Arbitration (International)

Arbitration (International) - Europe-wide


第一等 |

THE FIRM Freshfields continues to be a dominant force in the world of international arbitration, commanding a truly international team with strongholds in offices from London to Moscow. The group is often the first port of call for clients with high-profile, challenging disputes involving emerging markets, and it continues to work closely with some of the largest energy clients around. The team represents a consortium of energy companies, including ENI, Chevron and Lukoil, in relation to a series of disputes with the Republic of Kazakhstan and KazMunaiGas, relating to the operation of the Karachaganak field in northwest Kazakhstan. In another matter, the firm acted on a USD1.5 billion dispute between shareholders of a Nigerian telecommunications provider. Other clients of the firm include BP, ExxonMobil and Deutsche Bank.

Sources say: “Unquestionably world-class international arbitration specialists.”

KEY INDIVIDUALS Rolf Trittmann is a hugely experienced arbitrator and counsel who regularly handles high-value, complex commercial disputes. His pragmatic and innovative approach is regularly remarked upon, and he demonstrates significant expertise in the automotive industry.

Peter Turner heads the firm's international arbitration group in Paris and draws on more than 15 years of experience advising clients in various sectors, including energy, mining, finance and agriculture. He is also highlighted for his work in investor-state disputes.

A prominent figure in the London international arbitration market, Nigel Rawding is also a highly experienced litigation lawyer. He has a broad international practice, and comes recommended for his work in India-related cases.

Noah Rubins is best known for his work in Russia and the CIS, and has developed an excellent reputation for his understanding of different local markets.

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THE FIRM This US firm's exceptional standing in Europe largely derives from its outstanding Paris team, with further offices in Milan, London, Frankfurt and Munich strengthening its reputation as a leading presence in international arbitration matters. The practice is vastly experienced in handling all stages of the arbitration process, with its work spanning areas such as mergers and acquisitions, construction, energy and investment. Significant highlights include representing the Republic of Lithuania in two separate arbitration proceedings commenced by Gazprom, and representing the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria as respondent in an UNCITRAL arbitration initiated by Orascom Telecom. Its collection of cases also extends to several other high-profile clients, including Sonatrach, Dow Chemical, the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. 

Sources say: "It plays a major role in arbitration cases on a worldwide level."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Emmanuel Gaillard is based in Paris and remains a leading expert in the field, with his incredible wealth of knowledge and experience cementing his position as an integral member of the firm. He is widely renowned for his involvement in a number of major international arbitration matters, which includes his role as a lead partner in the Republic of Lithuania's arbitration proceedings commenced by Gazprom.

Fernando Mantilla-Serrano is praised for his great depth of knowledge in relation to a broad range of arbitration issues. His areas of focus include corporate, banking and international contracts.

Yas Banifatemi is a prominent figure in international arbitration, as well as having a considerable presence in public international law. She has particular expertise in oil and gas and international investment, as well as general commercial matters.

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THE FIRM Despite the departures of Stephen Jagusch and Anthony Sinclair from the London office, Allen & Overy remains one of the top European firms for international arbitration work. Sources are quick to highlight the depth of expertise on offer at the firm, suggesting that its brand and reputation are guarantors of its long-standing success. The group remains best known for its stellar financial practice, and many of its most important disputes derive from its close links with investors and banks. In a recent high-profile case, the group acted for 14 strategic investors seeking reparations from the Spanish government for alterations to the investment framework for solar power energy installations. 

Sources say: “The lawyers understand that brevity, and not quoting code, is better received by clients.”

KEY INDIVIDUALS Judith Gill QC is an “extremely strong” and “gifted” international arbitration expert, say market sources. She has extensive experience of LCIA, ICC, ICSID, AAA, UNCITRAL, Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC), German Institution of Arbitration (DIS), Dubai International Arbitration Association and London Maritime Arbitrators Association arbitrations, and is resident in the firm's London office.

Michael Young heads the Paris team and is often highlighted for his knowledge of the energy, chemicals and natural resources industries. He currently sits on the ICC Court of Arbitration.

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THE FIRM With strongholds in the UK and across continental Europe, Clifford Chance has one of the widest-reaching litigation and arbitration practices on offer. Highlighted for its capacity to advise on cross-border, highly technical and multidisciplinary assignments, the team has enjoyed a particularly busy and successful year. It recently defended the government of Poland in an Energy Charter Treaty claim under Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (SCC) rules, regarding the operation of an oil business in Poland. Barclays, JPMorgan and Carrefour are some of the firm's other clients.

KEY INDIVIDUALS Well known for his work in both commercial and investment treaty cases, Audley Sheppard is one of the top arbitration specialists in the world. His expertise in construction disputes is frequently sought.

Although perhaps now better known as an arbitrator, Fabian von Schlabrendorff continues to advise a broad range of commercial clients on banking, construction, engineering and corporate matters.

