Venezuela - Labour & Employment Lawyers & Law Firms - Latin America - Chambers and Partners
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Latin-America Guide

Labour & Employment — Venezuela


AraqueReyna - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 1

第一等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Pre-eminent department with an outstanding track record in the Venezuelan labour and employment arena. Frequently retained by a premier clientele to handle day-to-day advisory work, including drafting employment agreements, implementing employee benefit schemes and reviewing compensation packages. Highly adept at assisting with dismissals, negotiating collective agreements and litigating before the judicial and administrative authorities. New client wins include Turkish Airlines and South Genetics.

Strengths Clients are quick to praise that "the service is comprehensive and of a high quality. They are excellent lawyers with a solid reputation in the market, which they have achieved over the years as a result of their effectiveness. Their performance allows us to feel very secure at all times."

Another interviewee enthuses that they are "excellent," adding that "the marvellous thing is that what they say will happen, happens. Their opinions are very practical and easy to understand; they do not embellish things artificially."

Work highlight Advised HIAS, an immigration and refugee resettlement agency, on the review of its labour personnel policies, including employment agreements, payment receipts and other documentation.

Notable practitioners

Senior statesman and department co-head Luis Alfredo Araque continues to be an esteemed figure in this practice area. One market commentator praises him for being "an excellent lawyer," while another market observer remarks: "I admire and respect him." Araque is highly regarded for his contentious labour work.

About the Team (content provided by AraqueReyna)

ARAQUEREYNA’s Labour Law department is one of the most important in the local legal market and stands out for the following reasons: An enviable list of matters, covering virtually every subarea within the Labour Law field. Despite the country’s current economic crisis, our labour law department has led on crucial matters over the last year:

  • Constructora Andrade Gutiérrez and Desarrollos Hoteleros La Castellana (Hotel Cayena) in high-profile disputes involving former executives and personnel, which will set an important precedent.
  • An impressive team, led by one of the most acclaimed Venezuelan labour lawyers, Luis Alfredo Araque.

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Baker McKenzie SC - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 1

第一等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Front-running department within a global network. Offers extensive expertise in labour and employment. Highly experienced in handling staff reorganisations, large-scale dismissals and compliance with local labour law. Also counsels clients on internal labour policies, including incentive offerings and remuneration packages. Regularly retained by multinational companies to handle labour matters relating to corporate restructurings. Anglo American is a new client win this year.

Strengths A client highlights the lawyers' "open style of communications when weighing up options and how to consider every decision in terms of benefit and risk. They are always very focused, with a businesslike demeanour."

Other sources enthuse that "their work is of an excellent quality and the results are always aligned with our expectations. They understand their clients very well and are always available to attend to our needs."

Notable practitioners

Head of department Carlos Felce ascends to the top band this year, following exceptional feedback from peers and clients alike. One source enthuses that "he is impeccable, very professional and easy to reach." Another interviewee lauds: "Carlos is a great professional. He is very well recognised yet still accessible to his clients." Felce is highly experienced in dealing with an array of mandates, including compensation plans, benefits schemes and labour audits, as well as personnel restructurings, hires and terminations.

About the Team (content provided by Baker McKenzie SC)

Department profile not yet provided by Baker McKenzie SC. Please see their firm profile.

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D'Empaire - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 1

第一等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Market-leading practice group boasting full-service capabilities. Frequently retained by major players such as financial institutions and construction companies. Seasoned in advising clients on mass terminations, including negotiating with employees and designing compensation packages. Also highly skilled assisting with labour disputes, collective agreement negotiations and compliance mandates. New client wins this year include the International Air Transport Association.

Strengths A client is quick to praise the team for its "profound knowledge of all the cases in which they are involved and their commitment to them," also highlighting their "straightforward and easy-going" working style.

Other sources highly rate the firm for its "specific expertise in the country. They help us avoid many dangers and pitfalls."

Work highlight Assisted international infrastructure company Ghella Sogene with repealing a reinstatement order made by a number of former employees who were dismissed from the Valencia Metro project.

Notable practitioners

Outstanding practitioner Alejandro Disilvestro continues to be highly regarded in this field, with market observers endorsing his top position here. One insider comments on his "experience and expertise," further remarking that he is not only active in labour negotiations and criminal proceedings, but is also a seasoned academic. Disilvestro is co-head of the firm's labour and employment department and recently advised Thomson Reuters on the restructuring of its employee compensation scheme.

