International Arbitration

International Arbitration - Nationwide


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THE FIRM The international arbitration group at Debevoise enjoys impressive levels of success in its commercial and investment treaty arbitration practice. The practice is held in the highest regard by clients and peers alike for its depth of knowledge and strong global reach. The talented team obtained a $1.77 billion award plus interest on behalf of Occidental, which was seeking damages against the Republic of Ecuador, in one of the most high-profile ICSID arbitrations of recent times. It also counts Tethyan Copper, Perenco and ExxonMobil among its distinguished client base.

Client Service "The work product is stellar: the team is incredibly attentive, works with a common-sense approach and is extremely helpful in dealing with legal and political strategies. Top of the heap - first-class."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Donald Francis Donovan maintains a preeminent reputation as an arbitrator and advocate, and is described by market sources as "extremely knowledgeable" and "hands-on, accessible, client-friendly and extremely hard-working." 

Dietmar Prager enters the rankings backed by significant praise for his expertise in Latin America-based work, with sources claiming: "In the near future he will be one of the best lawyers working with matters involving Brazil." Clients speak highly of his qualities, saying: "He's dynamic, intelligent, accessible and knowledgeable." 

David Rivkin has extensive experience in serving as counsel and arbitrator, and demonstrates a particular aptitude for complex, high-stakes disputes. Sources report: "He has a huge presence in the courtroom and his advocacy skills are without parallel." He was lead partner on the aforementioned matter for Occidental.

Mark Friedman has an impressive track record of success as an advocate, with his representation of Perenco Ecuador in a $3.5 billion ICSID arbitration against Ecuador being among his recent highlights. He elicits praise for his "in-depth knowledge of disputes and corporate and commercial issues," and is also commended for "implementing strategies in the most efficient, top-quality way." 

Catherine Amirfar particularly impresses clients with her cross-examination skills. She recently began representing Grupo Diniz in an ICC arbitration. She is praised for her "very proactive and experienced" approach to matters.  

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THE FIRM With established US bases in New York and DC, this excellent practice is regarded by clients as a first choice for both commercial and investor-state disputes. Equipped with great strength in numbers and plentiful global resources, the group has the breadth and depth required of a market leader. It recently secured a major victory for the Republic of Guatemala in an ICSID arbitration brought by Iberdrola Energía, in which the tribunal rejected the Spanish company's claim and ordered it to reimburse the $5.3 million cost of the proceedings to the Republic. The team also works for investors, and notably represented Crystallex International in $3.2 billion arbitration against Venezuela concerning one of the world's largest untapped gold mines. 

Sources say: "The team is well organized and offers very good advice and recommendations."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Nigel Blackaby is widely renowned for his extensive work in the energy sector and in disputes involving Latin America. Sources single out his imaginative ability when it comes to preparing strategy and arguments. Blackaby is currently representing Burlington Resources in an ICSID arbitration against Ecuador. 

Brian King elicits much praise for his work as an advocate and arbitrator. "He possesses a great understanding of how to prepare for an arbitration," report commentators. He is currently representing ConocoPhillips in a number of significant arbitrations.

Alexander Yanos is particularly recognized for his impressive investment treaty practice, while still offering expertise across a broad spread of arbitration disputes. He played a leading role in the aforementioned matter for Burlington Resources, alongside Nigel Blackaby. Yanos also counts National Grid and BG Group among his key clients.

Rising star Noiana Paula Marigo is a new entry to the table, and centers her practice on arbitrations involving Latin America. She formed part of the team that acted for the Republic of Guatemala in the aforementioned ICSID arbitration.  

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THE FIRM This leading international arbitration practice has a strong track record of success in investor-state arbitrations, representing both investors and states. The highly esteemed practitioners have a breadth and depth of knowledge across a range of industry sectors, including energy, transportation and financial services, and they have particular expertise in complex international arbitration relating to the construction arena. Recent highlights include achieving a landmark $58 million award for Société Générale de Surveillance (SGS) against the Republic of Paraguay. The team also acted for Gold Reserve in a $2 billion ICSID arbitration against Venezuela.

Sources say: "A good, strong firm."

KEY INDIVIDUALS The "terrific" Carolyn Lamm is recognized by clients and peers alike as "one of the best international arbitrators in the world." She acts as both advocate and arbitrator. Recent highlights include representing thousands of Italian claimants in a $1.3 billion ICSID arbitration against the Argentine Republic. She is also representing the Republic of the Philippines in three separate arbitrations. 

The "very smart, knowledgeable, calm and detail-oriented" Paul Friedland is similarly highly regarded for his abilities as both an arbitrator and an advocate. He led on the aforementioned matter for SGS, and handles both investment treaty and commercial disputes.

Abby Cohen Smutny is well versed in both commercial and investment treaty arbitrations. She is currently handling a number of arbitrations for the Republic of Bulgaria and, alongside Darryl Lew, handled the $2 billion ICSID arbitration for Gold Reserve mentioned above. Lew remains an integral and much-respected member of the international arbitration team.