Robert Lambert continues to be associated with Russia-related arbitrations. He possesses extensive knowledge of engineering, construction and telecoms disputes.

第二等 |

THE FIRM Much of the praise for this firm is directed towards its standout Paris and London offices, but the team also elicits recommendations for its stellar Russian and CIS practice. Its clients are drawn from a variety of industries, including finance, energy, telecommunications and real estate, and include organisations like the US Department of Justice. Drawing on its excellent reputation for public international law matters, the group recently represented the government of Spain in its dispute with 14 investors regarding alleged violation of protections in the Energy Charter Treaty. 

Sources say: “The firm's strength is in its international reach.”

KEY INDIVIDUALS Paula Hodges moves up the rankings this year in recognition of her stellar international arbitration practice. Sources highlight her excellent analytical skills, and note her expertise in the energy, technology and telecoms industries.

Matthew Weiniger has significant experience in cases involving Russia and the CIS, with particular expertise in cases with states and state-owned companies. He has counselled clients under ICC, LCIA, ICSID, SCC and UNCITRAL rules.

第二等 |

THE FIRM This international powerhouse provides tremendous coverage on the European front, as it handles a wide array of international arbitration cases in the UK, France, Russia, Germany and Sweden. The firm's formidable reputation in this practice area is accentuated by its particular expertise in investor-state arbitrations, with a portfolio of cases that encompasses major industry sectors such as aviation, real estate, manufacturing and pharmaceuticals. Recent work highlights include acting for Mobile TeleSystems, its Texan subsidiary Barash Communications Technologies, and its Russian-registered London-listed parent AFC Sistema on a major dispute against various Turkmen State entities and the State of Turkmenistan. The team also assisted Rual Trade with the challenge of an arbitral award under SCC Expedited Rules. In addition it works with other top multinational clients such as Air Liquide, Saudi Aramco and the Republic of Bulgaria.

Sources say: "The firm is very strong in arbitration."

KEY INDIVIDUALS In London, Phillip Capper is commended for his expertise in construction and engineering matters, as well as having substantial knowledge of the rail industry. His experience in the field ranges from handling cross-border investor disputes to applications of international technical standards.

Paris-based Michael Polkinghorne is recognised as a very strong performer in international arbitration work and handles cases in a variety of sectors, such as infrastructure, project finance and telecoms.

Christopher Seppälä is a "very well-regarded" figure in the Paris office, who is especially noted for his proficiency in international commercial arbitration matters. He also acts in construction claims and disputes, including various building, industrial and civil engineering projects.

David Goldberg is a notable presence in international commercial and investment arbitration cases. He is renowned for his work across a number of jurisdictions, and also gains praise for his knowledge of matters relating to Eastern Europe and the CIS region.

Experienced lawyer Claes Zettermarck is based in the firm's Stockholm office. He has a widespread reputation in international arbitration cases, which is reinforced by his work with entities from countries such as Germany, Italy, Sweden and Denmark.

Since publication, Claes Zettermarck has joined Advokatfirman Lundblad & Zettermarck HB

Band 2 | WilmerHale

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THE FIRM This firm's superb London office serves as the hub of its European operations, and is ably supported by WilmerHale's teams in Brussels and Berlin. The international arbitration group is well equipped to handle cases in a broad range of areas, including mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures and insurance disputes, and it is often involved in arbitrations in various European cities such as Stockholm, Zürich, Geneva and Amsterdam. The firm is especially admired for its investment treaty arbitration capabilities and recently represented Southern Sudan in the highly publicised Abyei arbitration concerning boundary delimitation issues. On the commercial side, the team played a key role in an ICC arbitration in Brussels involving leading European international telecommunications companies in a dispute over the break-up of their joint venture.

KEY INDIVIDUALS Gary Born is an emblematic figure in the international arbitration market with outstanding expertise in both commercial and investment treaty arbitration. "He is amongst the top practitioners in the world – he has a tremendous depth of knowledge and a sophisticated way of thinking, which allows him to achieve the best result for his client while remaining pragmatic and not overcomplicating proceedings," say sources.

The "utterly excellent" Steven Finizio has a broad disputes practice with an emphasis on international commercial arbitration. Clients value his ability to advise on both common and civil law disputes.

Wendy Miles focuses on arbitrations involving public and private international law, and was the lead co-counsel for Southern Sudan in the Abyei boundary delimitation arbitration proceedings.

Austrian lawyer Franz Schwarz is vice-chair of the firm's international arbitration department and splits his time between Frankfurt and London. He is well equipped to handle disputes in both common and civil law systems, focusing on corporate and finance disputes.

