USA

Nationwide

Energy & Natural Resources


Nationwide : AN INTRODUCTION

Contributed by Vinson & Elkins LLP

While the remainder of the U.S. economy continues to recover from the great recession, the U.S. energy industry is emerging from of an equally transformative but far more positive era: a five-year resource grab bonanza, with bidders from across the world vying to accumulate acreage positions in unconventional resource plays. With the land rush now fading, exploration and production companies are facing new sets of challenges in determining how to finance the massive amounts of drilling and completion activities necessary to develop their acreage, and determining how to do so as economically as possible.

One key impact of large oil and gas producers refocusing on the development of their reserves instead of expanding their asset base is that fewer strategic bidders are driving up sale prices for small- and mid-size independent oil and gas companies and asset packages. This has contributed to an overall decrease in M&A volume in the domestic upstream space—with total volume falling precipitously from over $90 billion in 2012 to just over $50 billion in 2013—but it also has led to a shifting makeup of buyers in such transactions. Stepping into the void created by a decreased interest from large strategic players, private equity has been increasingly focused on the energy industry, with each of Riverstone Holdings, EnCap Investments, Resource Capital Funds and EnerVest raising multi-billion dollar energy-focused funds in 2013 alone.

The increased private equity investment also has led to a rise in domestic energy upstream IPO activity, which we expect to more than double in 2014 over 2013, based on IPOs that have been completed or are known to us to be in process. We expect IPOs to continue to be a preferred “exit” for PE-backed upstream energy companies, so long as the market continues to place significantly greater value on such companies than the M&A market. For example, according to data compiled from FactSet and Herold, 2013 public company trading multiples implied a $33.30/BOE valuation for Permian Basin reserves, nearly a 100% premium over corresponding M&A market valuations average of $17.70/Boe for Permian Basin reserves.

Meanwhile, some of the larger strategic players have been repositioned as sellers in the new M&A marketplace as they seek to focus on core assets and raise capital to develop those assets. Some industry observers estimate that the development of shale basins in the United States alone will require more than $5.1 trillion of additional capital over the next 20 years, or more than $250 billion annually for two decades. As a point of comparison, Wall Street research expects domestic capital spending by upstream companies to increase 8.5% in 2014 to over $156 billion, suggesting capital must be raised and deployed at increasingly robust levels over time.

While much of the capital is coming from the debt and equity markets—upstream equity follow-on activity was at a five-year high in 2013—we also expect capital infusions from new private equity-backed participants entering the space through acquisitions from strategic players shedding non-core assets. Examples of these transactions include the $3.75 billion acquisition by Fieldwood Energy, an affiliate of Riverstone Holdings, of Apache Corp’s Gulf of Mexico shelf operations in 2013, and the $7.1 billion acquisition of El Paso Corp’s oil and gas business by a consortium of PE companies led by Apollo and Riverstone in 2012.

At the same time, the massive development efforts by the upstream sector are driving capital investment throughout the midstream and downstream industries. IHS estimates that capital spending in oil and gas midstream and downstream infrastructure has increased by 60 percent, from $56.3 billion in 2010 to $89.6 billion in 2013, and projects a cumulative spending of $890 billion on oil and gas infrastructure from 2014-2025. Wall Street research indicates that midstream energy M&A multiples, unlike upstream energy M&A multiples, have risen steadily since 2009. In competitive M&A markets that favor the largest players with the lowest costs of capital, we expect continued consolidation in the space, with the large, diversified, investment-grade midstream master limited partnerships (or “MLPs”) continuing to grow or be created through affiliations with large integrated oil companies or independent oil and gas players. Recent examples include Devon Energy’s combination of its domestic midstream business with Crosstex Energy to form EnLink Midstream in 2014, the acquisition by the Energy Transfer family of companies of Sunoco Inc., Southern Union Corp. and their pending acquisition of Susser Holdings, and Kinder Morgan’s acquisition of Copano Energy in 2013.

But the changing focus of the M&A marketplace tells only part of the story. As E&P companies, funds, and others active in this area shift their focus from expanding their asset bases to developing reserves, they must also navigate a rapidly changing regulatory and litigation environment that is driven – in large part – by the vast increase in shale development. Recent EIA data indicates that six key shale plays (the Marcellus, Haynesville, Eagle Ford, Permian, Niobrara, and Bakken) account for nearly 90% of domestic oil production growth and virtually all domestic natural gas production growth over the last few years. This growth in shale development has in turn given rise to a flood of regulatory activity at the local, state, and federal levels, much of which is still evolving.

Regulation at the state level differs across the shale-producing jurisdictions, a fact which requires shale players to be keenly aware of the specific regulatory proposals and requirements in the states in which they are active. Most states require some level of chemical disclosure of hydraulic fracturing fluids, which has led to litigation concerning the proprietary nature of such information. In addition, a number of states – including Pennsylvania, Ohio, and North Dakota – have enacted or are considering additional laws and regulations governing the environmental impact of shale development, including issues related to methane emissions, groundwater baseline sampling and testing, and regulatory control or bans on disposal of waste from hydraulic fracturing activities.

While regulation typically falls within the purview of the states, many local jurisdictions have actively sought to regulate hydraulic fracturing. Many local jurisdictions – including cities and local governments within Colorado, New York, and West Virginia – have considered or adopted legislation banning or otherwise restricting hydraulic fracturing. This has led to a substantial amount of litigation concerning the propriety of this legislation, including issues related to preemption.

At the federal level, the EPA is expected to release its long-awaited draft report on hydraulic fracturing’s impacts on water in late 2014. This will undoubtedly spur additional regulation and litigation. Further, the federal government recently indicated that it is considering federal chemical disclosure requirements and is increasing air emission controls on upstream, midstream, and downstream activities.

In addition to the evolving regulatory landscape, shale development players face a substantial amount of private litigation. This includes claims alleging contamination, nuisance, and other torts caused by hydraulic fracturing and related drilling activities, citizen/environmental action lawsuits, infrastructure lawsuits involving issues such as land-use and eminent domain, and traditional claims involving mineral owner rights, surface disputes, and similar issues.

The upshot of all of this is clear: those active in these areas must stay abreast of the ongoing developments in the marketplace and in the regulatory and litigation arena. Only by doing so can one efficiently and effectively manage their business opportunities and risks and maximize their investment.

Due to the number of tables in this section, the editorial is in alphabetical order by firm name.

Energy & Natural Resources - Nationwide

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Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston, New York, Dallas and DC.

What the team is known for Strength in oil and gas transactional and electricity regulatory work. Handles FERC and NERC-related work for clients in the private and public sectors. Experience in areas such as market design, transmission, compliance and enforcement. Noted by industry sources for its activity in the PJM market. The oil and gas team is active in the upstream, midstream and downstream sectors of the industry. Involved in acquisition and divestitures, M&A and corporate counseling in relation to areas such as oil and gas exploration and development, pipelines, petrochemicals and LNG.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients) 
"Really good insight into the inner working of FERC and a good knowledge of technical regulatory matters."

"They are open to suggestions, which is important to me as a client."

What's new? Two respected attorneys have joined the team: Carrie Hill Allen arrives from GenOn Energy, while Michael Byrd arrives from Baker & McKenzie.

Work highlights Represented Crestwood Midstream Partners in its merger with Inergy to create an entity with an approximate value of $7 billion.

Acted for Utex Industries, a manufacturer of products used in oil and gas drilling and production, in its acquisition by private equity firm Riverstone Holdings.

Acted for FirstEnergy in three FERC proceedings related to a PJM tariff dispute.

Advised Morgan Stanley Capital Group in connection with a proposal by California Independent System Operator and PacifiCorp to develop a new energy imbalance market

Notable practitioners  

Christine LaFollette is a corporate and transactional lawyer with a great deal of experience in the energy sector. She is head of the firm's Houston office and is appreciated by sources for her leadership abilities, one saying: "She is very good at assembling and leading teams." Another source added: "She is a very strong advocate for her client's position and very knowledgeable."

Michael Byrd recently joined the team from Baker & McKenzie. Byrd is an oil and gas lawyer who advises clients on a wide variety of upstream oil and gas transactional issues. Sources say: "He is very service-oriented and a very good communicator."

Suedeen Kelly cochairs the firm's energy regulatory practice. She has an excellent pedigree in the field having acted as a FERC commissioner, the chair of the New Mexico Public Services Commission and as regulatory counsel for an Independent System Operator (ISO). She advised Marubeni Power International on regulatory issues related to its equity investment in a proposed underwater transmission line. Clients reserve particular praise for her insight into the FERC process. 

George Cannon is a regulatory lawyer who is particularly noted for his work in the renewable power sector. He acts for clients in matters before FERC, the DOE and state regulatory bodies. He advised Panda Power in connection with the development of a gas-fired power facility in Maryland. Sources describe him as a "very good technical lawyer."

Cynthia Marlette is an experienced electricity regulatory attorney who, prior to joining the firm, was general counsel at FERC for six years. She was part of the team that advised the Colorado Public Utilities Commission on a proposed municipalization of an electricity distribution network. One client said: "I was very impressed with her responses to my inquiries and her in-depth knowledge of the FERC regime."

Carrie Allen is an electricity regulatory lawyer who joined the firm following a stint in-house at an IPP. She was part of the team that advised Morgan Stanley Capital Market Group in relation to energy imbalance market issues. Sources say: "She knows the needs of shareholders with regard to the various and multitudinous rules and regulations in the electricity utility energy markets, and she knows how to get rules changed and fight off hostile efforts to change the rules."

Significant clients New York Independent System Operator, NV Energy, GAIL Global (USA) LNG, Los Angeles Department of Water & Power, Anadarko Petroleum.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include DC and Atlanta.

What the team is known for Well-respected electricity regulatory practice, active in a wide variety of matters including transmission, development, transactions and market design. Clients include regional transmission organizations (RTOs), private equity firms, municipalities, banks, transmission companies, IPPs and developers.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"I keep giving more business to them because they do a great job between strategic advice and great regulatory work."

"They are excellent strategic advisers on really tough strategy questions. Outstanding researchers, very responsive, and they will do what it takes to get us a quick answer, or they will be thorough and give us something more substantive depending on what we want." 

Work highlights Acted for FirstEnergy in a number of FERC and appellate proceedings to challenge PJM cost allocation decisions.

Advised California ISO on the development of an expanded energy imbalance market.

Notable practitioners  

Kenneth Jaffe is an electricity regulatory lawyer and litigator with an excellent reputation in the market. An impressed client said: "He knows more about FERC than anybody else that I know; hands-down he is your FERC guy - if you need a FERC lawyer it should be him."

Sean Atkins is an electricity regulatory lawyer with a state and federal-level practice that encompasses matters such as transmission, markets and interconnection. He acted for National Grid in FERC proceedings challenging return on equity in relation to transmission assets in New York and New England. Sources describe him as "very knowledgeable and very pragmatic," and also reserve praise for his excellent client service and thoughtful approach to matters.

Significant clients EDF Renewable Energy, Riverstone Holdings, Municipal Electric Authority of Georgia, Topaz Power Group, Southern California Edison.  

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston, Dallas and DC.