The "excellent" Victorino Márquez Ferrer is commended by a client for giving "fast answers and good results." Márquez Ferrer continues to be regarded as a front-running labour and employment lawyer, with one source saying that "his main strengths are his professionalism and level of knowledge." He recently counselled United Airlines on the mass termination of its entire domestic workforce as part of the company's winding down of its operations in Venezuela.

About the Team (content provided by D'Empaire)

D’Empaire continuously assists clients to reduce litigation risk and ensure legal compliance under employment law. 

D’Empaire is considered one of the leading Venezuelan law firms in collective contract negotiations and conflict management with labor unions, as well as in planning for and dealing with work stoppages.  We have extensive experience assisting multinational and Venezuelan companies in their labor disputes.

We advise our clients on workers’ compensation and benefit plans, including executive pay.  We also have extensive experience in employments contracts terminations and negotiation of settlement agreements.

D´Empaire has substantial litigation experience before trial courts, courts of appeals and the Supreme Court on the full range of labor and employment law matters, including wrongful termination, individual employment contracts, and workplace accident litigation.

We also assist our clients in the conduction of labor and employment audits to identify potential sources of labor liabilities as well as supply chain audits to ensure our clients subcontractor´s compliance with statutory and corporate labor standards. 

Together with the corporate team, our attorneys in the labor and employment area have assisted clients in connection with due-diligence reviews and have worked extensively on restructurings and other labor issues in connection with M&A, business and financing transactions.  

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Norton Rose Fulbright - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 1

第一等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Top-tier labour and employment department offering a strong bench of distinguished professionals. Boasts notable expertise in representing companies in union negotiations. Also known for advising multinationals on international workforce concerns, such as payments in foreign currency, immigration and social security issues. Other areas of proficiency include assisting with employee reorganisations, large-scale dismissals and compensation packages. Frequently defends clients before the judicial and administrative authorities. Bimbo and Air France are new client additions this year.

Strengths Clients enthuse that the firm is "highly qualified and professional," adding: "We rely on their services, which are timely and accurate. They attend to our needs with dedication and professionalism, providing a quick response."

Another source particularly endorses the firm for complex and important labour matters, praising tits international and cross-border capabilities, and adding that they have "very good lawyers and provide quick and efficient responses."

Work highlight Defended Vetra Energy Services in a dispute with a former consultant over labour benefits.

Notable practitioners

Star individual and head of department Juan Carlos Pró-Rísquez continues to be a standout practitioner in this arena, receiving accolades from a client for being "very attentive and professional. He is up to date with what is happening in the market and is very accurate in his recommendations." Pró-Rísquez is also singled out by a source as being "highly skilled" and "an extraordinary professional." Another interviewee lauds that "he knows a lot about the labour environment in Venezuela, he expresses himself well and he is very clear in his recommendations."

The "highly active" Esther Cecilia Blondet Serfaty is highly appreciated by market observers, who attest to the quality of her work. She was part of the team that represented Cigarrera Bigott in a collective bargaining agreement negotiation, as well as being active in an industrial conflict for the same client. Blondet Serfaty focuses her practice on litigation and regularly represents clients in consultations with unions.

A client commends Yanet Aguiar's work and character, explaining that she is "excellent, fast, precise and knows what she is doing. She is an analytical person with a lot of experience." Aguiar enjoys a solid reputation in the market among peers, who attest to her solid practice in this field.

Eirys Mata is considered an "enormous asset" to her firm by a source. Other commentators remark on her activity, reputation and qualifications in this area. She is experienced in handling collective bargaining matters and cases at the administrative and judicial levels.

About the Team (content provided by Norton Rose Fulbright)

Department profile not yet provided by Norton Rose Fulbright. Please see their firm profile.

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Leĝa Abogados - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 2

第二等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Respected department with significant experience in this practice area. Litigation continues to be a major area of strength, particularly assisting with disputes over commission payments, mass contract terminations and collective bargaining issues. Also advises clients on labour audits, as well as providing workshops regarding recent legislative developments in Venezuela.

Strengths Interviewees describe the team's work as "excellent," with one client further stating that they are "assertive and effective. In fact, we continue to retain their services because they give successful solutions to labour issues."