"Great lawyer" Ank Santens is tipped by market sources as a "future leader of the profession," and is currently involved in a number of matters for key clients of the firm. She handles investment treaty and commercial arbitrations with equal aplomb. 

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THE FIRM This hugely experienced group is held in high regard for its expertise in both investment treaty arbitrations and commercial arbitrations. The talented practitioners handle disputes across a wide range of areas, demonstrating a notable breadth of arbitration capabilities. The team offers particular expertise in representing sovereign states, with recent clients on this side including the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica and Hungary. The group has also earned notable respect for its strength in Latin America-related matters. 

Sources say: "The team was extremely professional, fast and accurate. It was able to dive in to the details of very complex cases." 

KEY INDIVIDUALS Paolo Di Rosa heads the firm's international arbitration group, and is highly regarded for his extensive experience in dealing with disputes relating to Latin America. Clients state that "he is well prepared and articulate," and praise his cross-examination capabilities. His recent work includes obtaining a $202 million award for EDF International, SAUR International and León Participaciones in an ICSID arbitration brought against Argentina. 

Jean Kalicki is a celebrated presence in the market who is "creative and business-minded," and has "great presence before a tribunal," according to sources. She continues to represent the Republic of Hungary in a number of arbitrations, including an Energy Charter Treaty case involving a $700 million claim.

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THE FIRM This diverse practice maintains a balanced docket of commercial and investor-state cases spanning a range of industries. The truly integrated practice has dealt with disputes involving parties from a broad spread of jurisdictions, including Latin America, Europe and the Middle East. Its impressive client roster includes ExxonMobil and former Asian Football Confederation president Mohamed Bin Hammam. The team recently achieved a significant victory in its representation of the Spanish investors in YUKOS in an arbitration brought against Russia.

Commercial Awareness "The group operates well as an integrated team, and provides responsive and fulsome advice. They have a deep understanding of the international law principles that apply to cases and a more general awareness of the issues that tend to drive such disputes and their resolution."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Eugene Gulland draws upon his extensive litigation experience when conducting commercial and investment treaty arbitrations. He is described as "an outstanding strategist who sees angles and arguments others miss." Recent highlights include reversing the lifetime soccer ban given by FIFA to former Asian Football Confederation president Mohamed Bin Hammam.

Marney Cheek is rapidly gaining an impressive track record in the market after forming part of the team that acted on behalf of Spanish investors in YUKOS, as described above. She also represented Metal-Tech in a bilateral investment treaty (BIT) claim against Uzbekistan.

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THE FIRM Hughes Hubbard & Reed works across a diverse range of industries, representing clients in both commercial and investment treaty arbitrations. The firm acts for an impressive and varied client roster, including Forest Laboratories, Suzlon Energy and RosInvestCo UK. The team successfully defended the government of Canada in an LCIA arbitration brought by the USA. The tribunal ruled in the client's favor on every point and rejected the claimant's demand of $500 million in its entirety.  

Sources say: "Every aspect of their case strategy was reflected in the tribunal's award - their advocacy was faultless." 

KEY INDIVIDUALS John Fellas's extensive experience enables him to be "involved in every role imaginable," and he handles cases as both arbitrator and advocate. His recent highlights include appearing in federal court to successfully defend an International Centre for Dispute Resolution (ICDR) award issued in favor of firm client Tele2 Sverige. 

Well established as both an arbitrator and an advocate, Steven Hammond is praised for "providing very good insight into the positioning of arguments - he understands what will work and what won't." He is currently representing Türkiye Petrolleri Anonim Ortakligi in an ICSID arbitration against the Republic of Kazakhstan.

John Townsend is acclaimed for his prominence as an arbitrator and advocate. Sources agree that "his depth of understanding and ability to take a complex case and present a clear, compelling argument are second to none." He recently defended Canada in the LCIA arbitration referred to above.

Christopher Paparella is praised for his "very intelligent and responsive" approach to international arbitration. He chairs the firm's construction law group, and has particular experience in matters related to the energy sector.  

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THE FIRM This well-known firm is held in high regard by market commentators, and maintains a strong bench of practitioners based in key locations across the country. The team remains particularly focused on the energy sector, with a specific emphasis on oil and gas, and handles a mixture of commercial arbitration and investment treaty arbitration. The firm continues to bolster its global presence, offering clients access to an impressive network of attorneys. It continues to represent Chevron in litigation related to its high-profile UNCITRAL arbitration against Ecuador.

Sources say: "They do fabulous work for us in international arbitration, and have really batted a thousand - I can't think of anything where they haven't gotten us success."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Guillermo Aguilar-Alvarez earns praise for his experience in acting as both arbitrator and counsel. Sources describe him as "very well prepared and completely fluent in civil and common law culture." His practice includes advocating under a wide range of arbitral rules in both commercial and investment treaty disputes.

Doak Bishop is the respected co-head of the firm's international arbitration practice and is renowned for his experience as arbitrator and advocate. Clients report that "he has a tremendous instinct for how things work in the arbitration realm - his insight is invaluable."

Fellow practice co-head Edward Kehoe has a diverse practice and handles both commercial and investment treaty arbitrations covering a range of industries. He continues to represent The Renco Group in its $800 million arbitration against Peru held under the UNCITRAL rules.