What the team is known for Long pedigree in the oil and gas industry, where the firm has strong capabilities on the transactional, regulatory and litigation fronts. Is adept at handling matters such as the sale of private companies, acquisition and divestment of energy assets, and the creation of joint ventures. Maintains a fine track record in both electricity and natural gas regulatory cases. Also acts in relation to pipelines and gas storage in matters such as rate cases and project development. Additionally advises clients such as RTOs, market participants and end users, in relation to issues such as reliability, rate cases and regulatory compliance.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They're very practical. They have a very much hands-on approach over there. They're very responsive and timely in their approach. They work very efficiently, don't overstaff and provide very good value."

"They have a great reputation in the market: very well known, and clients use them and like them.

Work highlights Acted for First Reserve Energy Infrastructure Fund in a joint venture with Triangle Petroleum to form Caliber Midstream Partners.

Advised Great Lakes Gas Transmission in connection with a rate case.

Represented TC Ravenswood in an appeal to the DC Circuit, in an attempt to reset the New York Independent System Operator's (NYISO) capacity prices for 2008-10.

Acted for Energy Transfer Partners in the $1.5 billion sale of Southern Union Gathering Company

Notable practitioners  

Michael O'Leary has a broad transactional and corporate energy practice. He advises in relation to M&A transactions and private equity investments in energy companies, and is particularly noted for the strength of his MLP practice. Sources say: "He has one of the best senses of what is appropriate in terms of what is legally permissible and what is commercially practical as well."

Mark Sundback is a well-respected lawyer who focuses on representing natural gas pipeline companies in regulatory proceedings. He acted for Portland Natural Gas Transmission System in two open rate cases. Sources describe him as "a very strong lawyer; aggressive, smart and a leader."

Kenneth Wiseman is a regulatory lawyer who practices in both the gas and electricity fields. He represented TransCanada Energy in FERC proceedings that stemmed from the 2001 California energy crisis. Sources say: "He is very smart, very good at managing relationships and managing clients, and he is a good litigator."

Thomas Bateman is an experienced oil and gas transactional lawyer with a domestic and international practice. He advised Nucor Energy Holdings in connection with its US onshore natural gas drilling and development program. Sources say: "He is an excellent oil and gas transactional attorney, he knows the business extremely well and clients seek him out to lead their upstream transactions."

Shemin Proctor is an energy lawyer with a broad regulatory practice. She acts for natural gas pipelines in FERC proceedings and before the federal courts. Additionally, she acts for clients in relation to gas storage and liquid natural gas projects. Sources say: "She thoroughly understands the subject matter and can communicate such to her clients. She has the capacity to consider many variables and offers her clients balanced and well-considered responses."

Significant clients Cheniere Energy Partners, Sheridan Production Partners, Bison Pipeline, Midcontinent Independent System Operator (MISO), Quantum Utility Generation.

Basic facts about the department 
Key offices include Houston, Dallas, Austin, New York, DC and Palo Alto. 

What the team is known for Retains its reputation as an energy powerhouse. Active in all sectors of the market, with particular strength in oil and gas transactional matters, oil and gas regulatory matters, and electricity utility transactions. The firm has focused on strengthening its power practice in recent years, with a number of recent lateral hires, most notably Bill Lamb.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are very good at knowing what is important and what is not - I always feel like we are being represented on the things that matter. Because of that approach we moved quickly to get good commercial outcomes."

"They understand the law extremely well and understand how nuances of the law can help us, and they are not afraid to go to court and to stand up when there is an issue. We don't know where we would be without those guys - they have really helped us out."

Work highlights Acted for CenterPoint Energy in the negotiation of a midstream joint venture with OGE Energy and ArcLight Capital Partners.

Advised Barclays Capital in connection with its role as financial adviser to ITC Holdings in its purchase of electrical transmission assets from Entergy.

Represented HollyFrontier Refining & Marketing in a FERC rate case related to Osage Pipeline Company's rate for the interstate transportation of crude oil.

Represented Sasol Group Services in its acquisition of Merichem Company’s interest in Merisol, a petrochemical joint venture.

Acted for a group of oil companies in a challenge to SFPP's pipeline rates before the FERC and in the US Court of Appeals.

Notable practitioners  

Thomas Eastment is regarded as one of the leading lawyers representing oil shippers in pipeline regulatory matters. "He is careful and thoughtful; when he is taking a position you have to take it seriously," reports one source, while another adds: "He always has a good grasp of the technical aspects of what he is dealing with. He is a good writer, an excellent cross-examiner, and a very seasoned and capable lawyer in all respects."

William Lamb has an excellent reputation in the utility transactional market. He acted for AES in its sale of Red Oak power generation station to Energy Capital Partners. Sources say: "He is creative, he is user-friendly, he is bright, knowledgeable and he gets the job done."

Elaine Walsh practices across the power space, advising clients on issues such as transactions, energy trading, and Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) and FERC regulatory and compliance matters. Sources say: "She's very industry-savvy, her manner is excellent, and she delivers exactly what we need and when we need it, including at very inconvenient times."

Hugh Tucker heads the firm's oil and gas practice. His practice includes the acquisition and sale of a wide variety of oil and gas assets including oil and gas-producing shale properties, oil refineries and chemical plants. Sources say: "He has got a very critical, solution-driven approach, and he does things with the necessary haste and the necessary urgency."

Brooksany Barrowes is a regulatory and transactional lawyer who practices in the gas and electricity areas. She acted for MISO Transmission Owners in relation to inter-regional compliance with FERC Order 1000. Commentators say: "She is very intelligent and very good at getting to the crux of the issue. She understands complicated, sometimes arcane issues and she has good instincts."

Joshua Davidson is a corporate, securities and transactional lawyer with a great deal of experience in the oil and gas sector. He is particularly noted for his deep knowledge of the MLP area. "He is one the premier lawyers in the area of MLPs. He is very meticulous and he is very knowledgeable in the sector," reports one impressed source.

Significant clients GenOn Energy, Iberdrola Renewables, NRG Energy, Patterson-UTI Drilling, Carrizo Oil & Gas, ExxonMobil. 

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Atlanta, Birmingham and DC.

What the team is known for Represents clients in a wide spectrum of nuclear regulatory and litigation matters. Handles matters such as plant development and licensing, regulatory compliance and enforcement proceedings. Also noted for its expertise in used fuel litigation.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"Very strong, very high-quality and very responsive." 

"Very practical and very cost-efficient." 

Notable practitioners  

Peter LeJeune is a well-regarded nuclear regulatory and licensing lawyer. He has a broad practice in the field which includes licensing, transactions and interaction with regulatory bodies such as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and FERC. Sources say: "He is very astute, very knowledgeable about the nuclear field, and he is very client-oriented, listens well, understands the issues, and has been able to marshal very practical solutions and responses in a short period of time."

Stanford Blanton is a well-known figure in the US nuclear industry. His representation of the Southern Company in its nuclear new-build program has been closely observed by the market, and is seen as "precedent-setting." Sources say: "He is an experienced lawyer, he has a broad knowledge of nuclear practice and the people in the NRC, and he is well connected in the industry." 

Significant clients Alabama Power, Georgia Power, Gulf Power, Entergy, Exelon.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston, Austin, Dallas, New York, Seattle and DC.

What the team is known for Continues to field strong teams of lawyers across the energy sector. The oil and gas transactional team is noted for its involvement in domestic shale-related transactions, pipeline M&A activity and an increasing focus on LNG. Handles both liquid and gas pipeline matters, regulatory compliance and enforcement, in relation to bodies such as FERC, CFTC and the DOE. Noted for the expansion of its team within the power sector, where it has been active on regulatory matters, litigation and M&A.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"The firm's performance was excellent: they were very responsive and the turnaround time was excellent."

"They presented us with multiple options to achieve our goals and enabled us to assess the pros and cons of each. That is what stands out about them to me - usually with them there is not just one answer."

"They are extremely thorough and they have a lot of experience in the power industry that they can draw from, and that expertise makes them a good firm to use."

Work highlights Advised PPL in connection with an audit by FERC.

Acted for Statoil Natural Gas in appellate proceedings in relation to FERC approval for the expansion of interstate pipeline projects.

Advised Three Rivers Operating Company in the sale of its oil and natural gas assets in the Permian basin for $1 billion.

Acted for Puget Sound Energy in its acquisition of a 270 MW dual-fired combined-cycle cogeneration facility in Washington State.

Notable practitioners  

John Klauberg is a well-known attorney in the power and utility space. He represented Duke Energy in its $415 million acquisition of hydroelectric assets in Chile. Sources say he provides "out-of-the-box creative thinking; he talks things through and understands the issues - he is just excellent."

Alan Rafte is a transactional attorney with impeccable knowledge of the oil and gas sector. He led the team acting for Apache in its $2.85 billion merger with Cordillera Energy Partners. Sources say: "He knows how to move a deal along, he is good to work with and has great substantive knowledge of the material."

Charles Shoneman is an experienced partner in the firm's energy regulatory group and focuses on oil and gas-related issues in connection with state and federal regulatory bodies. Recent work includes acting for clients in relation to the regulatory aspects of LNG projects. Sources reserve particular praise for his "practical and solutions-oriented" approach to matters.

Mark Lewis has a gas and liquid pipeline regulatory and litigation practice, handling matters related to pipelines and LNG before FERC and in state-level bodies. "He is very good at seeing how all of the parts fit together, how the regulatory piece fits into an overall larger transaction. He understands the bigger picture," reports one enthusiastic interviewee.

Deanna King represents power clients in litigation and in matters before FERC. Sources say: "She also has a good litigating temperament: she is not angry, she is not disparaging, the judges respect her and the other parties respect her."

James McAnelly is an oil and gas lawyer who is particularly noted for his knowledge of upstream transactions. He represented a subsidiary of Shell in relation to its acquisition of acreage in the Permian basin from Chesapeake Energy, in a transaction worth $1.9 billion. Sources say: "He has good substantive knowledge, he is good to work with, he respects his clients and gets deals done." 

Catherine McCarthy is a well-respected energy regulatory lawyer, who regularly represents electricity clients in matters before FERC, state bodies and the DOE. Sources say: "She expresses herself concisely, she has a good comprehensive view of what the legal issues are for utility clients, and she thinks through an issue and doesn't just recite the latest commission decisions."

Kirstin Gibbs acts for natural gas and oil companies and traders in relation to regulatory, enforcement and compliance matters. Additionally, she has assisted a number of oil companies with pipeline development projects. She is described as "accessible, timely and knowledgeable."

Paul Fox acts for electricity and gas clients in matters before FERC, the DOE and federal and appellate courts. He is well respected by his peers, one of whom describes him as "an excellent trial attorney and a very good cross-examiner." 

Kirk Morgan is a regulatory and litigation attorney who focuses on representing oil and natural gas clients. He handles matters such as pipeline rate cases, pipeline and storage development, LNG projects and FERC enforcement actions. Sources say: "He is a FERC scholar and has an encyclopedic knowledge of FERC precedents."

Significant clients Citigroup Energy, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking, Kinder Morgan, ConocoPhillips, Centrica, New York State Electric & Gas. 

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include New York, Houston and DC.

What the team is known for Excellent reputation for the strength of its commodities regulatory practice. Advises energy trading companies, financial institutions, energy companies and developers, in matters related to the DOE, FERC and the CFTC. Noted for its defense of regulatory enforcement actions.

Notable practitioners  

Paul Pantano has an energy and commodities practice focusing on representing clients in relation to FERC and CFTC matters. Sources note his abilities, with one saying that "he is very technically capable and he knows the CFTC area." Another source added that he is "one of the top enforcement lawyers; his really outstanding strength is on the commodities side."