Work highlight Assisted IBM with the establishment of a new compensation scheme and devising new employment benefits, in addition to creating polices for employee retention.

Notable practitioners

Department co-head Pablo Benavente is praised as "bold and knowledgeable" by a client. He recently advised Diageo de Venezuela on the implementation an employment benefit scheme, strengthening the client's capacity to retain employees.

Carlos Alberto Henríquez is "clear, direct and timely," according to a satisfied client, who adds: "He always provides alternative solutions in response to the problems occurring in the local legal market."

Department co-head María Elena Subero is appreciated by both clients and her peers. One interviewee enthuses that she "makes a difference" because she is "able to listen, as well as being an assertive and empathetic person."

Up-and-coming practitioner John Tucker focuses his work on compensation plans and high-level labour litigation. He regularly advises US-based clients on their Venezuelan operations. Tucker also co-heads the department.

Associate-to-watch Natalia De Paz possesses solid experience in labour litigation and collective bargaining matters. One market observer remarks on her visibility in the market, adding that "she has a very good reputation."

About the Team (content provided by Leĝa Abogados)

Department profile not yet provided by Leĝa Abogados. Please see their firm profile.

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Littler Mendelson, PC - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 2

第二等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Esteemed labour and employment department frequently assisting domestic and international clients with litigation proceedings, day-to-day mandates and regulatory compliance. Areas of expertise include negotiating with unions, advising on collective bargaining agreements and counselling on labour restructuring matters.

Strengths Clients are quick to praise the positive interactions they have with the firm, describing the lawyers as "very professional," and further remarking on its ability to understand clients' business structures. Another interviewee adds that they are "quick in responding."

Notable practitioners

Liliana Salazar specialises in labour litigation and regularly advises corporate clients on employee terminations, particularly of high-level executives. She has a solid track record in this area and is considered by an interviewee to be "an excellent lawyer."

Commentators enthuse that Juan Carlos Varela offers "solutions that are adaptable to our business, as well as personalised service." Varela is well versed in matters pertaining to labour audits and compensation plans, boasting further experience in labour litigation.

Ricardo Alonso is highlighted by an interviewee for being a "dynamic and an excellent litigator." He is experienced advising on labour reorganisations and mass employee terminations.

About the Team (content provided by Littler Mendelson, PC)

Littler is the largest law practice in the world devoted exclusively to representing management in every aspect of labor and employment law, with more than 1,300 attorneys and 75 offices worldwide.
Littler established a reputation over 75 years as one of the leading firms in the United States representing employers and has expanded outside the country to better serve a growing list of international clients. Littler expanded into Latin America when it opened its first international office in Caracas, Venezuela in 2010. Today, Littler is the largest law firm in Venezuela exclusively dedicated to the practice of labor and employment law, with offices in Caracas and Valencia.
Our lawyers in Venezuela practice labor law throughout the country and advise clients on regional matters throughout Latin America. With our collective knowledge, we provide clients with comprehensive legal services covering the full range of workplace issues, including general labor advice, litigation and labor dispute resolution, immigration, executive transfers, negotiation of collective bargaining agreements, union matters, collective conflict resolution, and international employment and labor law.

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Grau García Hernández & Mónaco - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 3

第三等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Well-regarded department boasting notable experience in the labour and employment arena. Advises a roster of both local and multinational clients on litigation claims in the administrative and judicial spheres. Also routinely wins mandates from clients to advise on collective bargaining agreements.

Strengths A market commentator praises that "they are an important firm in Venezuela, managing important clients in the pharmaceutical industry. They are very competent." Another source remarks on the quality of the firm's work.

Notable practitioners

Luis Alfredo Hernández Merlanti receives accolades from peers, who describe him as "an excellent lawyer." Hernández Merlanti is highly experienced in negotiating with unions and advising on labour litigation. He also enjoys an eminent academic profile, frequently contributing articles to noted journals.

About the Team (content provided by Grau García Hernández & Mónaco)

Department profile not yet provided by Grau García Hernández & Mónaco. Please see their firm profile.

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Rodríguez & Mendoza - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 3

第三等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Strong practice group experienced in offering counsel on contentious labour matters, as well as day-to-day mandates. Advising corporate clients on compliance issues is a key area of involvement. Diverse range of clientele hails from the cosmetics, energy and food and beverage spheres.