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THE FIRM Baker & McKenzie prides itself on its excellent international reputation, with an enviable European network of offices and an impressive number of cross-border arbitration cases for clients including multinational corporations, state-owned entities and state agencies. It has a particular presence in London, Prague and Moscow, and its highly collaborative approach allows it to secure an impressive number of high-profile arbitration cases. A recent highlight saw the Prague, London and Frankfurt teams act as lead counsel on a number of ICC arbitration proceedings arising from ČSOB's rescue of IPB bank, when it was on the verge of collapse, which included successfully defending a claim brought against it by IPB for approximately USD1 billion.

Sources say: "The firm has fantastic links in a number of jurisdictions and its availability is always very good."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Moscow-based Vladimir Khvalei has a strong reputation in international arbitration matters. He is commended for his in-depth knowledge and vast experience regarding disputes in Eastern Europe and the CIS, particularly Belarus, Ukraine, Russia and Kazakhstan.

Guenter Pickrahn is based in Frankfurt and receives praise for his expertise in both arbitration and litigation cases.

第三等 |

THE FIRM This high-quality US firm remains a solid fixture in the European international arbitration market, with a prestigious arbitration team operating mainly out of the Paris office. It is well known for its prowess in investment treaty arbitrations, especially following the team's lead role in the representation of the Russian Federation in the highly publicised Yukos Oil Company arbitration proceedings brought by former majority shareholders. On the commercial side, the team is currently defending EDF in various claims by the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg. 

KEY INDIVIDUALS In Paris, Claudia Annacker is a revered practitioner who is best known for investment treaty disputes and sovereign representation. She plays a lead role in the representation of the Russian Federation in three parallel treaty arbitrations. Sources add: "She is really impressive in her knowledge of sovereign arbitrations."

Jean-Yves Garaud is another important member of the team and focuses predominantly on commercial arbitration. He also maintains a very active white-collar crime practice.

Frankfurt's Richard H Kreindler is widely recognised for his vast experience in handling construction, investment, commercial and infrastructure arbitrations.

Band 3 | Dentons

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THE FIRM Salans combined with SNR Denton and FMC in 2013 to become Dentons. With around 60 arbitration lawyers spread across its offices, this firm continues to grow in stature in the European market. With a strong pedigree in this practice area, dating back more than 30 years, the team is best known for its pioneering work in disputes arising from Western investment in Russia, the CIS and CEE. In a recent case led by the Paris office, the group advised Apotex Holdings on an ICSID arbitration against the US government regarding breaches of protections under NAFTA and the blocking of millions of dollars of sales in the USA. Gazprom is another prominent client of the firm.

KEY INDIVIDUALS Jeffrey Hertzfeld is one of the founding partners at the firm, and continues to operate as an arbitrator in many high-profile commercial cases. His focus remains on disputes in Russia, the CIS and CEE, and he has acted in cases under a variety of institutional rules, including ICC, LCIA, UNCITRAL and AAA.

Barton Legum is one of the best-known advocates at the firm, and attracts widespread praise for his work in investment treaty disputes. With more than 20 years of experience, he has represented clients in cases before the ICJ and numerous seats of arbitration.

Piotr Nowaczyk is one of the most admired lawyers in the Polish market, and his reputation extends far beyond his country's borders. His broad practice covers a variety of industries, from construction, energy and oil and gas to banking, M&A and TMT.

Dominic Pellew 

第三等 |

THE FIRM The European arbitration group at Gide is split between the firm's Paris, London and Warsaw branches, but its reputation is undoubtedly strongest in France. Lately, it has been active in disputes relating to construction, oil and gas, mining, telecoms and IP, amongst other matters, including cases under ICC, ICSID and UNCITRAL rules. Notable highlights include representing Victor Pey Casafo in a case initiated by the Republic of Chile seeking annulment of an ICSID award concerning the seizure of two Chilean publishing houses. Areva also instructed the firm in its high-profile and successful EUR648 million case against Siemens. 

Sources say: “Before the lawyers put an argument on paper they want to be sure that they can defend that later in the process.”

KEY INDIVIDUALS Carole Malinvaud has acted as both counsel and arbitrator in many international arbitrations around the world. Recently she has been involved in cases in Asia, West Africa, Latin America and the Middle East.

Christian Camboulive has conducted numerous arbitrations under ICC, Federal Arbitration Act, ICSID and UNCITRAL rules, particularly on infrastructure projects, M&A and investment protection.

Rupert Reece is praised by sources for his “tactical structuring of proceedings,” and also noted for his eloquent manner. Dividing his time between London and Paris, he focuses on joint ventures, construction and distribution agreements.

Band 3 | Hogan Lovells

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THE FIRM With one of the largest European footprints, featuring 16 offices in 12 jurisdictions, Hogan Lovells has the breadth to advise on a range of complex cross-border disputes. In addition to its expertise in commercial arbitration, the firm is also recognised for its work in investment treaty disputes, as well as state-to-state arbitration. Illustrating the international scope of the team, the London office recently acted for Schlumberger on an arbitration against a former Tunisian distributor regarding alleged non-payment and breaches of agreements following the termination of their business relationship. Ford, Alstom and Statoil are some of the firm's other clients.