Craig Miles is experienced across the board in the international arbitration arena, and has particular expertise in energy disputes. Recent highlights include successfully representing Exterran in an ICSID arbitration brought against Venezuela.

Another prominent team member, John Bowman provides expert knowledge on the energy sector, with a specific focus on oil and gas arbitration. 

Harry Burnett is a new addition to the group from Crowell & Moring, and is highly praised for his advocacy skills as an "outstanding litigator." He is experienced in acting as counsel and sitting as arbitrator in a wide range of disputes.

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THE FIRM This reputable firm attracts great praise for the breadth and depth of its international arbitration group, and handles investor-state and commercial disputes with equal aplomb. The group is currently representing Devas Multimedia in two arbitrations against a company completely owned by the government of India. These disputes concern the alleged wrongful cancellation of a highly valuable satellite contract, and total over $2.6 billion in claims. It is also acting for private equity company Castle Harlan in a dispute involving a $225 million fraud claim by a Luxembourg company.

Sources say: "It's a great firm, and gets superior results."

KEY INDIVIDUALS As co-head of the firm's international litigation and arbitration group, John Gardiner has extensive experience in appearing before a wide range of arbitral institutions. Clients report that "he is very analytical and as a result can merge complicated concepts and legal facts into something that makes pragmatic sense." 

Julie Bédard has a distinguished reputation within the international arbitration community, and offers particular experience in investor-state arbitrations. She is currently representing Gambrinus in a $150 million ICSID arbitration against Venezuela.

Timothy Nelson has significant experience in handling international arbitration and litigation on behalf of a wide range of clients. "He is always very well prepared and demonstrates great pragmatism and experience," according to impressed clients. His current clients include Devas Multimedia and Gambrinus.

Barry Garfinkel is held in extremely high regard for his extensive experience serving both as a party-nominated arbitrator and as chairman in arbitrations held under the auspices of a wide range of institutions.

Band 2 | WilmerHale

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THE FIRM This group is staffed with the highest caliber of advocates, including an impressive team entirely dedicated to international arbitration matters. The US-based practice is closely integrated with international offices in London and other key locations across the globe, giving clients access to a rich pool of lawyers with a range of expertise. The group is experienced in handling both commercial and investment treaty arbitrations, and is making efforts to grow the latter practice.

Sources say: "They are very smart people who are very knowledgeable about the rules and procedures of international arbitration."

KEY INDIVIDUALS A new addition to the New York office, James Carter brings extensive experience serving as counsel and has an internationally recognized reputation as a leading arbitrator. "He is one of the leading international arbitrators and would always be at the top of my list," states one impressed commentator.

John Pierce is celebrated by sources for his commercial awareness: "He's very practical in terms of advice - it's not just legal advice. He takes into consideration a wider set of risks that may be applicable, such as long-term costs." He splits his time between the firm's London and New York offices.

Rachael Kent is vice chair of the firm's international arbitration practice. She focuses on both investment treaty and commercial disputes, and impresses sources with the "great judgment" and dedication she shows when handling a wide range of matters. 

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THE FIRM This leading firm continues to conduct challenging, high-value commercial and investment treaty arbitrations. The scope of the practice is impressive, with practitioners acting for respondents and claimants across a wide range of industries. The US-based team is split between offices in Washington, DC and Houston, and coordinates closely with the firm's foreign offices. Its client base reflects the breadth of the team's expertise, and includes Sangatta Holdings, Kia Motors and the Russian Federation.

Sources say: "It is a strong and disciplined team of professional lawyers with branch offices all over the world, giving it a wide scope and a strong network of local professionals." 

KEY INDIVIDUALS Michael Goldberg cochairs the international arbitration and dispute resolution practice, and has long-standing experience in the field. Sources praise "his ability to analyze issues in multiple jurisdictions." He offers expertise in acting as counsel and arbitrator in a wide range of disputes.

Jennifer Smith focuses on commercial arbitration and is praised as being "very bright, hard-working and well organized." She is currently involved in a number of arbitrations relating to the energy and technology industries.

Michael Lennon is highly respected as "the consummate professional – he's always reachable, very patient and understanding, full of good ideas and knows exactly how to handle all the parties on a case." He offers particular expertise in disputes involving the energy sector.

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THE FIRM This flourishing firm continues to bolster its global strength by recently opening additional offices in South Korea, Abu Dhabi and Brazil. The prominent group is held in high esteem for its strong investment treaty and commercial arbitration practices, and clients especially appreciate its commercial awareness. The group's significant client roster includes several sovereign states and companies across the globe. Notable highlights include representing the Russian Federation in three parallel UNCITRAL arbitrations brought by former shareholders of YUKOS, with damages claims surpassing $100 billion. 

Commercial Awareness "All the lawyers possess great knowledge of international arbitration and the law in many different countries. They focus not only on the legal aspects of the arbitration but also on the business aspects, providing a valuable business-oriented solution."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Jeffrey Rosenthal offers extensive experience in handling a range of complex arbitrations, and recently represented Citigroup Financial Products in an ICC arbitration regarding its purchase of a EUR2 billion portfolio of German loans from Eurohypo. Commentators acknowledge that "he is very diligent and a pleasure to work with." 

