London (Bar) - Agriculture & Rural Affairs Lawyers & Law Firms - UK Bar - Chambers and Partners
Chambers & Partners has detected the use of an ad blocker.
We make use of tailor-made ads to enhance your experience of our website.
Please 'whitelist' https://www.chambersandpartners.com.
Close
UK-Bar Guide

Agriculture & Rural Affairs — London (Bar)

Band 1

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

THE SET

This specialist property set maintains its reputation as the go-to set in London for agriculture and rural affairs matters. It boasts an unmatched roster of silks and juniors in the area, a number of whom are specialists in the more arcane aspects of rural property law. The members are able to cover any complex issue, and have expertise in matters concerning unusual areas of agriculture. By way of example, they are au fait with cases concerning allotments, smallholdings and schedules in the 1986 Agriculture Holdings Act. As one commentator said, "Falcon Chambers is simply the best."

Client service: "They're a great set with a matching clerksroom. Senior clerk John Stannard is helpful, courteous and goes the extra mile, and Mark Ball provides an excellent service."

SILKS

Stephen Jourdan QC
Well-known agricultural law specialist, receiving outstanding feedback from peers. He regularly represents family farming partnerships and the individual members thereof, and also routinely handles landlord and tenant disputes.
Strengths: "He has a lot of authority: he sets the tone, pace and boundaries of a debate. The court and opposition simply have to try to keep up with him."
Recent work: Acted in farming partnership dispute Ham v Bell, successfully proving that the farm was not an asset of the partnership.

Jonathan Karas QC
A leading property and planning barrister with a strong focus on farms and other rural property. He has particular expertise in agricultural property relief. Karas also handles town and village green applications, farm business tenancies and potential development matters.
Strengths: "He's a very powerful advocate and he has vast experience in this area." "He is a senior and popular practitioner in this field."
Recent work: Successfully acted for the University of Kent in opposing the registration of Chaucer's Fields as a town or village green.

Jonathan Gaunt QC
An experienced property advocate with a broad-based rural practice. His expertise covers such disparate topics as mineral rights, easements and landlord and tenant matters.
Strengths: "A very effective advocate who is very knowledgeable on all aspects of property law."
Recent work: Acted in the long-running estoppel case of Davies v Davies, which concerned a family farm.

Caroline Shea QC
Handles residential, commercial and agricultural property law and is widely praised for her rural credentials. She regularly acts in cases concerning agricultural succession, notices to quit and rights of way over private land.
Strengths: "She's an outstanding silk, an iron fist in a velvet glove. She's absolutely charming, very relatable for clients and a formidable advocate."
Recent work: Acted in Moore v Moore, a proprietary estoppel case concerning a £10 million farming business held in a partnership.

JUNIORS

Joanne Moss
Experienced real property practitioner specialising in agricultural holdings cases. She regularly gives non-contentious rural property advice.
Strengths: "She has a lovely style and approach, and she's very popular with farming clients."

Emily Windsor
Standout junior with significant expertise in commercial and agricultural property. Her recent caseload has included claims to succession of 1986 Agricultural Holdings Act tenancies and disputes over diversification of agricultural land.
Strengths: "She has enviable knowledge of this area of law, she's excellent with clients and she's an advocate to be feared if you're on the other side."
Recent work: Represented the tenant in Meath Baker v Banwell, a case regarding the legality of various sub-lettings under the Agricultural Holdings Act.

Greville Healey
Real property specialist with expertise in agricultural and farm business tenancies. He also handles conveyancing disputes, public and private rights of way cases and matters relating to leasehold reform.
Strengths: "He is technically astute, very responsive and extremely approachable. He impresses clients with his pragmatic and commercial advice."
Recent work: Acted in the arbitration case of Smith-Tyrell v Sowden. This dispute concerned an agricultural holding.