KEY INDIVIDUALS Heading the international arbitration practice, Michael Davison is well known for his expertise in energy-related arbitrations and public international law matters.

Band 3 | Lalive

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THE FIRM Although centred in Switzerland, the arbitration practice at Lalive brings together lawyers from more than 15 countries with substantial experience of cases from around the globe. Thanks to its historic ties to this practice area, the group is one of the most experienced offerings in the European market and remains a go-to outfit for highly complex and politicised disputes. The team recently acted for a sovereign European client on an ICSID arbitration concerning alleged breaches of international law. In another matter, it represented a Middle Eastern company in a multimillion-dollar construction dispute in the energy sector.

Sources say: “Fantastic lawyers; the transparency and timing of work was outstanding.”

KEY INDIVIDUALS Interviewees suggest that Michael Schneider's fine reputation helps to attract some very prominent cases to the firm. He concentrates on disputes in the construction, engineering, energy, infrastructure, telecoms and life sciences industries.

The “fantastic” Matthias Scherer is recognised by clients for his terrific negotiation skills, as well as his thoroughly international approach. He advises corporate and private clients, as well as states.

第三等 |

THE FIRM One of the few Nordic firms with a truly international arbitration practice, Mannheimer Swartling continues to be one of the leading civil law firms in Europe. Sources point to the group's dynamic and innovative approach, as well as its phenomenal depth of technical expertise. Its industry focus is broad, covering major sectors like energy, finance and real estate, as well as shipping, transportation, life sciences and media. The firm recently acted for an international mobile carrier on a USD728 million ICDR arbitration, concerning allegations of breached agreements in a 2003 M&A transaction. 

Sources say: “Extremely impressive.”  

KEY INDIVIDUALS Kaj Hobér is universally regarded as one of the top figures in the European arbitration market, and remains the driving force behind the firm's practice. Best known for his work in Russian cases, he is highly regarded for his expertise in energy and natural resources cases.

Band 4 | CMS

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THE FIRM The arbitration group at CMS remains active in the UK, Germany, Austria and the Netherlands, and has experienced an influx of work to its Lisbon office off the back of several Brazil-related cases. It works across a broad range of industry sectors, and is particularly well known for its coverage of energy, construction, insurance, finance and TMT disputes. Particularly strong in CEE, the firm generates a tremendous workload as a result of the scope of its European network. The team recently acted for Viva Telecom Bulgaria against Advent International on a claim for payment under a clawback agreement.

KEY INDIVIDUALS According to sources,  Klaus Michael Sachs  is “definitely one of the top ten arbitrators in the world” for commercial and investment treaty arbitrations. A defining force in the market and a “highly respected” individual, he continues to act as both counsel and arbitrator on numerous high-profile cases.

Based in the firm's Cologne office, Torsten Lörcher represents clients in both domestic and international arbitrations, focusing on M&A, engineering, technology and commercial disputes.

第四等 |

THE FIRM Covington & Burling maintains a key position in the European market, with its London-based team handling a steady stream of international commercial and investment treaty disputes. The team stands out for its expertise in insurance arbitration and its exclusive representation of corporate policyholders in major insurance coverage arbitrations. It is also well equipped to handle significant investment disputes and recently worked with Debevoise & Plimpton in representing Occidental Exploration and Production Company and Occidental Petroleum Corporation in a multibillion-dollar ICSID arbitration against the Republic of Ecuador.

Sources say: "The group operates well as an integrated team and demonstrates good commercial awareness."

KEY INDIVIDUALS London-based Stephen Bond is a senior figure in the team with extensive experience in representing clients from Russia and Eastern European. "He's really the guy to go to – extremely knowledgeable about the arbitral process and a very personable and extremely hands-on strategic thinker," say sources.

第四等 |

THE FIRM This highly regarded US firm makes a debut in the rankings this year following widespread recognition of its growing arbitration practice and increased presence in the European market. The practice has traditionally been admired for its outstanding investor-state and state-to-state arbitration offering, but is increasingly recognised for its commercial arbitration work. Notably, the team currently acts for Suzuki on its dispute with Volkswagen concerning a multibillion-euro cross shareholding following the breakdown of its commercial alliance. Other key clients include GlaxoSmithKline, Barrick Gold, Renaissance Capital and Groupe Loret.

KEY INDIVIDUALS Peter Goldsmith QC is a venerated figure in the international field and leads the firm's European and Asian disputes practice. He wins plaudits for his tremendous advocacy skills and "is certainly one of the most exceptional lawyers of our generation," adds a commentator.

Sophie Lamb is a highly rated partner who works closely alongside Goldsmith in a number of arbitrations. Clients are very impressed with her, saying: "She is an exceptional lawyer, highly dedicated, and completely committed to her work." 