Howard Zelbo has a varied portfolio of investor-state and commercial arbitrations, and also handles commercial litigation. He is part of the team serving as counsel to the Argentine Republic in a multibillion-dollar ICSID arbitration brought by bondholders under the Argentina-Italy BIT.

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THE FIRM This international arbitration powerhouse has built a renowned practice on a solid foundation of experience within the energy industry. The dynamic group is held in high regard for its creative and flexible approach to disputes, and specializes in both investment treaty and commercial arbitration. The firm acts for a diverse cross-section of clients, including Baker Hughes, ConocoPhillips, YUKOS and Noble Energy.  

Sources say: "The group has a deep bench full of world-class advocates."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Mark Baker is an undeniable force in the international arbitration arena, bringing a great depth of knowledge and expertise to his work as advocate and arbitrator. Sources single him out as "a very thoughtful, talented attorney who knows his business and provides precise legal and strategic advice."

Aníbal Sabater handles a wide range of investor-state and commercial arbitrations in his respected practice, and is equally adept at advocating in Spanish and English."He really takes an interest in matters which affect our company," say appreciative clients.

Kevin O'Gorman is praised as "one of the most client-focused lawyers out there," and "does a good job anticipating things that might arise in the future." His arbitration practice is enhanced by his expertise in the energy arena.

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THE FIRM The heart of Sidley Austin's US-based international arbitration practice rests in Washington, DC, but it draws strength from an impressive network of offices across the globe. The celebrated group has a successful investment treaty practice, evidenced by its continued representation of the Republic of Peru in two ICSID arbitrations, one of which involves defending against a $2.5 billion claim regarding coastal properties. The team also conducts commercial arbitrations, most recently involving Korean, Russian and Latin American companies.  

Sources say: "They are experts in the field. They understand the process, the issues, the players and how to win." 

KEY INDIVIDUALS Stanimir Alexandrov has an excellent reputation for his impressive investment treaty expertise. He represents both investors and states, and also handles complex commercial arbitrations. He is recognized as having "tremendous experience and unique insights specific to international arbitration that have proven invaluable."

Louis Kimmelman recently joined the team from Allen & Overy. Kimmelman is an "outstanding advocate" who is respected by market sources for his extensive experience across the board in international arbitration. He is described as a "really practical attorney" whose strategic approach is particularly appreciated by clients.

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THE FIRM Simpson Thacher has an impressive bench of distinguished litigators with extensive arbitration experience in both investor-state and commercial disputes. It also attracts clients through its strong insurance and reinsurance arbitration practice, and its notable presence in several key jurisdictions across the globe. Recent highlights include successfully opposing the enforcement of a $55 million ICC arbitration award levied against its client MatlinPatterson.

Sources say: "They have won every case that they have handled for us, even cases that others had deemed unwinnable."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Robert Smit maintains his position as a key player in the arbitration world. He is recognized as a "master strategist" who regularly takes on disputes both as advocate and arbitrator. According to interviewees, "he is absolutely brilliant as an advocate as he understands his clients' needs and sensitivities." 

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THE FIRM This boutique firm is well respected within the international arbitration market for its specialized litigation and arbitration practice. It acts for an impressive range of clients attracted by the team's extensive experience and adaptability. Having traditionally focused solely on commercial arbitration, in recent years the firm's investor-state practice has been growing rapidly. The group also has a stellar reputation for its work involving Latin America-related disputes. 

Sources say: "Their work quality and expertise are second to none. Plus their rates are very competitive." "They are highly customer-oriented."

KEY INDIVIDUALS José Astigarraga has a wealth of experience within the international arbitration domain and receives abundant praise for his consistent level of excellence. Sources describe him as "a highly recognized and respected professional who is respectful of his clients, and sharp when it comes to strategy."

Cristina Cárdenas is increasingly recognized for her dedication to international arbitration and litigation, and is praised by clients for her ability to "know every single piece of detailed information on the dispute."

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THE FIRM This large, well-connected group has traditionally focused on commercial arbitrations but has been strengthening its investment treaty practice in recent years. With nationwide resources across multiple US offices and a highly reputed global reach, Baker & McKenzie is well equipped to resolve international disputes. For example, lawyers from offices in New York, Chicago and Brazil worked seamlessly together to successfully represent Petrobras in an ad hoc arbitration against Kellogg Brown & Root LLC. The team is active in a range of sectors, including energy, engineering and construction, and other commercial areas.

Sources say: "They have lots of international offices and good resources, so they can provide advice in countries we start working in. Their network is very wide."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Grant Hanessian is "well respected and focused in this field," and is "very experienced, hugely knowledgeable and effective," according to interviewees. He is applauded for his expertise in both sitting as an arbitrator and serving as counsel in a wide range of disputes. Recent highlights include the victory for Petrobras referred to above.

David Zaslowsky is praised for his experience in acting in both arbitration and litigation. He has a particular focus on commercial arbitration, and sources note that "he is excellent on his feet."