Catherine Taskis
Handles a wide range of residential and commercial property cases. She specialises in real property matters and agricultural landlord and tenant disputes.
Strengths: "She's very good, very bright and she really knows her stuff." "Clever, creative and extremely easy to work with."
Recent work: Acted for the Crown Estate Commissioners concerning the letting of a dairy farm.

Joseph Ollech
Well-regarded land law practitioner who regularly handles disputes over tenancies. He is also frequently instructed in cases regarding property-related company and insolvency law.
Strengths: "He is very good and easily maintains the confidence of the court."

Edward Peters
Has notable experience in landlord and tenant disputes in an agricultural context. He publishes extensively and is a member of a number of prominent agricultural societies.
Strengths: "An informed and engaging junior."
Recent work: Defended the interests of two members of a three-way farming partnership in Devon against an attempt by the third party to sell the farm or dissolve the partnership.

Oliver Radley-Gardner
A specialist rural property barrister with a strong practice in boundaries and rights of way disputes. He also handles farming and agricultural tenancy succession claims.
Strengths: "Oliver always produces fantastic written work. His intellect is without bounds, he is a pleasure to work with and he gives his all to a case."
Recent work: Represented the defendants in Crown Estate Commissioners v Wakley, a case regarding the breach of an agricultural lease and consequent failure of the defendant's business.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Francis Taylor Building

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

THE SET

Francis Taylor Building is a highly regarded planning and environment set, and houses several members who have strong practices in rural public law. Its barristers are particularly commended for their specialist abilities in town or village green applications, an area where the set regularly acts in the highest-profile cases. Additional areas of expertise include development matters, rights of way issues and public inquiries. Recent work includes R v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, a case which raised an important point as to whether the principle of statutory incompatibility applied to land held by a local education authority.

Client service: The clerks, led by Paul Coveney, are "very helpful, very patient and knowledgeable."

SILKS

Douglas Edwards QC
A highly respected local government and planning specialist with a wealth of experience in common land matters. He is well known for acting in prominent Supreme Court cases regarding town or village green designation.
Strengths: "He's a very thorough, serious and detail-orientated practitioner who speaks with great authority and gives very clear advice."
Recent work: Acted for Lancashire County Council in opposition to the registration of land as a town or village green intended for the construction of a new school. The case concerned the question of statutory incompatibility and its relevance to land held by a local education authority.

Morag Ellis QC
An experienced practitioner with expertise in a wide array of planning matters. Her rural practice covers cases concerning rights of way, compulsory purchase and development planning.
Strengths: "She's very clever and bright, and she pays great attention to detail."
Recent work: Instructed on behalf of Welsh Ministers to respond to a High Court challenge to the Welsh Ministers' grant of planning permission for a wind farm at Garreg Lwyd in Mid Wales.

JUNIORS

Philip Petchey
A long-standing member of the Planning Bar who is praised for his intellectual approach. His practice includes work on common land and footpath designation.
Strengths: "Philip is extremely knowledgeable and produces very concise advice."

Richard Honey
Well regarded for acting in town or village green registrations. His broad practice also covers local government, environment and general pubic law matters.
Strengths: "Richard is unquestionably very able and knowledgeable of this area." "A great guy, a good lawyer and someone who is fantastically assiduous."

Ned Westaway
A highways and rights of way specialist who has experience of acting in commons and village green disputes. He frequently appears for local authorities, and also acts for high-profile riding and rambling interest groups.
Strengths: "His written work in complex cases puts him on a par with many QCs."
Recent work: Acted for the Ilchester Estates in a public inquiry against Natural England on the subject of the England Coast Path.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

THE SET

Landmark Chambers is noted for having barristers who undertake a wide range of rural property work. Members here handle real property and landlord and tenant matters as well as highways disputes. One observer remarks that "they have very strong planners and strong property people, and they are all very able in agriculture matters." An example of recent work includes acting in judicial review proceedings regarding the decision to permit major housing in the context of a possible extension of special protection areas under the Wild Birds Directive.