Band 4 | Dechert LLP

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THE FIRM This US firm's strength in the European market is demonstrated by its highly rated Paris office, which has built a strong reputation for commercial and investment treaty disputes. The team is particularly popular in Latin America and offers a wide spectrum of expertise including energy, construction, telecommunications and post-M&A disputes. It is also widely recognised for representing states and state entities, and currently acts for the Republic of Ecuador on various ICSID arbitrations. The team also acts for long-standing client France Telecom on its disputes.

KEY INDIVIDUALS Pierre Mayer is an influential figure in the firm and a highly respected practitioner in the market. "He is one of the smartest people in the market," according to sources, and is increasingly sought as an arbitrator.

Eduardo Silva Romero is another important member of the team. He is particularly well known in the Latin American and Spanish markets, and specialises in international disputes involving state-owned entities and governments.

Band 4 | Homburger

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THE FIRM Despite having just one office – in Zürich – Homburger punches well above its weight when it comes to international arbitration matters. Its strong pedigree in the field, coupled with its fine reputation for technical prowess, makes it an extremely popular choice amongst both states and private investors. Known for its work in technically demanding cases, the team focuses on commercial arbitration and has particular strength in the finance, engineering, construction, telecoms and life sciences spheres. Clients include Zurich Insurance Group, Alpiq Holding and Novartis Pharma.

KEY INDIVIDUALS Senior partner Markus Wirth is one of the most experienced international arbitration specialists in the market. Following a remarkable career as counsel, he now operates exclusively as an arbitrator in a range of commercial disputes.

Balz Gross is recommended for his robust approach, born of his experience as both a litigator and arbitration counsel. Sources highly recommend his responsive and client-oriented service.

Band 4 | Jones Day

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THE FIRM This firm's solid European arbitration practice operates mainly out of its office in Paris but is supported by dedicated arbitration counsels in London, Madrid, Moscow, Frankfurt and Düsseldorf. The recent hire of an experienced arbitration counsel in its Paris office further bolsters its offering in the region. Recent highlights include successfully obtaining an award of over EUR40 million for CEMEX in an ICC arbitration against Strabag, the largest construction group in Austria, arising out of the failure of a planned sale of assets. 

KEY INDIVIDUALS In Paris, Michael Bühler is the leading force of the firm's European arbitration practice and is widely recognised for his expertise in construction law. Sources describe him as "a gentleman and a scholar who knows how to make clients confident, has complete control, and is very good at understanding the big picture."

第四等 |

THE FIRM This highly rated US firm has a strong arbitration offering in the European market, centred on its London office and ably supported by teams based in Paris, Hamburg, Frankfurt and Madrid. Energy and construction disputes are core areas of strength within the team, and it also has extensive experience in international investment arbitrations under the Energy Charter Treaty. Recently, a team of lawyers from its London, Hamburg and Washington, DC offices successfully defended the Republic of Macedonia in an ICSID arbitration brought by Swisslion DOO Skopje, with claims of over EUR21 million in damages.

KEY INDIVIDUALS Philip Clifford chairs the firm's London litigation and international arbitration group and has established a strong reputation in the market, particularly in the oil and gas sector. "I would really recommend him – he's a very good practitioner with extremely good analytical skills," says a client.

Band 4 | Python & Peter

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THE FIRM With offices in Japan and Belgium, in addition to four in its native Switzerland, Python & Peter is one of the top civil law firms in Europe. Comprised of 15 partners and associates, the team regularly advises clients under ICC, LCIA, SCC, WTO, UNCITRAL, ICSID and Court of Arbitration for Sport rules, as well as in ad hoc arbitrations. Its coverage is broad and extends from construction, finance, TMT and corporate disputes to sports contracts, competition and energy. Sources praise the international approach of its lawyers, as well as the quality of the firm's client service. 

KEY INDIVIDUALS Wolfgang Peter is an “extremely sharp and intelligent” lawyer, best known for serving as arbitrator in numerous commercial and investor-state cases. His practice covers M&A and corporate law, as well as banking and finance, and international trade.

In addition to his acknowledged strength in international arbitration, Pierre-Yves Gunter is roundly considered to be one of the top TMT experts in the Swiss market.

第四等 |

THE FIRM This firm has one of the most experienced international arbitration practices in Switzerland, and its depth of knowledge means it is often appointed in cases of major international significance. Comprised of 11 partners and 21 associates, the team is drawn from a diverse range of nationalities and legal backgrounds, allowing it to advise on a broad range of highly technical subjects. The firm has substantial experience of advising under all major arbitration rules, and its clients include Novartis, UBS and Ernst & Young.

KEY INDIVIDUALS The "brilliant” Elliott Geisinger is praised for his ability to maintain a “very international perspective.” He has acted as both counsel and arbitrator in a variety of commercial disputes, including those related to joint ventures, sales and distribution contracts, and construction contracts.