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THE FIRM This group houses an impressive group of experienced practitioners. The team deals with both commercial and investment treaty arbitrations, and is held in particularly high regard for its adaptability and strategic approach. The group's growing global footprint enables it to handle matters involving parties from areas such as Asia and Latin America. It recently represented St. Paul Reinsurance in its attempts to recover unpaid losses of $275 million in a dispute with Scandinavian Reinsurance. Other clients include AES, Enel and Bechtel.

Client Service "They are always well prepared and provided us with real and specific answers to our numerous questions. They also kept us informed all the time and were responsive to our inquiries."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Mark Beckett is a recent addition to the practice, arriving from Latham & Watkins in late 2012. He is experienced in handling both investment treaty and commercial disputes. He is "extremely bright and hard-working," with "excellent rhetorical skills and a thorough approach to research." 

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THE FIRM This New York-based boutique focuses on international arbitration, and has a well-regarded practice spanning a wide range of industries. Practitioners are commended for their depth and breadth of knowledge, especially in complex arbitrations, which stems partially from their experience of sitting as arbitrators. The impressive client base reflects the team's ability to handle a wide range of investment treaty and commercial disputes, including AEI, the Islamic Republic of Iran and AES. Recent work includes acting for a Turkish company in a large dispute involving three different arbitration proceedings in Europe. This matter demonstrates the group's ability to work seamlessly alongside foreign co-counsel, and to handle complex enforcement matters. 

Client Service "They are as responsive, flexible and adaptable as possible. They are able to adapt to clients' needs."

Commercial Awareness "They are highly specialized in international arbitration, and have a deep knowledge of the relevant law. They are also experienced litigators, and are used to handling complex disputes. They render tailormade services that are specifically designed for the client and case."

KEY INDIVIDUALS David Lindsey is a rising force in the market and is described as "a well-known expert in international arbitration circles" by commentators. He attracts enthusiastic recommendations from clients and peers alike, with one interviewee saying: "His experience allows him to anticipate movements the other party might make, which is very good for strategy planning."

James Hosking is highly recommended by sources, who say: "He has an amazing amount of energy and dives right in to matters - the level of his commitment is quite remarkable." He has impressive expertise in disputes relating to Latin America, and draws on experience in handling arbitrations held under the auspices of all major institutions.

Clients are hugely impressed by Yasmine Lahlou and her thorough approach, stating: "She has such knowledge of even the most minor aspects of the case." She is fluent in Italian, English and French, and has particular expertise in Middle Eastern and European disputes.

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THE FIRM This group's impressive caseload continues to grow by the year and covers a diverse cross-section of industries, including energy, natural resources and financial disputes. The group's broad expertise within the arbitration sphere includes investment treaty and commercial arbitration experience. Major highlights include successfully representing a key client in an ICC arbitration against Petrochemicals Industries Company, in which the tribunal issued one of the largest commercial arbitration awards ever, at more than $2 billion.

Sources say: "Strong, very experienced players. They are very good on strategy, and excellent in hearings." 

KEY INDIVIDUALS Henry Weisburg has long-standing experience in the international arbitration arena, and is hailed as being "excellent at preparing a case." As well as regularly representing parties in commercial and investment treaty arbitrations, he also conducts high-stakes enforcement proceedings.

Chris Ryan has a versatile practice, handling both commercial and investment treaty arbitrations. He is currently representing a sovereign state in three ICSID arbitrations.  

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THE FIRM Sullivan & Cromwell has extensive experience in the international arbitration arena. It concentrates on both commercial and investor-state arbitrations, and also offers notable litigation capabilities. Recent highlights include achieving a victory for TeliaSonera in an ICC arbitration against Turkish companies related to a joint venture; TeliaSonera was awarded $932 million, which is believed to be the largest commercial arbitration award ever given. 

KEY INDIVIDUALS Joseph Neuhaus coordinates the arbitration practice and is widely respected within the international arbitration community. He is noted for his experience as arbitrator and counsel. He is currently representing a European bank in three ICDR arbitrations brought by Latin American investors regarding the Madoff Ponzi scheme.

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THE FIRM This thriving nationwide group continues to flourish in the international arbitration space. The firm is able to draw on its multijurisdictional and multilingual capabilities to tailor its service to each client and specific dispute. It is held in particularly high esteem for its investment treaty practice, and also has a successful commercial practice, representing companies such as Employ Media LLC in ongoing disputes. Recent highlights include securing a victory for The Williams Companies in a $400 million ICSID arbitration against Venezuela.  

Sources say: "The team has been straightforward, hard-working and diligent. It is as dedicated to the business as I am."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Arif Ali cochairs the firm's international arbitration practice and is extremely well regarded by interviewees, who say: "He is absolutely marvelous – very cooperative and always available day or night." He is adept in both investor-state and commercial arbitration. "He is an excellent oral advocate and he really strives to understand the business," add sources.

Eric Ordway is highly respected in the international arbitration field and has extensive experience in handling disputes involving a wide range of jurisdictions. He led the representation of The Williams Companies in the ICSID arbitration described above.