Robert Stephens maintains a fine reputation for his transactional and finance work concerning the energy sector. Sources say: "He is very smart and extremely capable in complex transactions."

Kenneth Irvin is a well-regarded attorney with an energy and commodities regulatory practice. He represents natural gas and oil clients in relation to FERC and CFTC compliance and enforcement actions.  

Gregory Lawrence is a regulatory lawyer, noted for his presence in the power sector. He acts on matters such as regulatory compliance and enforcement actions, and represents clients before the FERC and state-level bodies. Sources say: "He is a zealous advocate for his clients and he works very hard at understanding our business so he can best represent us in the regulatory area."  

Basic facts about the department
Key office is Houston.

What the team is known for Newly established boutique recently formed by former partners from Vinson & Elkins. Works for clients on projects across the USA and Canada with regard to FERC and DOE regulation of liquid pipelines. Also noted for its knowledge of M&A and capital markets matters related to the energy sector.

Notable practitioners  

Charles Caldwell is widely regarded as a leader of the liquid pipelines regulatory field. He advises clients in FERC issues and in matters before the Federal Appellate courts. Sources say: "He simplifies complex issues very well, he is really strong in court, and he is dedicated and hard-working and knows his stuff."

Bert Tabor is a well-respected oil pipeline regulatory lawyer. He is noted for his deep experience of the field and his knowledge of FERC regulations and proceedings. "He is one of the leaders of the oil pipeline Bar; a very practical lawyer, who has very good judgment and who is hugely experienced," reports one impressed source.

Dean Lefler is a regulatory lawyer and litigator, and focuses on representing oil and liquid pipeline companies. Clients single him out as "superb to work with; a very levelheaded and reasonable guy."

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Los Angeles, New York and DC.

What the team is known for Maintains a fine track record in the power sector in the USA. Advises on matters such as the acquisition and divestiture of electricity generation assets. Also renowned for its work in the renewables arena. 

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are a well-known, well-respected name in energy transactional work."

"Very impressed by them; very cordial and very good to work with."

Notable practitioners  

Charles Hord has a broad corporate, transactional and finance practice. He is experienced with regard to M&A deals in the power sector, with a particular focus on renewable energy transactions.

Robert Shapiro has an energy-focused practice that encompasses transactions, regulatory work and litigation. He has experience defending clients in the courts and before regulatory bodies, with particular reference to long-term power contracts. Sources say: "He has good strategic strength and a good understanding of energy policy."

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include New York and DC.

What the team is known for Well-regarded practice acting for clients in the global mining sector. Noted for its depth of experience in the sector and regularly acts for mining clients in large M&A transactions, financings and securities matters.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"Apart from the knowledge and experience they have, what caught our attention was the very good accessibility of the more senior lawyers. We were always in contact with the whole team - they were involved throughout, which is very valuable to us."

"They have a deep, deep experience in domestic and global mining transaction work; they know what they are doing and they have experience to fall back on."

Work highlights Acted for Vale in the sale of its Colombian coal concerns for $407 million.

Advised Codelco in the financing and acquisition of 29.5% of the equity in Anglo American Sur, a copper mining project, in a deal worth $2.8 billion.

Notable practitioners

Jeffrey Lewis is a key contact at the practice.

Significant clients ArcelorMittal, Alcoa, Alpha Natural Resources, BHP Billiton, Cascade Investment. 

Basic facts about the department
Key office include New York and DC.

What the team is known for Active on regulatory work in relation to power and oil and gas matters. Its lawyers are recognized for their knowledge of regulated electricity markets. Additionally noted for defending companies facing FERC enforcement action.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are always available to explain complex issues in a manner easy to understand."

"They have good contacts and have a feel for what the staff at FERC are thinking, which is very important on these matters."

Work highlights Advised New Jersey-based utility Public Service Enterprise Group in relation to FERC matters such as market-based rates and transmission.

Acted for Texas electricity utility Energy Future Holdings on a range of FERC matters. 

Notable practitioners  

Richard Meserve maintains a fine reputation in the nuclear regulatory arena. Sources say: "He has got a unique skill set and perspective as a scientist, a lawyer and a former regulator that allows him to take very complex issues and hit the important parts right away."

William Massey has a FERC regulatory practice that encompasses the natural gas and electricity sectors. He is well known in the market due to his work with the COMPETE coalition and his former role as a FERC commissioner. "The most unique asset he brings is his ability to translate very complex processes and policies into layman's terms," reports one impressed commentator. 

Significant clients Energy Future Holdings, Exelon, LS Power, PPL Energy, Noble Energy, BP America.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include New York, Los Angeles and DC.

What the team is known for Benefited significantly from the arrival of Larry Eisenstat and Richard Lehfeldt from Dickstein Shapiro. Acts for the public and private sector in energy-related litigation before the FERC and in federal courts. Also advises in relation to issues related to the DOE and NERC.

Notable practitioners  

Larry Eisenstat heads the electricity regulatory group. He focuses on representing clients such as utilities, IPPs and transmission companies in regulatory compliance and FERC proceedings. Sources say: "He is extremely capable, he is quite a vigorous advocate for his clients, and he is an excellent regulatory lawyer and litigator."

Richard Lehfeldt has a great deal of experience in the energy sector, having worked in-house for energy companies and acted as counsel to the Energy Subcommittee of the US House Energy and Commerce Committee. Commentators appreciate his insights into policy and regulatory issues. "His written pleadings always hit all the right notes and he clearly knows the area," reports one source. 

Jennifer Waters advises clients in relation to energy regulatory issues, with a particular focus on the natural gas sector. She acted for the East Tennessee Customer Group in FERC proceedings related to natural gas supply rates.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include New York and Hartford, CT.

What the team is known for A broad practice that undertakes regulatory and transactional work in the power and nuclear sector. Advises in relation to high-stakes litigation, including litigation related to the California energy crisis. Advises clients on FERC and NERC matters, with a particular focus on the New England regional transmission organization market.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients) 
"They have taken on and resolved complex issues, and have always done so in a timely fashion and with great attention to detail."

"They have rendered uniformly excellent legal services on complex energy issues, and have done so under tight deadline pressure and heavy workload demands."

Work highlights Acted for the Attorney General of the State of California in litigation focused on the price of energy sold to California by energy companies in the Pacific Northwest during the 2000-01 California energy crisis.

Represented Exelon in relation to an investigation by the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities into whether to order electricity companies to enter into long-term power contracts in order to secure funds for future generation.

Notable practitioners  

David Doot is chair of the firm's energy group and advises clients in relation to regulatory audits and enforcement actions. Sources say: "He is very knowledgeable, he is very methodical, very careful, and very thorough and responsive."

Gerald Garfield is a well-respected energy lawyer who is particularly notable for his work in the nuclear field. Sources appreciate his wealth of experience and his ability to understand technical and commercial issues with equal ease. "He is an extremely well-rounded lawyer; he understands the NRC, and he is well versed in its regulations and in the politics behind its regulations," reports one interviewee.

Paul Belval has an electricity transactional practice that includes advising on M&A, the acquisition and divestiture of power assets, and power purchase agreements. He advised National Grid in its negotiation of a power purchase agreement with a hydroelectric project in Maine. Sources say: "He is an outstanding lawyer; very user-friendly, knows his stuff and presents our company well to the market."

Joseph Fagan is a litigator and regulatory attorney who represents electricity and natural gas clients. He is recognized for his work in the power sector, particularly for his involvement in the litigation that resulted from the California energy crisis.

Corporate and securities lawyer William Baker focuses on acting for power clients. Sources describe him as "the wise man on the top of the mountain you go to when you have a really difficult question." 

Significant clients New England Power Pool, Goldman Sachs, Enbala Power Networks, New Mexico Renewable Energy Transmission Authority, NSTAR Electric. 

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include New York and DC.

What the team is known for Well-respected electricity regulatory practice, acting for clients from across the power spectrum. Its attorneys represent clients in front of FERC, in civil litigation and in state regulatory matters. Expertise in areas such as market formation, ISO and RTO litigation, and energy trading.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They were definitely highlighting the commercial decisions, helping us think through how decisions would impact things. It was very complex and they helped us out by taking a difficult problem and breaking it down to its elemental points."

Work highlights Advised CPS Energy in relation to the development of a 400 MW solar facility in Texas.

Acted for Central Electric Power Cooperative in the negotiation of an agreement to supply South Carolina’s electric cooperatives through to 2058.

Notable practitioners  

Stuart Caplan is a regulatory lawyer who practices in the electricity and natural gas sectors. He is noted for his knowledge of market formation and advises a wide variety of clients including utilities, power markets and financial institutions. He acted as lead regulatory counsel in GE's acquisition of Homer City Generating Station. As one commentator notes: "He is someone with a keen understanding of all the rules relating to energy trading and market participation; he really digs deep and gets it at a fundamental level."

Clinton Vince is an experienced electricity lawyer who is recognized in the market for his skills as a litigator. He has long served as the lead regulatory counsel for the City Council for the City of New Orleans, representing it in defense of multiple class actions and in many proceedings at the FERC. Sources say: "A very knowledgeable energy regulatory attorney who does a good job representing his clients."

Significant clients GE Energy Financial Services, Public Service Enterprise Group, Ormet Primary Aluminum, Great Plains Energy, Kansas City Power & Light.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston, New York and DC.

What the team is known for Oil and gas practice that acts for a wide range of clients, including major oil companies, commodities traders and private equity firms. Handles transactions throughout the sector, including the purchase and disposition of oil-producing properties, offshore leases and downstream assets. 

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"The lawyers have really impressed me with their precise legal analysis, protection of clients' interests, and the ability to deal with our counterparts."

Work highlights Acted for BP in its $2.4 billion sale of downstream assets to Tesoro Refining and Marketing Company.

Notable practitioners 

Lee Alexander is a regulatory lawyer who focuses on natural gas and oil matters. He has a varied client base which includes natural gas and oil pipeline, storage and shipping companies. Sources say: "A skilled fellow: very savvy, very smart, extraordinarily knowledgeable about the FERC oil and gas pipeline work; he's very detail-oriented and he has a very good strategic head on his shoulders."

Jack Langlois is head of the firm's Houston energy practice. He leads the team on matters such as M&A deals, corporate structuring, and exploration and production agreements. He has been particularly active in connection with transactional activity in the upstream sector. "Jack is very impressive in negotiations. His ability to draw on his extensive past experience means that when he speaks, everyone tends to listen," notes one impressed commentator.

Significant clients Petrobras, HighMount Exploration & Production, MatlinPatterson Global Advisors, Offshore Exploration and Production. 

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston, Austin and Dallas.

What the team is known for Energy player located in the traditional heartlands of the US oil and gas industry. Acts on a wide variety of transactions in relation to the upstream, midstream, downstream and oil field services areas. Active practice assisting private equity firms in relation to joint ventures and investments in the energy sector.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are very responsive, they work well with the internal legal team and understand our procedures." 

Work highlights Acted for BP in the sale of $5.5 billion of oil and gas assets in the Gulf of Mexico to Plains Exploration & Production.

Acted for Boardwalk Pipeline in relation to the creation of a joint venture with The Williams Companies.