Strengths Interviewees praise the firm's "very good" practice in this sphere, with one source commenting on its long-standing position in the market.

Notable practitioners

Senior statesman Enrique Itriago continues to be a highly admired figure in Venezuela's labour and employment sphere. One market insider considers him to be a standout practitioner, while another source enthuses: "He is one of the best lawyers in labour in Venezuela." Itriago also boasts a strong academic profile.

About the Team (content provided by Rodríguez & Mendoza)

Department profile not yet provided by Rodríguez & Mendoza. Please see their firm profile.

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Travieso Evans Arria Rengel & Paz - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 3

第三等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Significant practice group offering a strong national coverage across five regional offices. Collective bargaining continues to be an area of note. Also experienced assisting with the labour implications of the restructuring and closure of operations, including large-scale terminations and compensation packages.

Strengths Clients are quick to praise the firm as "excellent," adding that "they are very good, consistently advising and helping us. They respond quickly and are very knowledgeable of the law. This is of high value to us."

Work highlight Represented Ford Motors in a collective bargaining agreement.

Notable practitioners

Co-head of department and top-tier labour and employment lawyer Oscar Torres continues to be highly appreciated by clients and market observers alike. An interviewee compliments his swift working style, adding: "I feel that he guides me very well. Whenever there is new relevant legislation, he is the first to let me know and to give his opinion on how to manage its impact. He is proactive." Torres is highly experienced in counselling clients on collective bargaining and labour lawsuits.

About the Team (content provided by Travieso Evans Arria Rengel & Paz)

Department profile not yet provided by Travieso Evans Arria Rengel & Paz. Please see their firm profile.

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InterJuris Abogados, S.C. - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 4

第四等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Solid practice group well placed to assist with contentious labour issues. Frequently defends clients against lawsuits from high-ranking former employees resolved at both the judicial and administrative levels.

Strengths Satisfied clients note that the team provides "an excellent service," adding: "We think that they have very skilled professionals with profound knowledge of critical legal issues. They also always keep us up to date with legislative changes."

Work highlight Represented Avon in two lawsuits brought by employees claiming incorrect payment of severance benefits.

Notable practitioners

Head of department Angel Melendez Cardoza is described as "a practical individual" by a client who adds that "he presents very creative and straightforward solutions." He is experienced in both labour litigation and advisory work.

About the Team (content provided by InterJuris Abogados, S.C.)

  • InterJuris Abogados maintains a full service Labor and Employment practice, advising on general labor matters in all major industries in Venezuela. We also are well known for the provision of general advice on labor matters to our clients. For example, Avon is a client that frequently asks us for advice about day-to-day labor matters. Indulac (Lactalis) and Experian are clients that usually ask us for our advice before taking decisions related with labor matters.    
  • InterJuris Abogados is well known for labor litigation, and regularly represent employers in proceedings against the labor ministry. Our impressive track record of success in such cases in the context of Venezuela’s employee-favouring legislative framework illustrates our expertise in this area.
  • InterJuris advises a host of household name foreign clients with major operations in Venezuela. For example, the firm advises Avon, Indulac, Al Jazeera, Ericsson, Gazprom, Experian, among others.
  • Despite the heavily employee-favoured legislative environment in Venezuela, that makes it extremely difficult for employers to terminate staff, we regularly help our clients with major workforce restructurings, terminations and other operations crucial to the success of their businesses.

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Jurado Blanco & Aguirre - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 4

第四等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Recognised practice active in advising on a wide range of labour and employment matters. Specialises in negotiating collective bargaining agreements, auditing processes and compliance matters. Also handles litigation.

Strengths A client expresses their satisfaction with the firm's work, saying: "They respond to us immediately and handle the matters effectively." The same client highlights the excellent level of attention they receive from the firm, as well as the lawyers' knowledge of the practice area.

Work highlight Assisted Transporte Marítimo Maersk with the drafting of all internal labour documents, as well as ensuring compliance with Venezuelan regulations.

Notable practitioners

Department co-head Simón Jurado-Blanco is a well-recognised labour practitioner with expertise in negotiating contract terminations and contentious labour proceedings. A client praises his knowledge in this area, adding that "Simón does an impeccable job. He is very meticulous and always works to the highest standards."