Client service: Jay Fullilove heads up the "helpful and responsive" clerking team.

SILKS

Timothy Morshead QC
Real estate litigator specialising in real property and tenancy disputes, town and village green issues and other planning matters. In addition to appearing at all levels of court, he regularly acts in arbitrations and as a mediator.
Strengths: "An excellent advocate who really understands the subject matter." "He's extremely bright, picks up complex matters quickly and his advocacy is brilliant. He is terrier-like in drilling down to the detail, especially in cross-examination."
Recent work: Acted for the council in Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council v Dudley Muslim Association, a case concerning an agreement for the sale of land as the site for an intended mosque in Dudley.

David Elvin QC
Environmental and planning specialist who regularly handles cases concerning rights over rural land. He also specialises in the human rights and EU law aspects of these matters and appears before the ECHR and ECJ.
Strengths: "He is hugely impressive both on paper and on his feet, and has a mellifluous style of advocacy. His knowledge of the law is encyclopaedic and he makes excellent strategic calls."
Recent work: Acted in Savage v Mansfield DC and Lindhurst Group, a case concerning permission for housing related to bird preservation.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

THE SET

Maitland Chambers houses a number of barristers who have excellent abilities in agriculture and rural affairs matters. Sources regard the set's members as "top class" in this field and choose to instruct them "where specialist agricultural law advice is required." Members have particular expertise in landlord and tenant disputes and farming partnership cases. One example of recent work was Moore v Moore, a family dispute over a farm and assets worth £10 million where the son claimed ownership of the entire farm by proprietary estoppel.

Client service: "The clerks are very friendly and accommodating." John Wiggs is senior clerk.

JUNIORS

Nigel Thomas
A chancery and property practitioner with particular expertise in water law. He regularly acts for Welsh Water and additionally handles farming partnership disputes. He also sits as the principal judge of the Agricultural & Drainage Tribunal.
Strengths: "An agile and engaging advocate." "He is very charming and clients find him sympathetic and reassuring."
Recent work: Acted in Moore v Moore, a proprietary estoppel case concerning ownership of a £10 million farm.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

New Square Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

THE SET

New Square Chambers is well known for housing some of the London Bar's most highly regarded experts when it comes to questions of public access. They cover cases concerning rights of way and village green applications, amongst others. Its members are lauded for their academic rigour and often appear in landmark cases on countryside and coastal access, including matters relating to common land and easements. Recent work includes R v Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and Network Rail. The case raised an important point as to whether a public right of way can be acquired by prescriptive public use of a track which crosses a railway line.

Client service: Phil Reeves is head of the "very prompt, efficient and helpful" clerking team.

SILKS

George Laurence QC
A public law and real property silk with a sterling reputation in town and village green applications. His recent caseload has largely involved issues of contested access, often over unusual types of land, such as railway lines and river banks.
Strengths: "He is quite simply the ultimate authority on public rights of way." "His style is absolutely superb and he's a terrific advocate."
Recent work: Acted for Hertfordshire County Council in a case raising the question of whether a verge formed part of a public highway.

JUNIORS

Ross Crail
An outstanding junior specialising in real property, noted by peers for her intellectual prowess. Her practice covers both private and public law claims around rights of way and she sits as a town and village green inspector.
Strengths: "She has a mind like a steel trap." "Ross is very thorough and very bright."
Recent work: Acted as inspector on the Whitstable Beach town and village green inquiry, regarding whether recreational use of a beach is a public right.