Notable practitioners  

Doug Eyberg is an experienced transactional and corporate attorney and is head of the firm's energy practice. He was lead partner for BP America Production in its sale of upstream assets to Linn Energy for $1 billion. "I appreciate guys like him who have solid judgment and know how to negotiate without getting carried away," notes one impressed interviewee. 

Larry Stevens has a broad transactional and corporate energy practice. He represented Bristow Group, an oil field services aviation company, in the disposition of its interests in a Mexican joint venture.

Significant clients Southcross Energy Partners, Enerven Compression, Lime Rock Resources, Redman Resources, Sidewinder Drilling. 

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include New York and DC.

What the team is known for Has built a practice in the electricity transactional arena that is commended by peers and clients. Focuses on M&A for public and private companies, as well as the acquisition of power generation and transmission assets.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They do very good work and they will make sure the schedule we want to meet gets done; they will put up whatever resources they need and work however many hours to make that happen."

"A strong, high-quality firm with a deep resource base backing our primary contacts."

Work highlights Represented MidAmerican Energy Holdings in its acquisition of 49% of the Agua Caliente solar facility from NRG.

Acted for Power-One, a developer and supplier of solar power technology, in its acquisition by ABB.

Notable practitioners  

William Scherman is a natural gas and electricity regulatory lawyer and a former FERC general counsel. Recent highlights include acting for Energy Transfer Partners in defense of CFTC and FERC enforcement actions. Peers reserve particular praise for his "creative strategic thinking."

Peter Hanlon is a transactional attorney with a great deal of M&A experience in the energy sector. He acted for MidAmerican Energy Holdings in its acquisition of NV Energy in a deal with an enterprise value of $10 billion. Sources say: "Peter understands we need to get these deals done. He knows where we want to be and works very hard to get us there."

Nicholas Politan is a transactional attorney noted by sources for his knowledge of the IPP sector and the renewables industry. He represented MidAmerican Energy Holdings in its acquisition of Topaz Solar Farms in a deal worth $2.4 billion. "He has incredible deal experience, he is one of these guys who has seen everything five times," reports one commentator. 

William Hollaway is a regulatory lawyer who focuses on representing clients in connection with electricity matters. He advised Hudson Transmission Partners in the FERC regulatory aspects of its development of a transmission line connecting the NYISO and the PJM grid in New Jersey. Sources say: "His knowledge of FERC and its regulations as it relates particularly to power transmission is encyclopedic." Sources also note his "very commercial viewpoint and practical approach." 

Significant clients Hawaiian Electric, Sempra Energy, BP Wind Energy North America, Fowler Ridge Wind Farm, Edison Mission Energy. 

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Miami, New York, Houston and DC.

What the team is known for Well-regarded natural gas pipeline regulatory practice. Maintains a wealth of expertise concerning FERC-related matters and is noted for its fine track record in rate cases and pipeline development work. 

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They have a nice balance of good, detailed legal analysis and comprehension, with a very strong business focus."

Work highlights Acts for the State of Alaska in relation to a proposed gas pipeline to connect Alaska's North Slope with Canada, the contiguous USA or a proposed LNG terminal.

Represented El Paso Natural Gas in a seven-week rate case before the FERC.

Notable practitioners  

Kenneth Minesinger has a good reputation among his clients and fellow regulatory lawyers. Recent significant mandates include acting for Tennessee Gas Pipeline in a tariff rate case before the FERC. Sources say: "He is very thorough, he has a good written product and a good demeanor in the hearing room."

Douglas Atnipp is a Houston-based energy transactional and finance attorney. He acted for Brevet Capital Special Opportunity Fund in relation to a $60 million sale of oil and gas assets in Louisiana. "He is very levelheaded, extraordinarily experienced, and he understands the nuances of oil and gas transactions," notes one interviewee.

Howard Nelson is an experienced gas regulatory lawyer who has practiced before FERC for many years, both as an in-house lawyer and in private practice. He acted for ANR Pipeline Company in a FERC case related to the recovery of off-system capacity.

Significant clients Wyoming Interstate, Kinder Morgan, Mojave Pipeline, TransCanada.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston, Los Angeles, New York, Denver and DC.

What the team is known for A regulatory powerhouse with experienced lawyers able to handle regulatory matters and litigation in areas such as electricity, oil and gas, and the nuclear sector. Its electricity lawyers focus on representing regulated utilities in matters related to FERC, the DOE and CFTC. It has a strong natural gas practice which is known for its representation of pipeline clients in regulatory matters. Its nuclear team is able to advise on the NRC, DOE and nuclear export matters. Also noted for the strength of its internationally focused mining practice.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"What I appreciate is the broader perspective and nuance that they bring to the analysis of regulatory permitting issues. They really have a very reasoned and deliberate analysis. They can connect the dots; they understand that what you are focusing on is connected with other areas where you need to make progress."

"They tailor their level of response to what we need; these guys are really flexible and efficient."

Work highlights Advised Chevron Pipe Line in connection with its interest in the Trans-Alaska Pipeline. Its lawyers counseled the client on FERC and Regulatory Commission of Alaska matters.

Acted for Northeast Utilities to obtain a Presidential Permit for cross-border electricity transmission lines between Quebec and New England.

Represented Green Mountain Power in obtaining NRC approval for its merger with Gaz Metro. 

Acted for BHP Billiton New Mexico Coal in relation to the sale of its subsidiary, BHP Navajo Coal.

Notable practitioners  

Kevin Lipson is a regulatory attorney and litigator with a strong reputation in the natural gas sector. He advised NiSource in connection to a settlement, authorized by FERC, between an interstate pipeline and its customers, related to investment needed to modernize the pipeline. Sources say: "He is an outstanding adviser; he has a wealth of experience in the area and his judgment is very sound."

Patrick Nevins is noted for his regulatory and disputes experience in gas and liquid pipelines and LNG matters. He advised Dominion Cove Point LNG in relation to issues such as DOE and FERC approval for an LNG export terminal, in addition to civil litigation related to the project. "He has the full skill set: writing, oral advocacy, cross-examination and a wonderful demeanor to wrap it all together," notes one positive interviewee. 

Daniel Stenger has a great deal of experience in issues such as nuclear licensing and dealing with the NRC and DOE. He acts for Constellation Energy Nuclear Group in connection with matters such as licensing, decommissioning and nuclear liability insurance. Sources say: "He brings added value because he thinks beyond the assignment and will offer me strategic context to my questions." 

Ajay Kuntamukkala focuses on international trade and export control matters in relation to the nuclear industry. He represents clients before government bodies such as the DOE, the DOC and the Treasury. He advised Toshiba America Nuclear Energy in relation to nuclear export control. Commentators remark: "He is someone that understands the rules, is not needlessly adversarial, looks for solutions in the bounds of the regulations, and he has respect and credibility among the government personnel."

Stefan Krantz is a well-respected FERC regulatory lawyer with a client list that includes natural gas pipelines, natural gas storage companies, and oil and gas marketers. He advised TransCanada in relation to FERC regulatory and compliance matters, including rate cases and certificate hearings.

John Lilyestrom advises electricity clients in relation to FERC regulatory matters and NERC reliability standards. He acted for NV Energy in obtaining regulatory approval for its $5.6 billion acquisition by Mid-American Holdings. "He is an extraordinarily good writer, a very clever lawyer, and extraordinarily careful and organized," reports one source.

Mary Anne Sullivan is a regulatory lawyer whose experience across the energy sector is acknowledged by peers and clients. She was part of the Hogan Lovells team that advised Louisiana Energy Services in relation to regulatory and legislative issues connected to its development of a commercial uranium enrichment facility in New Mexico. Sources say: "She can rapidly understand any complex issue and craft a correct or common-sense approach to dealing with it from a legal perspective."

John Stough has a FERC and state-level regulatory practice. He is particularly noted for his representation of electricity utilities and lenders in the power sector. He advised Cleco, an electricity utility, in connection to matters such as the recovery of capital costs and tariff rates for transmission. "He is good at representing the client before the commission and he is a natural born negotiator," notes one interviewee.

Amy Roma is an associate in the firm's nuclear practice. She was part of the team that assisted NAC International with NRC and DOE issues related to its acquisition by Hitachi Zosen. Sources say: "She is very responsive and hard-working, very talented and also very experienced in licensing proceedings."

Significant clients Neutron Energy, Gen4Energy, California Independent System Operator, Anadarko, American Electric Power. 

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston, Richmond, New York and DC.

What the team is known for Home to a number of talented regulatory lawyers with particular strength in the electricity sector. Advises on matters such as cybersecurity, RTO and ISO issues, and reliability matters. Additionally recognized for its well-regarded electricity finance group.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"Straightforward experts who know what they're doing."

"They have a really good understanding of what is going on in the industry. They bring a real sense of practicality and their support team is very strong."

Notable practitioners  

Donald Irwin is a well-regarded administrative law and regulatory lawyer with a great deal of experience in the nuclear sector. He advises on issues such as licensing and spent fuel litigation. Sources say: "He is very good at dealing with the regulators," said one impressed source.

Linda Walsh is a FERC regulatory lawyer who focuses on the electricity sector. Sources say: "She is very capable and knowledgeable," and "really excellent when it comes to the electricity reliability standards."

Emmett Ellis focuses on representing electrical utilities and investment banks in finance matters. He acted for Texas New Mexico Power in a $93 million financing. Sources say: "He has a tremendous reputation in the market with both the banks and the energy industry." 

Michael Fitzpatrick practices in the electricity finance area, and is noted by peers for his knowledge and experience of the sector. He acted for Barclays Capital and RBC Capital Markets in relation to their purchase of senior secured notes offered by Oncor Electric Delivery. "He is a very good lawyer and he was very good at keeping the deals moving," notes one impressed source.

Peter O'Brien acts on capital market financings in the energy sector, often representing underwriters. He advised Wells Fargo Securities as the underwriters in Tortoise Energy Infrastructure's offer of 4.375% Mandatory Redeemable Preferred Shares. Sources say: "He is intelligent, understands the landscape well, and he is practical and efficient." 

Significant clients New York Independent System Operator, American Electric Power Company, CenterPoint Energy, JPMorgan Securities, NiSource.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston and DC.

What the team is known for Well-rounded power offering representing clients in relation to transactional and regulatory matters. Acts for clients in relation to development, acquisitions and dispositions, and FERC issues such as market design and ratemaking.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"I really like the complement of the regulatory practice with their federal appellate practice."

"They were very thorough and informed, and where they weren't informed they had access to people that were."

"Excellent service; very responsive and prompt turnaround on client requests."

Work highlights Acted for Tucson Electric Power in the negotiation of a settlement of a FERC proceeding related to the apportioning of costs for transmission system upgrades.

Advised DTE Electric in the negotiation of power purchase agreements related to two wind projects in Michigan.

Notable practitioners  

William Henze is an experienced transactional attorney with a good reputation in the electricity sector. One source said: "He was excellent, easy to work with and very approachable." Another praised his "deep knowledge of key risk areas and the relationship between all of the elements of a transaction from purchase agreements to financing, and the interplay between each."

Richard Avil has a natural gas pipeline and electricity regulatory practice. He counsels clients on issues such as regulatory enforcement and compliance, and matters such as rate cases and open seasons. In a recent highlight, he acted for two SCANA subsidiaries, South Carolina Electric & Gas and PSNC Energy, in rate cases before the FERC.