第四等 |

THE FIRM This firm's strong European reputation is built upon its excellent London team, which works on a vast number of high-profile arbitration matters across the continent. Its solid standing in Europe is furthered still by its offices in Paris and Moscow, and it represents clients in a variety of arbitration proceedings that cover sectors such as manufacturing, telecommunications, life sciences and pharmaceuticals. Significant work highlights include acting for the AAR Consortium on its dispute with BP regarding the oil company's attempt to form a strategic alliance with Rosneft for the exploration of oil in the Arctic Circle.

Sources say: "It has a great team in London."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Karyl Nairn has an illustrious reputation in the market and is a leading figure of the team in London. She routinely acts for European governments and corporates from a wide range of industries in international commercial disputes and investment treaty arbitrations.

David Kavanagh is a distinguished practitioner who is regularly involved in major arbitrations in London, Paris, Geneva, Vienna, The Hague, Zürich and Stockholm. Sources say: "He is the paradigm of a perfect arbitration lawyer; he combines an outstanding work ethic, is unbelievably hard-working, and treats his team like his family."

Other Ranked Lawyers 其他上榜律师

Claes Lundblad of Roschier has developed a phenomenal reputation in Sweden and Europe for his litigation and arbitration skills. He has acted as both counsel and arbitrator under a variety of rules, including ICC, SCC, AAA and UNCITRAL.

Claes Zettermarck of Advokatfirman Lundblad & Zettermarck HB 

Andreas Bucher of Université de Genève is a leading expert in Swiss and international law, and is widely held to be one of the top arbitrators in Europe.

Juan Fernández-Armesto of Armesto & Asociados has significant expertise in both construction and commercial arbitrations, as well as investment treaty cases.

Particularly noted for his expertise in construction and engineering matters, Andreas Reiner of ARP Andreas Reiner & Partners is a highly respected arbitrator and mediator.

Ronnie King heads Ashurst's international arbitration group from his London base. He works with a variety of clients, but is best known for his knowledge of the power, oil and gas and insurance sectors.

University professor and founding partner Bernardo M Cremades of B Cremades y Asociados is an “extremely effective” arbitrator, say interviewees. His practice centres on commercial and investment treaty arbitrations, and he also has substantial transactional expertise.

Jay Alexander is co-chair of Baker Botts UK LLP's international arbitration and dispute resolution group. He brings to the table over 25 years of experience in handling international disputes and is described by sources as a "consummate advocate; his skills are very clear, he is extremely smart and he has a pleasant demeanour."

Daniel Hochstrasser heads the arbitration practice at Bär & Karrer AG and focuses on disputes relating to M&A, infrastructure projects, finance and pharmaceuticals. In addition to serving corporate clients as counsel, he is often appointed as arbitrator in Switzerland and internationally.

Based in Milan, Antonio Crivellaro of Bonelli Erede Pappalardo predominantly sits as arbitrator in cases relating to construction contracts, foreign investment and international commercial contracts.

At Brick Court Chambers, Hilary Heilbron QC has acted as counsel and arbitrator in a number of high-profile, political arbitrations including, most recently, that of the English enforcement of an ICC award rendered in Paris. Her wide-ranging expertise is universally acknowledged, and she typically acts under ICC, LCIA and ICDR rules, as well as ad hoc appointments.

Lord Hoffmann QC of Brick Court Chambers has a wide-ranging portfolio featuring many commercial and property disputes before the ICC and SCC.

Alexis Mourre of Castaldi Mourre & Partners is a leading expert in the French international arbitration market, and his academic credentials and excellent reputation make him one of the most visible and respected practitioners around.

At Baker Botts, Dominic Pellew impresses clients, who say: "He has exceptionally good analytical skills and a very strong and unique ability to develop a litigation strategy that works, and delivers a good result for the clients." He splits his time between the London and Moscow offices and is a popular choice for his fluency in French, English and Russian.

Since publication, Dominic Pellew has joined Dentons

Yves Derains of Derains & Gharavi enjoys a flourishing global practice, and is repeatedly noted for his terrific knowledge of Latin American arbitrations. As well as acting as both counsel and arbitrator in commercial cases, he also advises on investment treaty matters.

Acting as counsel and arbitrator, Hamid G Gharavi of Derains & Gharavi has been involved in investment treaty and commercial arbitrations under civil, common and Islamic law.

Sole practitioner Karl-Heinz Böckstiegel is an arbitrator of “impressive experience and intelligence,” say sources. One of the most popular individuals in the field, he has sat under all major arbitration rules around the world.

Ian Glick QC of One Essex Court is a prominent public figure and a greatly sought arbitrator. He is an expert in the oil and gas and power sectors.

Alan Redfern of One Essex Court is one of the most popular arbitrators in London, and his global experience sees him frequently involved in matters of great political and economic significance.