Edwin Simpson
An impressive and scholarly advocate who is also an Associate Professor in the Oxford University Faculty of Law.
Strengths: "He is very persuasive, confident and clear, as well as thorough and detailed without being overly academic."
Recent work: Successfully represented a landowner in opposition to an attempted modification of the Definitive Map and Statement to include a right of way at Chippinghurst Crossing in Oxfordshire.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

Stephen Jourdan QC

Falcon Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Stephen Jourdan QC
Well-known agricultural law specialist, receiving outstanding feedback from peers. He regularly represents family farming partnerships and the individual members thereof, and also routinely handles landlord and tenant disputes.
Strengths: "He has a lot of authority: he sets the tone, pace and boundaries of a debate. The court and opposition simply have to try to keep up with him."
Recent work: Acted in farming partnership dispute Ham v Bell, successfully proving that the farm was not an asset of the partnership.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

George Laurence QC

New Square Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

George Laurence QC 
A public law and real property silk with a sterling reputation in town and village green applications. His recent caseload has largely involved issues of contested access, often over unusual types of land, such as railway lines and river banks.
Strengths: "He is quite simply the ultimate authority on public rights of way." "His style is absolutely superb and he's a terrific advocate."
Recent work: Acted for Hertfordshire County Council in a case raising the question of whether a verge formed part of a public highway.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

William Massey QC

Pump Court Tax Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

William Massey QC of Pump Court Tax Chambers 
Recognised as the leading expert on the tax aspects specific to landed estates and agricultural land. He is particularly well known for his work on matters concerning heritage property and the succession of farms and estates.
Strengths: "Incisive, thorough and a real expert, he has been the go-to person for at least ten years on all matters of agricultural relief and heritage property. He's extremely good."

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

Essex Court Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Hugh Mercer QC of Essex Court Chambers 
A well-regarded specialist in regulatory and EU law governing agriculture. Peers and commentators praise his work on cases regarding the Basic Payment Scheme.
Strengths: "He's phenomenally intelligent, delightful to work with and excellent with clients and judges."
Recent work: Acted in Cranswick v Food Standards agency, a claim that fees paid for slaughter house inspections contravened EU law.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Douglas Edwards QC

Francis Taylor Building

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Douglas Edwards QC 
A highly respected local government and planning specialist with a wealth of experience in common land matters. He is well known for acting in prominent Supreme Court cases regarding town or village green designation.
Strengths: "He's a very thorough, serious and detail-orientated practitioner who speaks with great authority and gives very clear advice."
Recent work: Acted for Lancashire County Council in opposition to the registration of land as a town or village green intended for the construction of a new school. The case concerned the question of statutory incompatibility and its relevance to land held by a local education authority.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Francis Taylor Building

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Morag Ellis QC 
An experienced practitioner with expertise in a wide array of planning matters. Her rural practice covers cases concerning rights of way, compulsory purchase and development planning.
Strengths: "She's very clever and bright, and she pays great attention to detail."
Recent work: Instructed on behalf of Welsh Ministers to respond to a High Court challenge to the Welsh Ministers' grant of planning permission for a wind farm at Garreg Lwyd in Mid Wales.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Jonathan Karas QC

Falcon Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Jonathan Karas QC 
A leading property and planning barrister with a strong focus on farms and other rural property. He has particular expertise in agricultural property relief. Karas also handles town and village green applications, farm business tenancies and potential development matters.
Strengths: "He's a very powerful advocate and he has vast experience in this area." "He is a senior and popular practitioner in this field."
Recent work: Successfully acted for the University of Kent in opposing the registration of Chaucer's Fields as a town or village green.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Timothy Morshead QC

Landmark Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Timothy Morshead QC 
Real estate litigator specialising in real property and tenancy disputes, town and village green issues and other planning matters. In addition to appearing at all levels of court, he regularly acts in arbitrations and as a mediator.
Strengths: "An excellent advocate who really understands the subject matter." "He's extremely bright, picks up complex matters quickly and his advocacy is brilliant. He is terrier-like in drilling down to the detail, especially in cross-examination."
Recent work: Acted for the council in Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council v Dudley Muslim Association, a case concerning an agreement for the sale of land as the site for an intended mosque in Dudley.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Mark Wonnacott QC

Wilberforce Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Mark Wonnacott QC of Wilberforce Chambers
Well-respected property litigator with a broad-based rural practice. Peers praise him for his knowledge of the more specialist aspects of land law, such as manorial and mineral rights.
Strengths: "He has a tremendous academic interest in landlord and tenant matters and he's a good sharp advocate." "He's an outstandingly brilliant bloke with a cerebral, professorial air about him."