Jason Leif represents clients in litigation and regulatory matters with regard to the natural gas and LNG sectors. He acts for clients in cases before regulatory bodies such as FERC and CFTC. Sources describe him as "a highly regarded regulatory litigator" and add that he has a "reputation as a good advocate for his clients."

Significant clients American Electric Power, Constellation Energy, FirstEnergy, NRG Energy, Xcel Energy. 

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Seattle, Charlotte and DC.

What the team is known for Acts on regulatory and litigation matters for a wide variety of clients in relation to FERC, NERC and civil court matters. Client list includes utilities, IPPs, transmission owners, industry groups and hydropower companies.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"Top-notch ability to get the job done; they are always giving us the appropriate resources."

"They are a very even-keeled group of attorneys: they are all very even-tempered, very modest, but very authoritative and very comfortable in their own skin; they just win, they don't goad - anybody they just do the job."

Work highlights Acted for Duke Energy and a number of its subsidiaries in matters such as retail rates, demand-side management and energy efficiency, both at state and federal level.

Acted for PPL Electric in the negotiation among PJM Transmission Owners of a new rate for regional transmission projects.

Notable practitioners  

"Very intelligent and thoughtful lawyer" Donald Kaplan has a great deal of experience representing clients in relation to energy issues and was formerly the head of the DOJ's energy division. He represented PPL in a FERC proceeding to seek approval for the recovery of approximately $50 million in deferred taxes.

Significant clients Capital Power, Boralex, Apex Wind Energy, Seattle City Light, Edison Mission Energy 

Basic facts about the department Key offices include Atlanta, Houston, DC and San Francisco. 

What the team is known for Regulatory and litigation strength in the power and gas sectors. Focuses on representing IPPs and IPP industry groups before FERC and in litigation. Also particularly noted for its representation of interstate pipeline companies, gas storage groups and utilities in FERC, CFTC and general litigation matters.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)

"Strong grasp of the regulatory framework and a good business sense; they look at problems from a business perspective, they don't waste time, they are easy to work with and easy to be with, and not at all stuffy."

"They are at the top of their game, very knowledgeable about M&A on the regulatory side and very good on the litigation side."

Work highlights Represented the IPP trade association EPSA in connection with a variety of matters including its reaction to FERC demand response rulings.  

Assisted Tenaska with the regulatory issues surrounding its development of two solar projects in El Centro, California.

Acted for Leaf River Energy Center in acquiring FERC approval for the expansion of salt caverns to store natural gas.

Notable practitioners  

Neil Levy is one of the leading lawyers in the USA on matters related to the representation of IPPs. He is also noted for his strength when it comes to natural gas regulatory matters. Recent highlights include acting for LS Power in FERC proceedings connected with transmission rates. Sources say: "He has one of the deepest understandings of market power issues across the country."

James Bowe is a well-regarded regulatory lawyer who focuses on oil and gas work. He is particularly noted for his knowledge of LNG issues. He acted for Tres Palacios Gas Storage in FERC proceedings seeking authorization for an extension of its interstate pipeline header system. "He is hands-on, client-oriented, experienced and practical," reports one source.

David Tewksbury has an excellent reputation among clients and peers for his abilities as an electricity regulatory lawyer. He acted for USPowerGen, TCR and NRG in a number of FERC cases related to alleged failings of NYISO in its regulation of the New York electricity capacity market. One commentator remarks: "He understands the markets exceptionally well, he is a very good strategic adviser, he is extremely smart and a beautiful writer."

Bruce Richardson is described by one source as "Mr NERC," due to his knowledge of the NERC regulatory regime. He handles administrative litigation and regulatory matters in the electricity sector. He acted for NRG in a reliability must-run compensation matter before FERC in relation to facilities in the PJM market. Sources say: "He has a very good grasp of the technical and the legal."

Stephanie Lim is a highly regarded senior associate and focuses on FERC power regulatory work. "Her understanding of the issues and the quality of the pleadings is extremely high," reports one enthusiastic interviewee.

Grace Su is an associate in the firm's power regulatory team. She was part of the team that represented LS Power in connection with FERC proceedings related to the costs NV Energy could charge for use of its transmission infrastructure. "She is a very good writer and has a very good understanding of market issues," notes one impressed source.

Significant clients Shell, ENSTAR Natural Gas, Calpine, Entegra Power, New England Power Generators Association, Chevron, TPH Partners, Tenex Capital Partners.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include New York and DC.

What the team is known for Acts for energy companies in M&A deals and joint ventures. Noted for the strength of its restructuring practice, which works closely with its energy team.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are very quick, very smart; they are practical and a good firm to work with."

Work highlights Acted for NRG Energy in its $4.1 billion merger with GenOn.

Advised Sumitomo on its investment in Desert Sunlight Solar Farm.

Notable practitioners

Andrew Calder recently joined the firm from from Simpson Thacher & Bartlett. He handles corporate governance matters, securities work and M&A for clients in the oil and gas industry. He acted for Blackstone Energy Partners in relation to its formation of a partnership with LLOG Exploration and its investment of $1.2 billion in its Gulf of Mexico oil drilling operations.

Anthony Speier is a new addition to the firm from Baker Botts. He is noted for his oil and gas transactional expertise and while at his previous firm, was part of the team that represented Marathon Oil in relation to a series of oil and gas acquisitions and divestitures. Sources say: "He gets to the right answer with ease and he has a very holistic view of the various issues involved."

Significant clients PBF Energy, US Power Generating, National Grid, Madison Dearborn Partners, Edison Mission Energy.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston, New York, DC and San Diego.

What the team is known for Strong power group able to handle complex transactional and regulatory matters for its clients. Maintains a fine track record in midstream and upstream acquisitions and divestitures. Oil and gas group is increasingly viewed as a market leader following a number of shrewd lateral hires in recent years.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)

"They know the market, they know the industry and they know what other players are doing. They have a good sense of what is going on and can provide us with good, practical advice."

"I think they are excellent. They have extremely broad capabilities and a significant amount of expertise."

Work highlights Acted for LinnCo in its acquisition of Berry Petroleum in a deal valued at $4.3 billion.

Advised Sempra Energy in relation to its sale of a 625 MW power block of the Mesquite Power natural gas plant. 

Acted for a utility holding company in seeking the regulatory approvals for an internal reorganization of its subsidiaries into one unified holding company structure.

Notable practitioners  

Jonathan Rod is a capital markets lawyer with a fantastic reputation in the energy industry. Sources say: "He is very strong technically, he has very good industry knowledge and is very detail-oriented."

Oil and gas lawyer Robin Fredrickson focuses on midstream and upstream acquisitions and divestitures, development agreements and company formation. One source said: "She is a very strong advocate, very knowledgeable, and has a wonderful practice with a very loyal client base."

Michael Darden focuses on transactions and financings in the oil and gas arena. He acted for Sumitomo in its acquisition of a 30% interest of shale assets in the Permian Basin controlled by Devon Corporation. "He is a great oil and gas lawyer, very knowledgeable, really understands the industry and is very easy to work with," notes one commentator.

Michael Gergen is a well-regarded attorney who is particularly noted for his work on the regulatory aspects of transactions and financings in the power sector. He acted for Sempra energy in connection with the regulatory aspects of its financing of Copper Mountain Solar 2, a renewable energy project based in Nevada. As one commentator reports, "he is extremely knowledgeable about the area, he has very good instincts and is pleasant to work with."

David Schwartz is an experienced regulatory lawyer focusing on the power sector. Sources say: "He is incredibly knowledgeable about FERC matters, he is very commercially minded and practical, and has good business judgment."

Ted Sonnenschein has a broad corporate and transactional practice and is active in the utility sector. "He is just fantastic - I mean really, really good; has a great demeanor, is very straightforward and very smart," notes one interviewee.

Michael King is a transactional attorney who concentrates on the oil and gas upstream and midstream sectors. "He has got the total package; he has a good industry understanding, and a good understanding of the technical aspects of M&A and joint ventures," asserts one observer.

Oil and gas transactional attorney Jeff Munoz is recognized for his work in the upstream and midstream sectors, and handles finance matters, joint ventures, M&A, and acquisition and divestments of assets. Sources say: "He has a good finance head, he is practical and he has a good demeanor. Additionally, he is very creative, which is helpful in getting transactions completed."

Natasha Gianvecchio has a broad energy practice, but is particularly noted for her regulatory work for clients in the power sector. She represents clients before FERC and the DOE, and advises on issues such as market power and reliability. "She is very knowledgeable, very helpful and practical in helping us think through complex issues, and she has a very good insight into the commission and process," asserts one satisfied client.

David Kurzweil is a well-regarded deal lawyer who is active in the power sector. He represented LS Power Equity Partners in its sale of Blythe Energy, the operator of a gas-fired electricity generating plant, to AltaGas. "He is very levelheaded, very smart and very practical. He understands that his job is to get deals done and look for solutions," notes one commentator.

Kenneth Simon acts for electricity and oil and gas companies in relation to regulatory matters. He acts in FERC and state proceedings in connection to areas such as transmission, pipeline, project development and market design matters. Sources say: "He is a very versatile FERC lawyer; you will see him in electricity matters and gas matters, which makes him very valuable as he can work on lots of different transactions."

Significant clients Blackstone Energy Partners, Energy Transfer Equity, Barclays Capital, FirstEnergy, Gen.On.

Basic facts about the department
Key office is Houston.

What the team is known for Well-regarded energy practice, focused on representing clients in the oil and gas sector. Handles matters such as M&A and joint ventures in the upstream, midstream and downstream sectors.

Work highlights Acted for SandRidge Energy in a $2.6 billion deal to sell assets in the Permian Basin to Sheridan Holdings Company.

Advised Martin Midstream Partners in its sale of gas gathering and processing infrastructure in Texas and Louisiana.

Notable practitioners  

David Patton is a well-respected oil and gas attorney who cochairs the firm's energy group. He acted for Comstock Resources in its $811 million sale of assets in the Permian Basin to Rosetta Resources. "He respects lawyers on the other side and he is very knowledgeable in the oil and gas sector," reports one impressed commentator.

Significant clients Enterprise Products Partners, Southwestern Energy, High Sierra Energy, Helix Energy Solutions, Quantum Resources.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include DC and Richmond.

What the team is known for Electricity practice focusing on regulatory and compliance matters at state and federal level. Acts for clients in matters such as audits, enforcement actions and rate cases.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"I like the firm a lot because they are responsive, they follow up and they make sure my needs are met. In the world we live in you have to juggle a lot of issues at once and it's nice to know you are not just left there on your own."

"They have really developed their FERC practice and have become quite impressive in terms of their capabilities."

Work highlights Acted for Duke Energy in defense of a large contract and tariff claim at FERC.

Acted for Dominion Resources in a complaint against PJM at the FERC on market practice grounds.

Notable practitioners  

Noel Symons is a noted regulatory and compliance lawyer with a strong FERC practice. He acted for Great Plains Energy in an appeal in the DC Circuit Court related to compensation for the flow of energy over an interconnected transmission system. Sources say: "He is very bright and is an experienced litigator who knows how to manage compliance issues and cases," reports one impressed observer.

Todd Mullins focuses on representing clients in enforcement matters in relation to bodies such as FERC, CFTC and NERC. He acted for a number of former Barclays energy traders in a FERC investigation into the manipulation of energy markets. Sources say: "He knows the subject matter cold and he is a vigorous defender of his clients."

Significant clients Public Service Electric & Gas, Cleco, PNM Resources, Exelon, NiSource.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include New York, DC and Los Angeles.