Samaa Haridi is singled out by clients for her "very supportive and intelligent" approach, and regularly handles commercial and investor-state arbitrations involving the Middle East. Sources also acknowledge her as being "hard-working and very entrepreneurial." 

Alexandre de Gramont maintains a strong investor-state practice and also conducts commercial arbitrations. He handles disputes arising from a wide range of sectors and jurisdictions. Sources particularly praise his dedication to matters, stating that "his attention to detail is excellent."  

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THE FIRM This respected firm is experienced in dealing with investment treaties and commercial arbitrations. It regularly represents clients in high-value cases and displays a particular aptitude in investor-state cases. The firm is committed to supporting clients' best interests by providing alternative fee arrangements. Current clients include Khan Resources, H&H Enterprises and Marriott International.

Sources say: "The group is very client-oriented." 

KEY INDIVIDUALS Ian Laird is a key contact at the firm.

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THE FIRM This firm enters the rankings thanks to its rapidly rising reputation in the commercial and investment treaty arbitration arena. The group exclusively represents states and state-owned entities when tackling investor-state disputes, and has built up considerable expertise in this space. The team is split between offices in Washington, DC and New York, and maintains solid connections to Latin America.

Sources say: "The team was able to establish a good and respectful relationship with our local team of lawyers and other professionals. That was actually the key to our success."

KEY INDIVIDUALS George Kahale cochairs the group and is characterized as being "very smart, with excellent presentation skills, superb at team-building, and able to see situations from all points of view." He has recently represented several sovereign states in significant disputes.

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THE FIRM This international powerhouse continues to expand its international arbitration practice with internal promotions and hires from Dewey & LeBoeuf and Grant Thornton. The group handles arbitration across a broad range of sectors, including aviation, energy and media. The team currently represents the Ministry of Transportation of the Republic of Turkey in an EUR800 million ICC arbitration brought by Alstom Transport regarding a railroad line. Other notable clients include Ghana and Blue Bank International & Trust.  

KEY INDIVIDUALS  According to market commentators, Cedric Chao is "outstandingly able, conscientious, hard-working and astute," as well as "very detail-oriented and a good negotiator." Chao also acts as an arbitrator alongside serving as counsel.

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THE FIRM This talented group is commended for the strength of its commercial arbitration practice. Its practitioners have a wide range of industry expertise, and are also experienced in acting as both counsel and arbitrator. Recent highlights include acting for Thales Alenia Space France in an ICDR arbitration against Globalstar, in which Globalstar's EUR350 million claim was dismissed. Globalstar was then ordered to pay the respondent's counterclaim of EUR53 million.  

KEY INDIVIDUALS Group head Elliot Polebaum has a versatile practice serving as counsel and arbitrator. Market sources praise him as "a very able litigator who picks up the rhythm and tone of arbitration very well and does an excellent job for clients."

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THE FIRM This well-known group has experience representing clients in both commercial disputes and bilateral and multilateral investment treaty arbitrations. Its portfolio demonstrates a specific aptitude for complex commercial matters, and particular expertise in disputes related to Latin America.

KEY INDIVIDUALS Daniel González is highly experienced in sitting as an arbitrator and serving as counsel in a wide range of disputes. He offers notable strength in arbitrations involving Latin America, aided by his fluency in Spanish. 

Oliver Armas recently joined the team from Chadbourne & Parke. Armas is considered to be "very thoughtful and inventive; he created arguments others wouldn't have thought of." Commentators also commend him for "providing key strategic advice - he always thinks a few steps ahead."

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THE FIRM Jenner & Block maintains a significant presence within the international arbitration domain, and is praised and respected for its commercial practice. The firm has a broad scope of industry experience, and handles disputes for a wide range of clients. Notable highlights include defending Ritz-Carlton against $140 million claims in an ICDR arbitration brought by resort owners in Jamaica. 

Sources say: "The team is exceptionally professional and very responsive."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Richard Ziegler cochairs the practice and is also the managing partner of the firm's New York office. Market sources praise his abilities as "an excellent cross-examiner." 

Fellow cochair Lawrence Schaner specializes in commercial arbitration and litigation. Sources note that he is "very familiar with the international arbitration community, as well as the Bar."

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THE FIRM This impressive group is singled out for its fully integrated approach, and can draw on the strength of numerous key offices around the globe to create teams tailored to each case and client. The firm has recently represented several of the world's largest corporations in a wide range of ICC arbitrations. 

KEY INDIVIDUALS Philip Lacovara is highlighted as a "first-rate lawyer" and is held in high esteem for his extensive experience of serving as arbitrator. Market sources praise his "creative writings." 

William Knull has a great depth of knowledge across a wide array of industries, including particular expertise in the oil and gas sector. Commentators characterize him as "a very smart fellow who has a good courtroom demeanor which translates very well in international arbitration." 

Jeffrey Sarles is the highly respected co-head of the firm's Supreme Court and appellate group, and divides his practice between appellate, international arbitration and litigation work.  