Partner Alexis Aguirre joins the rankings this year. A client states: "It is always a pleasure to read or listen to his explanations and solutions. He handles law in a comprehensive manner while at the same time providing practical advice."

About the Team (content provided by Jurado Blanco & Aguirre)

Department profile not yet provided by Jurado Blanco & Aguirre. Please see their firm profile.

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Labor Gestión de Gente - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 4

第四等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Noted for advising domestic and international companies on downsizing strategies, employee terminations and collective bargaining. Also assists with implementing employee benefit schemes and litigation matters.

Strengths Clients are quick to highlight that the team "demonstrates a high level of commitment to the matters with which we entrust them," adding that "they combine excellent legal technical abilities with a pragmatic approach."

Work highlight Assisted Consorcio Credicard with several labour matters, including mass terminations of personnel and advice pertaining to recent legislative changes in Venezuela.

Notable practitioners

A client remarks that up-and-coming individual Carlos Rivera Salazar has the necessary "tools and information to prevent future conflicts." Another interviewee says: "He is excellent. Above all, he is attentive and always available." Salazar is also head of department.

About the Team (content provided by Labor Gestión de Gente)

Department profile not yet provided by Labor Gestión de Gente. Please see their firm profile.

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Mendoza, Palacios, Acedo, Borjas, Páez Pumar & Cía - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 4

第四等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Active team with a strong focus on labour negotiations and litigation, with experience representing clients before the Supreme Tribunal of Justice. Also advises on due diligence and employment and termination contracts.

Strengths Commentators are highly satisfied with the firm, noting that the team comprises "specialists in each area," and adding: "We receive their personalised attention."

Work highlight Successfully represented Hotel Paseo las Mercedes in a claim of labour benefits presented by former employees before the Supreme Tribunal of Justice.

Notable practitioners

Department co-head Esteban Palacios Lozada is active in assisting with both labour advisory issues and litigation matters. A client notes that Palacios Lozada is a leading figure at the firm and also praises his professionalism, knowledge and availability.

About the Team (content provided by Mendoza, Palacios, Acedo, Borjas, Páez Pumar & Cía)

Our extensive experience in labor law and litigation in particular differentiate our firm from others. We are among the top advisors on labor matters, including collective bargaining negotiations and litigation.

We advise our clients regarding labor and employment laws and regulations, which are complex and extremely worker-protective, including the very stringent regulations regarding safety in the workplace. 

Negotiation is one of our major skills. We negotiate with union representatives, and individual workers, seeking balanced working relationships and cordial terminations.

We are very active in the design of corporate strategy regarding hiring personnel, terms of engagement, termination policies and other issues, particularly important now in Venezuela, since there is a ban on workers’ dismissal (inamovilidad laboral).

We have an extensive and successful experience in labor litigation, having handled up to 2,000 cases simultaneously.

In the context of our M&A practice, we conduct due diligence processes with regard to the target company, focusing, among other matters, on labor issues, procedures and relationships.

We advise clients regarding labor-related fiscal and similar contributions, such as social security and apprentice regulations, which impact working relationships. We advise on the legal application of the rules and also represent our clients before the competent authorities.

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Tinoco Travieso Planchart & Núñez - Labour & Employment Department

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Band 4

第四等

Chambers Commentary (based on the Chambers research)

What the team is known for Well-known labour department regularly retained by multinational and local companies to provide counsel on downsizing strategies, litigation resolved at the administrative and judicial levels, and internal auditing processes.

Work highlight Represented Nestlé in a pre-trial proceeding regarding a claim made by an employee seeking compensation for an alleged workplace injury, in addition to performing various labour audits and reviews.

Notable practitioners

The key client contacts are Carlos Lepervanche and Eddy De Sousa.

About the Team (content provided by Tinoco Travieso Planchart & Núñez)

Department profile not yet provided by Tinoco Travieso Planchart & Núñez. Please see their firm profile.

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Senior Statesperson

Luis Alfredo Araque

AraqueReyna

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Senior statesman and department co-head Luis Alfredo Araque continues to be an esteemed figure in this practice area. One market commentator praises him for being "an excellent lawyer," while another market observer remarks: "I admire and respect him." Araque is highly regarded for his contentious labour work.