What the team is known for Longstanding energy practice much noted for its experience in electricity transactions. Well versed in M&A, joint ventures, financing and private equity matters affecting the power sector, acting on behalf of a client base that includes financial institutions and hedge funds, as well as power companies.

Notable practitioners

Jonathan Green and Eric Silverman cochair the project finance group and are key contacts for energy matters.

Basic facts about the department
Key office is DC.

What the team is known for Boutique particularly noted for advising municipalities and electric cooperatives. Experienced in all facets of energy regulation and represents its clients at state level and before federal bodies such as FERC, the DOE, CFTC and NERC.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are good, solid lawyers and represent public power and co-op utilities well." 

"Excellent municipal utility firm." 

Notable practitioners

Robert O'Neil is a key contact.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston, DC and New York.

What the team is known for Dominant firm in the energy sector and strong across a number of disciplines. Maintains a fine track record in domestic and international transactions, including M&A, upstream and midstream transactions, and equity investments in the oil and gas arena. Also well versed in a variety of transactions, including M&A and joint ventures, on the electricity side. Enjoys a fine reputation for its oil and gas regulatory work, assisting clients such as oil shippers and gas pipeline companies with DOE and FERC matters. Additionally, is recognized for its regulatory strengths on the power side, handling matters concerning development, enforcement, reliability and regulatory compliance, including FERC Order 1000 compliance. Also singled out for the breadth and depth of its nuclear team.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"I think what makes them effective is their in-depth knowledge of the industry and that they can think strategically and not just from a purely legal perspective."

"When we are negotiating a contract with a utility they have been there and done that and can smoothly work through negotiations. If a utility throws up a roadblock they have probably seen it before and can help get past those issues."

Work highlights Acted for Contango Oil & Gas in relation to its merger with Crimson Exploration.

Advised BP Products North America in connection with rates proposed by Enbridge Southern Lights for a greenfield diluent pipeline.

Represented FirstEnergy Nuclear Operating Company in a contested administrative proceeding for a 20-year extension of a nuclear plant operating license.

Acted for Edison Electric Institute in an appeal to the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit regarding FERC's Order 1000. 

Acted for Ameren in connection with a tender offer and a senior secured notes issuance.

Notable practitioners  

David Asmus maintains an exceptional reputation for domestic and international oil and gas transactional work. He represented BG in its sale of shallow rights in oil and gas properties in eastern Texas and northern Louisiana. Sources say: "He provides balanced advice which makes us aware of the risks and how to manage them in advance."

Mark Haskell is a highly respected oil and gas regulatory attorney. He is particularly known for his practice representing natural gas shippers, but also represents clients such as LNG and shale developers in connection with FERC, CFTC and DOE issues. Sources say: "He is a strategic thinker and he has the ability to cut through complexity and get to the nub of things in record time."  

Kathryn Sutton leads the firm's highly rated nuclear team, with sources noting her leadership abilities and commenting: "She has done an excellent job building that group." She is an experienced nuclear lawyer and focuses on licensing issues, including license extensions, technical amendments and obtaining new plant licenses. She advised Entergy Nuclear Operations in connection with its NRC proceedings to renew the license for its Indian Point facility.

Charles Moore is an experienced oil and gas regulatory attorney and a former deputy general counsel of FERC. He acted for BP (Alaska) in the regulatory proceedings related to its joint venture to develop gas pipeline infrastructure and an LNG export terminal on Alaska's North Slope. Sources say he "brings intelligence, focus and insight to his work, but couples it with a fabulous sense of humor."

Steven Frantz is a nuclear regulatory attorney with a practice that encompasses nuclear licensing issues, regulatory compliance, investigations and response to NRC enforcement actions. He was part of the team advising NNB GenCo in relation to its nuclear license applications for the proposed new nuclear facilities at Hinkley Point C in the UK. 

John McGrane is an experienced regulatory attorney who is well respected by peers and clients. Sources note his knowledge of energy policy, his well-developed understanding of electricity markets and his work on transmission issues. He advised National Grid on the regulatory issues pertaining to its $40 million equity investment in transmission developer Clean Line Energy Partners.

Douglas Davidson has a corporate and finance practice and is active in transactions in the power sector. He was part of the team that advised Highstar Capital on its acquisition of GWF Energy, the owner of three gas-fired facilities in California.

The "very effective" John Matthews is a highly regarded attorney, active in the nuclear sector. He has experience handling issues such as licensing, regulatory compliance, nuclear decommissioning matters, foreign ownership and nuclear financing issues.

Floyd Norton has a broad electricity regulatory practice which encompasses issues such as market power, ratemaking and reliability matters. He acted for DE Shaw group in connection with the regulatory issues connected to the development of a number of solar and wind projects. "He has the wisdom and breadth that comes from a distinguished practice in the electricity area," notes one impressed commentator. 

Mark Williams recently joined the team from Bingham McCutchen LLP. Williams is an electricity regulatory attorney who acts for clients in relation to matters such as transactions, project development and FERC litigation. "He is one of the most knowledgeable practitioners in this area when it comes to working with financial institutions; he understands not just the FERC regulation of financial institutions, but also how it fits into other types of financial regulation," a commentator reports.

John Hood has a corporate, finance and transactional practice which focuses on the electricity utility sector. He advised Entergy on the spin-off its transmission business and the creation of a new holding company.

Alex Polonsky is a "knowledgeable, practical attorney" who practices in the nuclear regulatory space. He handles matters such as NRC licensing, investigations, response to enforcement actions and export control issues. Sources say: "He has not only a substantive knowledge in this area, but also very extensive relationships with key officials."

Donald Silverman acts for clients in NRC proceedings and before other state and federal administrative bodies. He successfully represented GE-Hitachi Global Laser Enrichment in a license application and a hearing before the NRC to obtain a license to use laser technology in enriching uranium for nuclear power reactors. "He is a very good attorney who knows our company and interests well," a satisfied client asserts.

Richard Filosa has a broad practice in the power sector which includes project finance and development, M&A, and the acquisition and disposition of power assets. A commentator notes: "He is an excellent lawyer and really good to work with, responsive, practical and focused on getting the deal done."

Glen Bernstein focuses on electricity regulatory matters. Sources particularly note his knowledge of transmission and market design matters. He advised Entergy in connection with regulatory matters relating to its move to join the MISO RTO.

Thomas Giblin has a capital markets practice and a particular focus on representing power utilities. He played a lead role for Ameren in connection with a tender offer and a senior secured notes issuance. Sources note his high energy levels and say: "He will work around the clock if he has to."

Robert Reger focuses on capital markets and finance matters on behalf of power utilities. He acted as counsel to Goldman Sachs in the sale of $500 million of phase-in-recovery bonds, issued by Ohio Edison, Toledo Edison and Cleveland Electric Illuminating. "When it comes to gravitas, a guy like Bob has it," notes one commentator.

The firm recently mourned the passing of eminent nuclear expert George Edgar.

Significant clients ALLETE, Xcel Energy, Exelon, Shaw Areva Mox Services, Southwest Gas, Florida Power & Light.   

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston, New York, DC and Denver.

What the team is known for Robust oil and gas practice, regularly acting for clients in a wide variety of matters including offshore development, the sale and acquisition of oil and gas producing properties, petrochemical transactions and midstream deals. Noted also for its strength in oil and gas litigation and regulatory proceedings, particularly in relation to LNG matters.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"I think they have shown a deep understanding of the issues we have had to deal with, a deep understanding of the industry, and they have a strong interaction with regulatory bodies."

"They shine the most in client service: very attentive to clients, they return calls promptly, do work on time. They make me feel that we're their only client."

Work highlights Acted for Magnum Hunter Resources in the sale of its subsidiary, Eagle Ford Hunter, for $410 million.

Acted for Cheniere in securing DOE and FERC approvals for its Sabine Pass LNG export terminal project.

Advised Quicksilver Resources in the sale of 25% of its energy holdings in the Barnett Shale and a subsequent joint venture with the buyer to develop the properties.

Notable practitioners  

Michael Irvin heads the firm's transactional energy team in the USA. He practices domestically and internationally, leading transactions in both the US shale plays and in countries around the world. He advised Anadarko Petroleum in connection with the development of deep water oil and gas assets off the cost of Ghana. Sources say: "He has good substantive knowledge, he is easygoing and easy to work with."

Lisa Tonery is a regulatory lawyer with a great deal of experience dealing with agencies such as the DOE and FERC, and is commended for her knowledge of LNG matters. "She is extremely articulate and able to distill very complex procedural issues and bureaucratic complexities in a way that is easy to understand," reports one interviewee. 

The "smart and capable" Peggy Heeg advises energy companies on regulatory and corporate governance issues. Her practice includes counseling energy companies and energy trading firms on issues such as commodity regulation and regulatory compliance.

Deborah Gitomer is an oil and gas transactional attorney who is recognized by sources for her tough but constructive approach to deals. She acted for Petro-Hunt in relation to its sale of oil and gas assets in the Williston Basin in North Dakota to Halcon Resources. Sources say: "She has that combination of knowing what she is doing and getting key points across." 

Of counsel George Kutzschbach acted for Diamond Offshore Drilling in connection with a royalty matter valued at $177 million. Sources describe him as "an excellent lawyer with a great reputation."

Tania Perez has a regulatory practice which focuses on representing clients involved in the development of energy infrastructure projects. She was heavily involved in representing Cheniere in gaining the regulatory approval needed for its Sabine Pass LNG export terminal. "She is exceptionally responsive, very knowledgeable and very conscious of client needs," notes one impressed interviewee.

Patrick Groomes focuses on advising power clients in relation to transactional issues. He acted for Brookfield Renewable Power in its acquisition of a 378 MW hydroelectric facility and associated transmission system for $600 million. Sources say: "I think his strength is trying to listen to what the client needs."

Significant clients Mitsui & Co, Monroe Energy, Black Stone Minerals, Shell Oil, EOG Resources, ExxonMobil.

Basic facts about the department
Key office is DC.

What the team is known for Transactional activity in the power sector, including the purchase and sale of power assets and power portfolios, joint ventures and M&A. Acts for a diverse client group including investor-owned utilities, private equity groups, IPPs and transmission companies.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"Very good, very user-friendly and always available."

Work highlights Advised Energy Investors Fund in the sale of its interests in four gas-fired facilities with a cumulative generating capacity of over 1,000 MW.

Notable practitioners  

"Go-to FERC attorney" Adam Wenner is an experienced electricity regulatory attorney and a former FERC deputy general counsel. He acts for clients such as IPPs, transmission companies and investor-owned utilities in relation to NERC as well as FERC issues.

Significant clients Chevron Energy Solutions, EDP Renewables, GE Financial Services, Tennessee Valley Authority.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include DC and New York.

What the team is known for Highly respected nuclear regulatory practice, active in the USA and internationally. Its lawyers have experience in relation to issues such as nuclear licensing, appellate matters, export control and small modular reactor technology. At the forefront of the long-running spent nuclear fuel litigation and also active assisting on nuclear development in the Middle East.

Work highlights Assisting Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant on all areas of the structuring and financing of the plant in Turkey, which includes providing legal and regulatory advice on the project and offering counsel on negotiations with potential investors.