Toby Landau QC of Essex Court Chambers is an “extremely effective and hard-working” practitioner, say commentators. Highly sought for his advocacy skills, he also regularly sits as an arbitrator.

With experience dating back 40 years, V V Veeder QC of Essex Court Chambers is one of the top arbitrators in the world. His practice focuses on commercial law and international trade, and he frequently appears before courts in Asia, Europe and the USA.

David A R Williams QC of Essex Court Chambers is a globally renowned practitioner who is particularly recognised for his activity in Asia-related cases. As well as a buoyant commercial practice, he has also served as arbitrator in numerous investment treaty disputes.

Charles Brower of 20 Essex Street has been practising for nearly 50 years, during which time he has primarily concentrated on public international law and international commercial arbitration. His glittering career includes a stint as principal international lawyer for the United States government.

William J Rowley QC of 20 Essex Street is regularly appointed arbitrator in international commercial disputes, and is also acknowledged for his considerable expertise in competition law.

At 20 Essex Street, David Sutton has enjoyed a long career acting as counsel, and more recently as arbitrator, in high-profile commercial disputes. His expertise is particularly pronounced in banking, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals and projects.

Rudolf Fiebinger is a founding partner at Fiebinger, Polak, Leon & Partners who enjoys a fine reputation for his work, both as arbitrator and counsel. His language skills and broad experience contribute greatly to his strongly European practice.

Christer Danielsson of Frank Advokatbyrå AB joins the Europe-wide list of arbitrators after widespread feedback attesting to his market visibility and technical prowess. Most often sitting as arbitrator, he also represents large corporations as counsel.

Karl-Erik Danielsson of Gernandt & Danielsson Advokatbyrå KB is one of the most deeply respected figures in the market, and his expertise in common law cases is widely admired.

Bernard Hanotiau of Hanotiau & Van den Berg has been involved in more than 350 international arbitrations, acting as counsel, arbitrator, chairman and expert. His vast experience in commercial cases is also informed by his professorship at the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium.

Albert Jan Van den Berg of Hanotiau & Van den Berg is praised by sources for the exceptional clarity of his advice. He possesses an incredible depth of experience, having sat under all major arbitration rules, including ICC, LCIA, NAFTA, SCC, AAA, SIAC and UNCITRAL.

Though he occasionally acts as counsel, Peter Heckel of Hengeler Mueller is most often acknowledged for his abilities as an arbitrator. He is highlighted by sources for his sharp analytical skills.

José Rosell co-chairs the arbitration practice of Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP and is based in the Paris office. He has extensive experience of handling both commercial and investment treaty disputes.

Jeffrey M Hertzfeld of Jeffrey Hertzfeld - Sole practitioner 

John Uff QC of Keating Chambers is one of the top UK arbitrators in Europe, and his practice also extends around the globe. Originally trained as an engineer, he has particular expertise in construction and engineering disputes.

Former head of Chambers at 3 Essex Court, Kenneth Rokison QC now acts solely as an arbitrator. With substantial experience dating back more than 40 years, he is described as a “quick and efficient arbitrator who gets to the point.”

Paris-based Eric Schwartz of King & Spalding is able to draw on over 30 years of experience handling international arbitration proceedings across Europe. He specialises in major infrastructure projects, oil and gas and telecoms. He is also a highly sought arbitrator.

Xavier Favre-Bulle of Lenz & Staehelin enters the rankings having earned praise from market sources. He is predominantly highlighted for his advocacy work, but more recently he has been regularly appointed as an arbitrator in commercial arbitrations.

Gabrielle Kaufmann-Kohler of Lévy Kaufmann-Kohler is “just tremendous,” say market sources, who highlight her ability to run an arbitration with “immense skill and charm." Predominantly sitting as arbitrator, her practice focuses on international commercial cases.

Laurent Lévy of Lévy Kaufmann-Kohler comes highly recommended as a “great arbitrator." He specialises in commercial arbitration, particularly in the oil and gas, corporate and banking sectors.

Top Swedish arbitrator Bo G H Nilsson of Advokatfirman Lindahl enjoys a fine reputation across the European market, and is regularly appointed to high-value commercial cases.

Françoise Lefèvre of Linklaters covers litigation and domestic and international arbitration, and has developed significant expertise in construction law, banking law and regulatory investigations.

Matthieu de Boisséson of Darrois Villey Maillot Brochier is generally held to be “one of the best arbitration lawyers in the world.” Widely admired for his advocacy skills, he regularly works with French blue-chip clients.

James Crawford SC of Matrix Chambers enjoys a phenomenal reputation for his public international law practice, and is universally considered to be one of the top arbitration specialists in the world. A professor at Cambridge University, he has authored numerous books and is currently on the ICSID panel of arbitrators.

Patricia Nacimiento is a partner in Norton Rose LLP's German office who acts on both litigation and arbitration. In addition to her terrific commercial practice, she also represents both states and investors in BIT cases.