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THE FIRM This firm is a new addition to the rankings and has built a solid reputation for its handling of investor-state disputes. The US team is spread across offices in New York, Washington, DC and Los Angeles, and also draws on Milbank's impressive global presence. It is renowned for establishing long-term client relationships through its efficiency and commitment to client service. The team recently defended Mongolia against a $1 billion claim brought by Russian claimants relating to gold mining.

Commercial Awareness "Milbank is very good at working with us to understand our strategic objectives and combines skills to function effectively as a team, which leads to the best results. We are impressed by Milbank's ethic of hard work and energy. The quality of the technical lawyering is very high." 

KEY INDIVIDUALS Sources praise Michael Nolan's experience serving as both counsel and arbitrator. Sources say he "is equipped with plenty of experience to handle diverse cultures and situations. His tactical and thoughtful decision-making is critical for case management and outcome." 

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THE FIRM Morrison & Foerster maintains a notable presence in the international arbitration arena, and has core strength in trial advocacy skills. It has particular expertise in IP-related matters and disputes arising from the technology industry. It also has a particular focus on arbitrations involving Asia. The group recently represented SUSE Linux in an ICC arbitration against The SCO Group that involved claims of copyright infringement.

KEY INDIVIDUALS San Francisco-based James Schurz is a key contact.

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THE FIRM This firm's strong US group is split between New York and Washington, DC offices and coordinates with offices in Asia and Europe to offer clients a truly integrated service. The international arbitration group specializes in political risk insurance arbitration as well as commercial and investment treaties. It also offers impressive expertise in handling complex enforcement proceedings. The firm continues to represent the Republic of the Philippines in a $2.4 billion UNCITRAL arbitration relating to a build-lease-transfer agreement with Metro Rail Transit Corporation.

Sources say: "They dedicate the resources and the competency levels necessary to root out the real issues and then implement a detailed strategy to defend their clients. Then they present well and understand what the arbitrators are looking for. And they do it all with a great sense of humor and passion."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Joseph Profaizer divides his practice between commercial arbitration and investment treaties. Sources praise his "great presentation style and inquisitive nature," and one client enthuses that "it's comforting to have him on our side - he not only sees his role as 'fighting the battle' but more importantly, 'how can we avoid the battle', while not sacrificing our overall position materially."

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THE FIRM Quinn Emanuel has significantly expanded its international arbitration practice in recent years. The firm has traditionally focused on commercial arbitrations, but has lately shifted its focus to investment treaties, representing both investors and states. With highly qualified lawyers, the team has a great depth of technical knowledge covering a wide range of areas, including financial, patent, aerospace and financial disputes.

Sources say: "The team is very thorough, provides good briefs, and really thinks about all the possible outcomes, ensuring we get the best result."

KEY INDIVIDUALS Fred Bennett is a key contact at the firm.

Other Ranked Lawyers 其他上榜律师

Abraham Sofaer has amassed a significant amount of experience in his roles as former District Judge for the Southern District of New York and legal adviser to the US Department of State. Market sources regard him as "incredibly dynamic."

Mark Cymrot is head of Baker Hostetler's international arbitration practice and enters the rankings having earned significant praise from market sources. Described as "very experienced and intelligent," he is considered an expert in commercial disputes. One client enthuses: "I was absolutely flabbergasted by his way of combining strategic insight and an immediate and profound understanding of the client's needs."

As cofounder and managing partner of Boies, Schiller & Flexner LLP, Jonathan Schiller focuses his practice on litigation and international arbitration. Observers praise his depth of expertise in handling complex disputes.

Ignacio Suarez Anzorena has returned to Clifford Chance US LLP after spending several years in Chadbourne & Parke's international dispute resolution team. Market sources highlight his "proactive capacity to understand complex issues in a very short amount of time." He continues to focus much attention on disputes relating to Latin America.

The "outstanding" George Bermann of Columbia Law School is held in high regard for his long-standing experience and expertise in international arbitration. He regularly sits as arbitrator in a wide range of institutional and ad hoc arbitrations.

Louis Craco of Craco & Ellsworth, LLP is a highly regarded international arbitrator, and offers particular expertise in arbitrating commercial proceedings.

Rising star Daniel Tan is the principal of Dan Tan Law, an international arbitration and litigation boutique based in New York and San Francisco. Sources agree that he is "a very entrepreneurial lawyer" whose "practice is very impressive." He is currently defending US and Canadian companies against a claim of at least $25 million in an ICDR arbitration concerning distribution agreements.

Anne Marie Whitesell is based in the Washington, DC office of Dechert LLP, and also spends time in the firm's Paris office. She has extensive expertise in matters related to the ICC, and acts as counsel and arbitrator in a wide range of disputes.

Charles Brower of 20 Essex Street draws on an incredible depth of expertise in international disputes in his role as a leading arbitrator. He maintains his role serving as a judge of the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal.

As president of the American Society of International Law, David Caron of 20 Essex Street has a diverse practice, serving as arbitrator and counsel in both investor-state and commercial arbitration proceedings. He is highly respected for his long-standing experience in the field.