Notable practitioners  

Jay Silberg is a highly respected regulatory lawyer and litigator who is seen as one of the leaders of the nuclear Bar in the USA. He has a great deal of experience in matters related to the NRC and DOE, and is additionally known as an accomplished appellate attorney. Sources say: "He has got excellent analytical capabilities and he understands the government and court perspective as well, and he can bring that all to bear to bring balanced and effective legal advice."

David Lewis is a nuclear lawyer and the head of the firm's wider energy group. Sources appreciate his "tons of experience across the entire nuclear field," and particularly note his success in license renewal hearings.

John O'Neill is an energy lawyer with a great deal of experience in nuclear energy regulation, transactions and litigation, acting for clients both domestically and overseas. "He is someone who has leveraged his technical background for good use to become successful in the business," reports one commentator.

Charles Peterson has a broad practice in the nuclear space, which includes licensing matters, transactions, project development and nuclear fuel transactions. Sources appreciate the level of knowledge and experience he is able to bring to bear as a result of his varied background in the nuclear industry. 

David Baxter is a corporate and securities lawyer with a practice that includes representing energy companies in capital markets and financing matters. He acted for Mitsubishi UFJ Securities, RBS and SunTrust Robinson Humphrey in relation to the issuance and sale of $100 million of senior secured notes by the Arizona Public Service Commission. 

Jeffrey Delaney advises issuers and underwriters in connection to energy financing matters. He acted for Morgan Stanley, which was acting as underwriter, in the issuance and sale of $127.8 million in bonds by Martin County Industrial Development Authority on behalf of Indiantown Cogeneration. Sources say: "He is an engaging lawyer and has a levelheaded approach to solving problems."

Anthony Terrell acts on behalf of issuers, underwriters and purchasers in energy-related securities matters. He advised the underwriters in the remarketing of $196 million of revenue bonds that had been issued to finance projects by Southern California Edison Company. "He is so knowledgeable in what we need and he really tries to make sure he is coming at things in a practical way," avers one highly impressed interviewee.

Significant clients Chevron, Pennsylvania Power & Light (PPL), Progress Energy Carolinas, Florida Power & Light (FPL), Emirates Nuclear Energy (ENEC), Luminant Generation.

Basic facts about the department
Key office is Houston.

What the team is known for Well-known Houston-based firm active in the oil and gas sector on both domestic and international matters. Noted for the experience and strength of its transactional attorneys. Its lawyers handle matters such as the acquisition and disposition of energy assets and M&A deals.

Work highlights Acted for Par Petroleum in connection with its acquisition of Tesoro Hawaii, the owner of retail, refining and distribution infrastructure in Hawaii, in a deal worth $75 million. 

Advised the Special Committee of Gulfport Energy in its acquisition of acreage in the Utica Shale for $220 million.

Notable practitioners  

Randall King is described as "very, very strong in oil and gas transactions." He has a broad-based energy practice which encompasses elements such as M&A, acquisition and disposition of energy assets, and joint ventures, in all sectors of the oil and gas industry. 

Robert Thomas is an oil and gas transactional attorney who represents clients in upstream, midstream and downstream deals, in the USA and further afield. He acted for Chevron in its acquisition of 246,000 net leasehold acres in the Permian Basin from Chesapeake. Sources praise his commercial approach, with one saying: "He has spent enough time in-house inside the industry that he is really comfortable with what the businesspeople are worried about."

Significant clients BHPBilliton/Petrohawk Energy, W&T Offshore, EPL Oil & Gas, Macquarie Energy, PetroQuest Energy.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include DC and New York.

What the team is known for One of the major players in the liquid pipeline regulatory area. Excellent reputation in the industry and regularly represents pipeline clients in work such as rate cases, and matters concerning regulatory approval for development and investigations. Represents clients before FERC and the CFTC, and in state and federal court.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They bring the business judgment of knowing how to do things the way which a client expects them to be done." 

"I like that they are upfront about what our chances are of getting the outcomes we want."

Work highlights Acted for ExxonMobil Pipeline Company in FERC and Regulatory Commission of Alaska proceedings related to rates for oil transportation on the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System.

Represented Magellan Pipeline in two market-based rate applications before the FERC. 

Notable practitioners  

Eugene Elrod is a highly respected attorney who is seen by peers as a leader of the oil pipeline bar. In one recent mandate he represented Kinder Morgan in connection with the regulatory aspects of its proposal to reverse the flow of a pipeline between Illinois and Alberta, in order to transport light liquid hydrocarbons to Canada. "He is frequently the smartest guy in the room but never acts as if he is," notes one source, who goes on to say: "People know that when he gives an opinion they need to respect it because he is probably right."

William Williams focuses on representing oil and gas pipeline companies in FERC matters. He acted for Explorer Pipeline in a successful petition to FERC related to rate structure and priority access to capacity. Clients praise his personable approach and his knowledge of the industry.

James Rice is a respected oil and gas deal attorney who is well liked by peers for his solution-oriented approach to transactions. He acted for Avista Capital in a sale of leasehold in the Utica Shale to Halcon Resources for approximately $100 million. "A very thoughtful lawyer with a very good demeanor; he listens well and advocates well for his clients." 

Litigator Stan Berman concentrates on representing utilities and other power clients in FERC proceedings, state commission matters and in the courts. He acted for Pacific Gas and Electric in a four-month FERC trial where his client and its co-litigants received a favorable decision regarding the $2 billion worth of claims at stake. Sources say: "He truly is a counselor for us; he has such an intimate understanding of FERC, FERC orders and tariffs that cover transmission business." 

Christopher Lyons advises oil and gas pipeline clients in relation to regulatory issues. He acted for Mobil Pipe Line in a successful petition to FERC for a declaratory order approving capacity and rate proposals related to a pipeline system between New Mexico and refineries in Nederland, Texas. "He has a very keen sense of the things that might create an issue or raise a red flag," notes one interviewee.

Significant clients National Petrochemical and Refiners Association, American Electric Power, Commonwealth Edison, Duke Energy, Exelon.  

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include DC, New York and Houston.

What the team is known for Highly rated group with experience advising on some of the biggest transactions in the power industry. Especially recognized for its roles in public company M&A deals, sources cite the firm's sophistication and bench strength as the key to its success in this area. Sources also note the strength of other complementary practices such as private equity and finance as a key reason for using Simpson Thatcher on large deals.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"Commercial, savvy and able to come up with creative solutions." 

"Their partners are very knowledgeable and able to guide us, but they will also listen to us and are prepared to follow the trail of what we are trying to do."

Work highlights Represented ITC in its acquisition of Entergy's transmission business in a deal that would create a transmission company with a rate base of approximately $7.1 billion.

Advised Eaton in its $13 billion acquisition of Cooper Industries. 

Notable practitioners 

David Lieberman advises clients such as utilities and private equity firms in the acquisition and disposition of power assets and in large M&A deals. Sources praise his creative and thoughtful approach to solving problems and closing deals. An impressed client said: "He has a great temperament for being a transactional lawyer: he gets things done in an efficient manner and gives great advice."

Significant clients American Electric Power, The Carlyle Group, Energy Capital Partners, PPL, Barclays Capital.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include New York, DC and Houston.

What the team is known for Widely regarded as one of the leaders in the US power market, with an excellent transactional team, handling some of the largest transactions in this space. Standout group of FERC lawyers, which maintains a fine reputation for its enforcement defense work. Additionally, assists clients from all areas of the oil and gas industry on matters including acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures and financing. Also enjoys a fine track record for its regulatory work in the oil and gas sector, advising clients on matters such as regulatory approval for the development of midstream and downstream infrastructure.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are extremely knowledgeable yet pragmatic in approach. They do not push overly conservative or aggressive positions. They are very responsive to client time constraints yet the work product is always excellent."

"They all have a wonderful work ethic and are remarkable lawyers; they see so many deals that they know how to handle the tough situations."

Work highlights Acted for Société Générale Energy on the sale of its North American wholesale gas and power trading business to J. Aron & Company, a Goldman Sachs subsidiary.

Represented BHP Billiton in a shareholder class action that challenged its $12.1 billion purchase of Petrohawk Energy.

Represented Barclays Bank in connection with a FERC enforcement action related to allegations centered on its trading activities in the Western US energy markets.

Acted for Spectra Energy in its $1.5 billion acquisition of the Express-Platte pipeline system which supplies oil from Western Canada to the USA.

Notable practitioners  

Clifford Naeve is viewed by sources as "the best in the business" when it comes to regulatory matters in the power sector. Impressed sources describe him as "the premier standard bearer in this area." He advised GenOnEnergy in relation to the regulatory aspects of its $6 billion merger with NRG Energy. Sources say: "He has great judgment and a great understanding of how to negotiate the regulatory process when trying to achieve a critically important deal."

Sheldon Adler is recognized for his experience and skills in handling M&A in the power sector. He acted for National Grid in its sale of Granite State Electric and Energy North Natural Gas to Liberty Energy Utility in a deal worth $285 million. "He has very good business acumen and provides good, strategic, tactical advice," reports one impressed interviewee.

John Estes is seen by sources as one of the leading US lawyers for guiding clients through the regulatory process. He acted for JPMorgan in relation to FERC's investigation into its activities in the MISO and California ISO RTO regions. Sources say: "He has argued before every court in the land, he understands everything and he has excellent recall; a genius writer, and when he drafts a brief it gets a level of attention that others may not get." 

The excellent John Moot is a FERC attorney who counsels clients in the electricity sector in relation to matters such as enforcement action, market manipulation, market power and transactions. He acted for Entergy in connection with the regulatory aspects of the spin-off of its transmission group and its proposed merger with ITC.

William Conway has a varied background in the energy sector, experience that allows him to ably assist clients with a wide variety of transactional and regulatory matters. He acted for Dynegy in connection with the regulatory aspects of its acquisition of Ameren Energy Resources for $825 million. "He does a phenomenal job making sure we are in compliance with FERC regulations and he always knows how to navigate the tough issues," remarks one very satisfied client.

Pankaj Sinha is an M&A lawyer with an excellent track record for deals in the utility area. He represented USEC, a supplier of nuclear fuel to electric utilities, in its $45 million sale of NAC International to Hitz Holdings. Sources say: "He is a phenomenal lawyer; he has amazing commercial insight and is very calm amid chaos." 

Significant clients Occidental Petroleum, Devon Energy, Morgan Stanley, TECO Energy, NRG Energy.

Basic facts about the department
Key office is DC.

What the team is known for Established reputation acting for clients such as municipalities and cooperatives in electricity regulatory and litigation matters. Handles a wide variety of work including capacity market and market power issues, FERC litigation and reliability issues.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are very responsive and keep us appraised, are very accessible when we have questions, and they give good advice; they are good on strategy and their instincts are very good."  

"They have attorneys with a very substantial knowledge of the subject matter, so you don't have to spend time getting them up to speed or training them; they know the problems and they are efficient at dealing with them."

Work highlights Represented Connecticut Public Utilities Regulatory Authority in connection with a FERC complaint brought against New England's transmission owners, which sought a reduction in the return on equity transmission that owners receive as part of the state's federally regulated transmission rates.

Acted for New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel in FERC proceedings to object to PJM's proposed changes to its buyer-side market power rules.

Notable practitioners  

Cynthia Bogorad advises municipalities and electricity cooperatives in legislative and regulatory matters. She acted for the Transmission Access Policy Study Group, an industry group of electricity utilities, in its contribution to FERC rulemaking proceedings regarding reliability and cybersecurity issues. "If you are looking for someone to turn around a written project or talk over strategy she is really very good," notes one source.