Siegfried Elsing is resident in Orrick Hölters & Elsing's Düsseldorf office, and commands more than 30 years of experience in both litigation and arbitration in Germany and internationally. Today he is known mostly for his work as an arbitrator, but he also appears regularly as a legal expert witness in the UK, the USA and Germany.

Charles Kaplan joined Orrick Rambaud Martel in May 2013. He focuses on disputes in the energy, construction and engineering industries, as well as political risk insurance. He is regularly appointed as both arbitrator and counsel in prominent international cases

Stephen Jagusch recently left Allen & Overy to join Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP in London. He maintains his top-tier position, with sources describing him as "an eminent practitioner."

Philippe Pinsolle joined Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan from Shearman & Sterling in early 2013. He is highly respected for his work relating to commercial and investor-state arbitrations, which includes industries such as oil and gas, construction and defence.

One of the top arbitrators and litigators in Austria, Gerold Zeiler of Schönherr continues to grow in stature across the European market.

Lars Edlund was recently appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court of Sweden, following a 30-year career acting as both arbitrator and counsel in international commercial arbitrations.

Pierre-Yves Tschanz of Tavernier Tschanz is a hugely experienced arbitrator and counsel who is frequently instructed in both civil and common law cases.  

With particular expertise in foreign investment disputes, Eric Teynier of Teynier, Pic & Associés has garnered considerable experience before an array of arbitration tribunals.

London-based Constantine Partasides QC recently left Freshfields to become a founding member of boutique firm Three Crowns LLP. Much admired for his eloquent advocacy skills, Partasides is one of the most popular choices as counsel amongst international corporations. He is particularly highlighted for his representation of oil majors.

London-based Gaëtan Verhoosel recently left Covington & Burling to establish arbitration boutique Three Crowns LLP. He is able to handle arbitrations in English, Spanish and French, making him a popular choice for arbitrations in a wide variety of jurisdictions. His broad practice encompasses both commercial and investment treaty arbitrations.

Piero Bernardini of Ughi e Nunziante - Studio Legale is an experienced arbitrator and commercial law expert, with substantial experience of the oil and gas sector. He has sat in numerous arbitrations under Italian Arbitration Association (AIA), ICC, ICSID and UNCITRAL rules.

Pierre Tercier of Université de Fribourg has been active on a number of large commercial arbitrations recently, and gains recommendations from market sources for his reasoned approach.

Brigitte Stern is an “extremely prestigious professor" at the Université de Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne) and remains best known for her work in investor-state disputes, where she is regularly appointed by the state.

Bernard Audit of Université de Paris II (Panthéon-Assas) attracts considerable praise from sources for his balanced and forthright approach. He has recently sat as arbitrator in a variety of energy cases, relating to both oil and gas and renewables.

Ibrahim Fadlallah of Université de Paris X (Nanterre) remains an active presence in the French and European arbitration market, regularly acting as arbitrator under ICC, ICSID and French Arbitration Association (AFA) rules, as well as ad hoc appointments.

A true heavyweight of commercial arbitration, sole practitioner Jan Paulsson has advised on hundreds of arbitrations under ICC, LCIA, ICSID, UNCITRAL and American Arbitration Association (AAA) rules, and is regularly appointed as counsel or arbitrator in some of the most important cases in the world. Paulsson retired as a partner at Freshfields in March 2013 and will work with the firm on a consultancy basis.

Christer Söderlund of Advokatfirman Vinge KB remains one of the top arbitrators for cases related to Russia and the CIS.

At Volterra Fietta, Stephen Fietta regularly advises governments, private clients and international organisations on a range of arbitration matters. His primary focus is on public international law, and he attracts significant praise for his sharp and detailed analysis.

Robert Volterra recently established Volterra Fietta after a hugely successful career with Latham & Watkins. One of the top public international law experts in the world, he also enjoys a strong bilateral investment treaty and commercial arbitration practice.

In London, Juliet Blanch leads the international dispute resolution practice at Weil, Gotshal & Manges and enjoys a very strong reputation for her expertise in the energy sector. Sources add that "her real love and expertise is arbitration and she is a joy to work with; she has fantastic judgement, is very sharp and knows exactly what matters and what doesn't."

Recently promoted to partner, Florian Haugeneder of Wolf Theiss is an up-and-coming Austrian lawyer, who comes recommended for his academic prowess.

Christoph Liebscher is a partner in the infrastructure and energy group at Wolf Theiss and head of the firm's arbitration practice. Possessing impressive oral advocacy skills, he regularly advises international corporations on prominent and high-value disputes.  

Foreign Experts

Foreign Experts are individuals with expertise in a different jurisdiction to the one they are based in. These individuals are particularly highly regarded for international and cross-border work. Usually, they will be identified in the jurisdiction in which they are based and in their country of expertise.