^ See whole ranking table

Band 3

Landmark Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

David Elvin QC 
Environmental and planning specialist who regularly handles cases concerning rights over rural land. He also specialises in the human rights and EU law aspects of these matters and appears before the ECHR and ECJ.
Strengths: "He is hugely impressive both on paper and on his feet, and has a mellifluous style of advocacy. His knowledge of the law is encyclopaedic and he makes excellent strategic calls."
Recent work: Acted in Savage v Mansfield DC and Lindhurst Group, a case concerning permission for housing related to bird preservation.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 3

Jonathan Gaunt QC

Falcon Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Jonathan Gaunt QC 
An experienced property advocate with a broad-based rural practice. His expertise covers such disparate topics as mineral rights, easements and landlord and tenant matters.
Strengths: "A very effective advocate who is very knowledgeable on all aspects of property law."
Recent work: Acted in the long-running estoppel case of Davies v Davies, which concerned a family farm.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 3

Falcon Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Caroline Shea QC 
Handles residential, commercial and agricultural property law and is widely praised for her rural credentials. She regularly acts in cases concerning agricultural succession, notices to quit and rights of way over private land.
Strengths: "She's an outstanding silk, an iron fist in a velvet glove. She's absolutely charming, very relatable for clients and a formidable advocate."
Recent work: Acted in Moore v Moore, a proprietary estoppel case concerning a £10 million farming business held in a partnership.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

New Square Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Ross Crail 
An outstanding junior specialising in real property, noted by peers for her intellectual prowess. Her practice covers both private and public law claims around rights of way and she sits as a town and village green inspector.
Strengths: "She has a mind like a steel trap." "Ross is very thorough and very bright."
Recent work: Acted as inspector on the Whitstable Beach town and village green inquiry, regarding whether recreational use of a beach is a public right.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

Enterprise Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Caroline Hutton of Enterprise Chambers 
A rural practitioner with a wealth of experience in real property and landlord and tenant disputes. In addition to litigating cases, she regularly acts as an arbitrator and mediator.
Strengths: "She's very clear in conference and in her written advice; any client will understand the issues after they've seen her."
Recent work: Acted in Secretary of State for Defence v Spencer, a case concerning the validity of a notice to pay under the Agricultural Holdings Act 1986.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

Falcon Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Joanne Moss 
Experienced real property practitioner specialising in agricultural holdings cases. She regularly gives non-contentious rural property advice.
Strengths: "She has a lovely style and approach, and she's very popular with farming clients."

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

Maitland Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Nigel Thomas 
A chancery and property practitioner with particular expertise in water law. He regularly acts for Welsh Water and additionally handles farming partnership disputes. He also sits as the principal judge of the Agricultural & Drainage Tribunal.
Strengths: "An agile and engaging advocate." "He is very charming and clients find him sympathetic and reassuring."
Recent work: Acted in Moore v Moore, a proprietary estoppel case concerning ownership of a £10 million farm.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 1

Falcon Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Emily Windsor 
Standout junior with significant expertise in commercial and agricultural property. Her recent caseload has included claims to succession of 1986 Agricultural Holdings Act tenancies and disputes over diversification of agricultural land.
Strengths: "She has enviable knowledge of this area of law, she's excellent with clients and she's an advocate to be feared if you're on the other side."
Recent work: Represented the tenant in Meath Baker v Banwell, a case regarding the legality of various sub-lettings under the Agricultural Holdings Act.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Falcon Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Greville Healey 
Real property specialist with expertise in agricultural and farm business tenancies. He also handles conveyancing disputes, public and private rights of way cases and matters relating to leasehold reform.
Strengths: "He is technically astute, very responsive and extremely approachable. He impresses clients with his pragmatic and commercial advice."
Recent work: Acted in the arbitration case of Smith-Tyrell v Sowden. This dispute concerned an agricultural holding.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Francis Taylor Building

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Richard Honey 
Well regarded for acting in town or village green registrations. His broad practice also covers local government, environment and general pubic law matters.
Strengths: "Richard is unquestionably very able and knowledgeable of this area." "A great guy, a good lawyer and someone who is fantastically assiduous."