Ronald Goodman attracts extensive praise for his experience as counsel in commercial and investor-state arbitrations. He cochairs Foley Hoag LLP's international litigation and arbitration practice, and also teaches at the American University School of Law.

Market sources highlight Gerald Aksen as an outstanding sole practitioner, with one saying: "He's the god of arbitration." Based in New York, Aksen has sat as arbitrator in more than 200 cases, illustrating his impressive popularity.

Laurence Shore recently joined Herbert Smith Freehills from Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher. He is held in high regard for his extensive knowledge and insight into international arbitration disputes. Sources describe him as a "prodigious worker and outstanding analyst of case issues," as well as a "world-class expert on ICC arbitration policies and practices."

Horacio Grigera Naón of the Washington College of Law, American University is classified as "a helpful and supportive co-arbitrator" as well as an outstanding sole arbitrator for both commercial and investor-state arbitrations. Market sources also hail him as "the leading arbitrator in Latin American-related matters."

Commentators single out Robert Davidson of JAMS as a "fountain of knowledge" who is "always at the forefront of cutting-edge arbitration issues." He dedicates his practice to mediation and arbitrating complex international and domestic disputes.

Steven Smith recently moved from O'Melveny & Myers to Jones Day. He is highly regarded by peers and clients for his experience in a wide range of commercial arbitrations. He has also acted in disputes involving sovereign states, and sits as an arbitrator as well as serving as counsel.

Claudia Salomon recently joined Latham & Watkins LLP from DLA Piper. She is highly commended for her expert knowledge of investment treaty arbitrations. She is regarded as "very responsible, capable and hard-working" by market sources.

Commentators highlight Charles Renfrew as an illustrious leading arbitrator who can draw upon his prior experience as a District Judge and US Deputy Attorney General.

Sole practitioner Mark Kantor is identified as an influential force in the international arbitration community. He has sat as an arbitrator in a wide range of disputes, and offers particular expertise in the M&A space. He teaches at the Georgetown University Law Center.

Allen Green of McKenna Long & Aldridge LLP specializes in investor-state disputes. He is praised for his extensive expertise in the arena and his notable advocacy skills. Commentators particularly emphasize his international experience: "He's come across every situation seven times in four different countries!"

William O’Brien of McKenna Long & Aldridge LLP is a new entry to the rankings, highlighted for his extensive experience in handling commercial arbitrations. Sources regard him as "highly qualified and very personable," with one client noting: "He's also an excellent leader with perfect oratory skills."

Oscar Garibaldi recently left Covington & Burling to become a sole practitioner. Garibaldi is renowned for his impressive investment treaty practice, with sources stating that "his education in both civil and common law and his complete fluency in Spanish and English make him an ideal choice to present cases before international panels." Clients also report that "his oral and written advocacy is thorough, convincing, sophisticated and eloquent."

Kenneth Reisenfeld is the highly recommended chair of Patton Boggs LLP's international arbitration practice. "He is extremely thorough, thoughtful and diligent - he leaves no stone unturned," say interviewees. He is currently representing DRC in its attempt to enforce an $80 million award issued by an UNCITRAL panel against the Republic of Honduras.

Christopher Boehning is a highly regarded arbitration practitioner at Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP. Clients appreciate the broad scope of his experience, which ranges from complex litigation to insurance matters. He is characterized as "extremely bright, calm and very articulate – he always plans his strategies four moves in advance."

Mark Bravin is the cochair of Winston & Strawn LLP's global international arbitration practice, based in the Washington, DC office. He is respected for his expertise in both commercial and investor-state arbitrations, and is currently representing McKesson in a complex arbitration against the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Judd Kessler of Porter Wright Morris & Arthur LLP is considered a "first-rate lawyer" and excellent arbitrator, with a particular specialty in investment treaty arbitrations.

Peter Sherwin is a "very well-rounded lawyer" who is experienced in handling a wide range of disputes. Sources are quick to praise the breadth of his practice, noting that he is "really good counsel and a very good arbitrator." He is head of the international arbitration practice at Proskauer Rose and is currently representing a European biotech company in a $350 million ICDR arbitration against Bayer.

Robert von Mehren receives international respect as a senior arbitrator. Market sources describe him as "the dean of international arbitration and a wonderful person."

James Loftis is the head of Vinson & Elkins RLLP's international arbitration practice and handles both investment treaty and commercial arbitrations, with particular expertise in Latin American disputes. Clients highlight him as "a highly experienced lawyer who must be considered among the elite few who are 'go-to' lawyers in large international arbitration matters."

Market sources enthuse that William Park is "legendary" due to his accomplishments within the international arbitration arena. Alongside teaching law at Boston University, he arbitrates numerous disputes and has been appointed to the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators, as well as holding the title of president of the LCIA.

Michael Reisman is distinguished as a celebrated author, experienced arbitrator and advocate. He also acts as professor of international law at Yale Law School. One source enthused: "He is one of the smartest and best writers in this field."

Foreign Experts

Foreign Experts are individuals with expertise in a different jurisdiction to the one they are based in. These individuals are particularly highly regarded for international and cross-border work. Usually, they will be identified in the jurisdiction in which they are based and in their country of expertise.