^ See whole ranking table

Senior Statesperson

Rodríguez & Mendoza

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Senior statesman Enrique Itriago continues to be a highly admired figure in Venezuela's labour and employment sphere. One market insider considers him to be a standout practitioner, while another source enthuses: "He is one of the best lawyers in labour in Venezuela." Itriago also boasts a strong academic profile.

^ See whole ranking table

Star Individuals

Juan Carlos Pró-Rísquez

Norton Rose Fulbright

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Star individual and head of department Juan Carlos Pró-Rísquez continues to be a standout practitioner in this arena, receiving accolades from a client for being "very attentive and professional. He is up to date with what is happening in the market and is very accurate in his recommendations." Pró-Rísquez is also singled out by a source as being "highly skilled" and "an extraordinary professional." Another interviewee lauds that "he knows a lot about the labour environment in Venezuela, he expresses himself well and he is very clear in his recommendations."

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

Alejandro Disilvestro

D'Empaire

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Outstanding practitioner Alejandro Disilvestro continues to be highly regarded in this field, with market observers endorsing his top position here. One insider comments on his "experience and expertise," further remarking that he is not only active in labour negotiations and criminal proceedings, but is also a seasoned academic. Disilvestro is co-head of the firm's labour and employment department and recently advised Thomson Reuters on the restructuring of its employee compensation scheme.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

Baker McKenzie SC

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Head of department Carlos Felce ascends to the top band this year, following exceptional feedback from peers and clients alike. One source enthuses that "he is impeccable, very professional and easy to reach." Another interviewee lauds: "Carlos is a great professional. He is very well recognised yet still accessible to his clients." Felce is highly experienced in dealing with an array of mandates, including compensation plans, benefits schemes and labour audits, as well as personnel restructurings, hires and terminations.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

Victorino Márquez Ferrer

D'Empaire

From the Chambers Latin America guide

The "excellent"Victorino Márquez Ferrer is commended by a client for giving "fast answers and good results." Márquez Ferrer continues to be regarded as a front-running labour and employment lawyer, with one source saying that "his main strengths are his professionalism and level of knowledge." He recently counselled United Airlines on the mass termination of its entire domestic workforce as part of the company's winding down of its operations in Venezuela.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

Travieso Evans Arria Rengel & Paz

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Co-head of department and top-tier labour and employment lawyer Oscar Torres continues to be highly appreciated by clients and market observers alike. An interviewee compliments his swift working style, adding: "I feel that heguides me very well. Whenever there is new relevant legislation, he is the first to let me know and to give his opinion on how to manage its impact. He is proactive." Torres is highly experienced in counselling clients on collective bargaining and labour lawsuits.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Esther Cecilia Blondet Serfaty

Norton Rose Fulbright

From the Chambers Latin America guide

The "highly active"Esther Cecilia Blondet Serfaty is highly appreciated by market observers, who attest to the quality of her work. She was part of the team that represented Cigarrera Bigott in a collective bargaining agreement negotiation, as well as being active in an industrial conflict for the same client. Blondet Serfaty focuses her practice on litigation and regularly represents clients in consultations with unions.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Colmenares Trivella Carballo Alvarez

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Cesar Carballo of Colmenares Trivella Carballo Alvarez is praised by a market commentator as "brilliant" and "an excellent lawyer." As well as being an accomplished practitioner in a wide array of labour law issues, sources also single out his academic work.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Luis Alfredo Hernández Merlanti

Grau García Hernández & Mónaco

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Luis Alfredo Hernández Merlanti receives accolades from peers, who describe him as "an excellent lawyer." Hernández Merlanti is highly experienced in negotiating with unions and advising on labour litigation. He also enjoys an eminent academic profile, frequently contributing articles to noted journals.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Simón Jurado-Blanco

Jurado Blanco & Aguirre

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Department co-head Simón Jurado-Blanco is a well-recognised labour practitioner with expertise in negotiating contract terminations and contentious labour proceedings. A client praises his knowledge in this area, adding that "Simón does an impeccable job. He is very meticulous and always works to the highest standards."

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Band 3

Norton Rose Fulbright

From the Chambers Latin America guide

A client commends Yanet Aguiar's work and character, explaining that she is "excellent, fast, precise and knows what she is doing. She is an analytical person with a lot of experience." Aguiar enjoys a solid reputation in the market among peers, who attest to her solid practice in this field.