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Francis Taylor Building

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Philip Petchey 
A long-standing member of the Planning Bar who is praised for his intellectual approach. His practice includes work on common land and footpath designation.
Strengths: "Philip is extremely knowledgeable and produces very concise advice."

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Oliver Radley-Gardner

Falcon Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Oliver Radley-Gardner 
A specialist rural property barrister with a strong practice in boundaries and rights of way disputes. He also handles farming and agricultural tenancy succession claims.
Strengths: "Oliver always produces fantastic written work. His intellect is without bounds, he is a pleasure to work with and he gives his all to a case."
Recent work: Represented the defendants in Crown Estate Commissioners v Wakley, a case regarding the breach of an agricultural lease and consequent failure of the defendant's business.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 2

Falcon Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Catherine Taskis 
Handles a wide range of residential and commercial property cases. She specialises in real property matters and agricultural landlord and tenant disputes.
Strengths: "She's very good, very bright and she really knows her stuff." "Clever, creative and extremely easy to work with."
Recent work: Acted for the Crown Estate Commissioners concerning the letting of a dairy farm.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 3

Tanfield Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Karen Jones of Tanfield Chambers 
A well-known rights of way specialist with a rural focus to her practice. She regularly acts in town and village green applications for local authorities and landowners.
Strengths: "She is forensic and incisive in an understated way and what she doesn't know about coastal rights of way and village greens isn't worth knowing."

^ See whole ranking table

Band 3

Falcon Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Joseph Ollech 
Well-regarded land law practitioner who regularly handles disputes over tenancies. He is also frequently instructed in cases regarding property-related company and insolvency law.
Strengths: "He is very good and easily maintains the confidence of the court."

^ See whole ranking table

Band 3

Falcon Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Edward Peters
Has notable experience in landlord and tenant disputes in an agricultural context. He publishes extensively and is a member of a number of prominent agricultural societies.
Strengths: "An informed and engaging junior."
Recent work: Defended the interests of two members of a three-way farming partnership in Devon against an attempt by the third party to sell the farm or dissolve the partnership.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 3

New Square Chambers

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Edwin Simpson 
An impressive and scholarly advocate who is also an Associate Professor in the Oxford University Faculty of Law.
Strengths: "He is very persuasive, confident and clear, as well as thorough and detailed without being overly academic."
Recent work: Successfully represented a landowner in opposition to an attempted modification of the Definitive Map and Statement to include a right of way at Chippinghurst Crossing in Oxfordshire.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 3

Francis Taylor Building

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Ned Westaway 
A highways and rights of way specialist who has experience of acting in commons and village green disputes. He frequently appears for local authorities, and also acts for high-profile riding and rambling interest groups.
Strengths: "His written work in complex cases puts him on a par with many QCs."
Recent work: Acted for the Ilchester Estates in a public inquiry against Natural England on the subject of the England Coast Path.

^ See whole ranking table

Band 3

9 Stone Buildings

From the Chambers UK Bar guide

Paul Wilmshurst of 9 Stone Buildings 
A respected junior focusing on public law claims related to property. He regularly handles rights of way disputes, including village green applications and common land designations.
Strengths: "He is persistent in his cross-examination while maintaining a polite and friendly approach."
Recent work: Represented Canterbury City Council in the public inquiry into the town and village green application for Whitstable Beach.

^ See whole ranking table

A

Direct access enables barristers to be instructed without the involvement (and financial cost) of an intermediary such as a solicitor. It comes in two forms: licensed access and public access. More information can be found here.