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Band 3

Leĝa Abogados

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Department co-head Pablo Benavente is praised as "bold and knowledgeable" by a client. He recently advised Diageo de Venezuela on the implementation an employment benefit scheme, strengthening the client's capacity to retain employees. 

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Band 3

Carlos Alberto Henríquez

Leĝa Abogados

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Carlos Alberto Henríquez is "clear, direct and timely," according to a satisfied client, who adds: "He always provides alternative solutions in response to the problems occurring in the local legal market." 

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Band 3

Esteban Palacios Lozada

Mendoza, Palacios, Acedo, Borjas, Páez Pumar & Cía

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Department co-head Esteban Palacios Lozada is active in assisting with both labour advisory issues and litigation matters. A client notes that Palacios Lozada is a leading figure at the firm and also praises his professionalism, knowledge and availability.

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Band 3

Littler Mendelson, PC

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Liliana Salazar specialises in labour litigation and regularly advises corporate clients on employee terminations, particularly of high-level executives. She has a solid track record in this area and is considered by an interviewee to be "an excellent lawyer."

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Band 3

María Elena Subero

Leĝa Abogados

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Department co-head María Elena Subero is appreciated by both clients and her peers. One interviewee enthuses that she "makes a difference" because she is "able to listen, as well as being an assertive and empathetic person."

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Band 3

Juan Carlos Varela

Littler Mendelson, PC

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Commentators enthuse that Juan Carlos Varela offers "solutions that are adaptable to our business, as well as personalised service." Varela is well versed in matters pertaining to labour audits and compensation plans, boasting further experience in labour litigation.

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Band 4

Jurado Blanco & Aguirre

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Partner Alexis Aguirre joins the rankings this year. A client states: "It is always a pleasure to read or listen to his explanations and solutions. He handles law in a comprehensive manner while at the same time providing practical advice." 

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Band 4

Littler Mendelson, PC

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Ricardo Alonso is highlighted by an interviewee for being a "dynamic and an excellent litigator." He is experienced advising on labour reorganisations and mass employee terminations.

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Band 4

Ponte Andrade & Casanova

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Ignacio Andrade of Ponte Andrade & Casanova focuses his labour practice on collective bargaining mandates. Market sources note his activity and reputation in this practice area.

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Band 4

María Alejandra Blanco

Blanco Santana Montiel & Rincón

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Founding partner María Alejandra Blanco of Blanco Santana Montiel & Rincón is described by a commentator as being a "great lawyer," adding that "she is skilled at handling collective negotiations."

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Band 4

Gimón Troconis & Asociados

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Santiago Gimón of Gimón Troconis & Asociados is complimented by clients as their "right-hand man in labour law," with one source noting he is an "excellent professional."

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Band 4

Norton Rose Fulbright

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Eirys Mata is considered an "enormous asset" to her firm by a source. Other commentators remark on her activity, reputation and qualifications in this area. She is experienced in handling collective bargaining matters and cases at the administrative and judicial levels.

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Band 4

Angel Melendez Cardoza

InterJuris Abogados, S.C.

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Head of department Angel Melendez Cardoza is described as "a practical individual" by a client whoadds that "he presents very creative and straightforward solutions." He is experienced in both labour litigation and advisory work.

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Band 4

Altum Abogados

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Mariana Roso of Altum Abogados heads the firm's labour department and advises clients on employment contracts, executive compensation agreements and employee benefits plans. A peer praises her reputation in the market.

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Up and Coming

Carlos E. Rivera Salazar

Labor Gestión de Gente

From the Chambers Latin America guide

A client remarks that up-and-coming individual Carlos Rivera Salazar has the necessary "tools and information to prevent future conflicts." Another interviewee says: "He is excellent. Above all, he is attentive and always available." Salazar is also head of department.

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Up and Coming

Leĝa Abogados

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Up-and-coming practitioner John Tucker focuses his work on compensation plans and high-level labour litigation. He regularly advises US-based clients on their Venezuelan operations. Tucker also co-heads the department.

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Associates to watch

Leĝa Abogados

From the Chambers Latin America guide

Associate-to-watch Natalia De Paz possesses solid experience in labour litigation and collective bargaining matters. One market observer remarks on her visibility in the market, adding that "she has a very good reputation."

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