Scott Strauss acts for clients such as municipalities, ratepayer groups and electricity cooperatives in litigation before FERC, state commissions and in the courts. Sources say: "He is very knowledgeable on the subject matter, very effective in terms of cross-examination, his writing is excellent, and he hones in and identifies issues that aren't obvious." 

Significant clients State of Maryland, Florida Municipal Power Agency, Utility Workers Union of America, Northern California Power Agency.

Basic facts about the department
Key office is DC.

What the team is known for Excels at energy regulatory and litigation work related to the electricity and oil and gas sectors. Represents clients in matters before FERC and in the courts related to issues such as market manipulation, transmission and antitrust. Also viewed as having one of the best pipeline regulatory practices in the country.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are very knowledgeable on regulatory issues and bring a tremendous amount of experience; they are very sophisticated lawyers and can handle complex issues very efficiently."

"They not only know the law, but are very pragmatic, really even-keeled, well-informed advisers."

Work highlights Represented TE Products Pipeline Company (TEPCO) in a FERC matter related to a cost-of-service rate increase for TEPCO's transportation of natural gas liquids and petroleum products.

Represented Southern California Edison before FERC and in courts in DC and California in litigation stemming from the California power crisis of 2000-01. 

Notable practitioners  

Steven Brose has a superb reputation and is widely considered by market sources to be one of the deans of the oil pipeline Bar. He represents pipeline companies in matters such as FERC rate cases and development approval matters. Sources say: "He has a real keen feel for the issues that are important and comes up with very common-sense approaches to address issues."

Douglas Green represents utilities in litigation and in regulatory matters related to bodies such as FERC, the DOE and DOJ. He is especially singled out for his knowledge of market power issues and antitrust matters. "He has a great ability to assess a case and evaluate what the strengths and weaknesses are, and he gives very measured and mature advice on how to deal with high-stakes litigation," notes one impressed interviewee.

David Raskin acts for clients in FERC matters in the electricity space. He is singled out by sources for his skills as an advocate and for his knowledge of FERC rate cases and transmission matters. "He is an excellent lawyer; he listens to clients and very actively tries to understand their problems, and he is sincere in getting them the service they need," reports one commentator.

Steven Reed is a highly respected attorney and focuses on representing oil pipeline companies in FERC proceedings. He advised Enbridge Energy in connection with a protest that had been filed at FERC claiming that his client had unlawfully prevented another pipeline company from connecting to its system. Peers describe him as "seasoned, very knowledgeable, with great relationship skills."

Richard Roberts is an experienced electricity attorney with a practice that encompasses litigation, regulatory matters and restructuring. He represented PSEG Power in federal court litigation that challenged the constitutionality of the Maryland Public Service Commission's program to subsidize the building of new power generation facilities. Sources say: "He has an encyclopedic knowledge of electricity law and he is knowledgeable, bright and politically savvy."

Daniel Poynor focuses on representing oil pipeline companies in state and federal regulatory proceedings. Recent highlights for Poynor include acting for Enterprise Products in a number of FERC matters. "He is a really bright guy and he has a creative way of presenting arguments," asserts one source. 

Steven Ross is an experienced FERC lawyer who represents clients in the electricity sector. He acted for American Electric Power in restructuring its Ohio subsidiary in order to comply with Ohio's regulations for retail competition. 

Significant clients ConocoPhillips, BP Pipelines, Western Refining Pipeline Company, American Transmission Company, Duke Energy. 

Basic facts about the department
Key office is DC.

What the team is known for Electricity regulatory and litigation practice representing clients such as municipalities, cooperatives and developers. Advises clients in relation to FERC and NERC matters including rate cases, transmission issues and reliability enforcement.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"Extremely knowledgeable and effective representatives of our interests. Significant contacts within both FERC and NERC, and very well respected by both organizations."

"Highly respected and effective advocates and advisers on FERC and NERC-related matters for their electric utility clients."

Work highlights Represented the Arkansas Public Service Commission before FERC and in the DC Circuit Court of Appeals in a variety of Entergy System Agreement matters.

Advised Old Dominion Electric in two FERC cases where electricity utilities attempted to recover costs for abandoned transmission projects

Notable practitioners  

Adrienne Clair is a FERC lawyer who is recognized by peers for her work for clients in the power industry. Sources describe her as "knowledgeable about FERC matters, very well respected and very conscientious." 

Harvey Reiter is a well-regarded FERC attorney who is noted by sources for his work in appellate cases and for his knowledge of antitrust matters. He acted for the City of Glendale in connection with the review of contracts for purchase and transmission of power from sources in Utah.

Significant clients Sacramento Municipal Utility District, Vermont Department of Public Service, Phoenix Solar, Nevada Bureau of Consumer Protection, Large Public Power Council. 

Basic facts about the department
Key office is New York.

What the team is known for Advises clients in the power sector in relation to M&A. Additionally recognized for the strength of its mining group, which acts domestically and internationally in relation to M&A and the acquisition and disposition of interests in mines and mining companies.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"Sensitive to the evolution and dynamics of the negotiations, and this was very important; not just pure law expertise but an understanding that there is a deal to be struck."

"Great lawyers, thoughtful approach, well prepared."  

Work highlights Represented Anglo American in its sale of 70% of its interest in the Amapá iron ore facility to Zamin Ferrous.

Advised Goldman Sachs, as financial advisers to Power One in its acquisition by ABB. 

Notable practitioners  

Joseph Frumkin is a highly regarded transactional attorney who has acted for clients on major deals in the power sector. Sources describe his approach to deals as "practical, no-nonsense, 'let's cut to the bottom line and get it done'."

Tia Barancik is an M&A attorney with a great deal of experience dealing with companies and transactions regulated by FERC. She advised TIAA-CREF in connection with its acquisition of an indirect minority interest in Astoria Energy II. 

Significant clients Merrill Lynch, Nippon Steel, CST Mining, Cameco.

Basic facts about the department
Key office is DC.

What the team is known for Represents clients in regulatory and litigation matters in the electricity sector. Active FERC practice advising clients in relation to matters such as transmission, market design and regulatory enforcement.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are very creative in problem solving and very fast in giving us a really comprehensive document."

"They view themselves as part of the business rather than an ancillary service provider, and the advice they provide is very practical and makes you aware of the legal risks you take by choosing a course of action."

Work highlights Acted for Sharyland Utilities to obtain regulatory approval for the construction of transmission lines in the Electric Reliability Council of Texas area.

Notable practitioners  

Keith McCrea focuses on representing clients in FERC matters. He acts for clients such as power marketers, developers and energy end users in relation to matters such as regulatory compliance, market power and rate cases.

Daniel Frank represents clients in the electricity sector in relation to FERC, NERC and state-level regulation. He acts for clients such as electricity cooperatives, utilities and developers in relation to matters such as regulatory enforcement, reliability and transmission issues. Sources say: "He is a standup lawyer; he knows how to be effective and he knows how to negotiate."

Catherine Krupka represents clients such as energy marketers and financial services companies in connection with regulatory compliance and enforcement related to bodies such as FERC, NERC, the DOE and CFTC. She acted for Vitol in market redesign matters related to ISO New England and NYISO. 

Significant clients Oglethorpe Power.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices are Dallas and Houston.

What the team is known for Oil and gas practice acting for clients in matters such as upstream, midstream and downstream transactions, M&A, investments, joint ventures and fund formation. Noted for the strength of its US practice and the experience of its lawyers in international oil and gas matters.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They know our business, they know the industry and they know the space extremely well, which gives us a good advantage."

Work highlights Acted for Chief Gathering in its $1 billion sale to Penn Virginia Resource Partners.

Advised TEAK Midstream in relation to its sale to Atlas Pipeline for $1 billion.

Notable practitioners  

Andrew Derman is a well-respected oil and gas attorney with a great deal of experience in international transactional and project development work. He acted for Sinopec in its acquisition of Oklahoma oil and gas assets from Chesapeake for $1.02 billion. Sources say: "He can get you the right answer faster because he has been part of formulating the right answers for such a long time."  

John Rain has an excellent reputation for his corporate and finance practice, which focuses on the energy space. He is particularly noted for his knowledge of production payments. "He is able to simplify complex concepts in a way that makes it easy to separate out the important from the unimportant," reports one impressed observer.

Significant clients Chief Oil & Gas, Kosmos Energy, EnCap Investments, Petrobras, Oil India.

Basic facts about the department
Key office is DC.

What the team is known for Acts for electricity clients in regulatory and litigation matters. Noted for its expertise in issues such as transmission, FERC rate cases, RTOs, and NERC issues. 

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They establish unique relationships with regulators and administrative law judges, and the clients get the benefit of that."

Notable practitioners  

Bonnie Blair represents energy clients in relation to issues such as rates, antitrust and restructuring. She is particularly noted for her work in the California ISO area. Client sources say: "She has such a good grasp of the rules that we listen to her for commercial and legal advice."

Margaret McNaul represents electricity clients in FERC and appellate court matters. Sources single her out for her impressive knowledge of NERC reliability standards and issues, and also reserve praise for her "very solid legal reasoning." 

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Atlanta and DC.

What the team is known for Advises clients such as investor-owned utilities and developers in relation to FERC matters such as market design, transmission rate cases and transactional approval. Additionally represents clients before state public service commissions.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They know FERC inside and out."  

Work highlights Acted for Northern Indiana Public Service Company in a dispute related to the right to develop transmission lines in the Midwest ISO.

Represented NV Energy in two FERC rate cases that aimed to increase rates for electricity transmission services.

Notable practitioners  

"Excellent lawyer" Lisanne Crowley is a well-respected regulatory attorney who practices in the natural gas sector. Sources single her out for her well-rounded practice, which includes acting for natural gas distribution companies, gas pipeline and storage companies, and energy marketing companies. She counseled Iroquois Gas Transmission System in relation to FERC and transactional issues related to its expansion of its Constitution Pipeline development. 

Daniel Larcamp acted for Ameren in connection with its sale of Ameren Energy Resources to Dynegy. "He is very strategic, detail-oriented and just excellent," note sources, who also reserve particular praise for his breadth of knowledge concerning FERC.

Arthur Domby is a highly regarded nuclear lawyer who handles work such as NRC licensing and regulatory compliance. Sources praise his proactive approach and his skills as a communicator.

Clifford Sikora is a FERC attorney who acts for electricity clients in relation to matters such as RTO litigation, transmission and generation rate cases, merger approval and defense of enforcement actions. He represented ITC Midwest in a dispute with ATC related to the issues surrounding a proposed 136 mile electric transmission line.

Significant clients AGL Resources, Iberdrola Renewables, Indianapolis Power & Light, Louisville Gas and Electric Company, PacifiCorp.

Basic facts about the department
Key office is DC.

What the team is known for Energy regulatory practice adept at advising clients in power and natural gas and oil matters. Advises clients in the power area in relation to regulatory enforcement and compliance, policy matters and litigation, and in relation to specific issues such as transmission rates, market design, and project development permitting and approval. Recognized for the strength of its natural gas pipeline practice, assisting clients with issues such as rate cases, pipeline safety and pipeline development.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They have done it a long time and, probably most importantly, they have enjoyed a very good relationship with the regulator; they know who to call and they know what the right approach is." 

"They bring exceptional expertise to the situations that we have, not only from a legal perspective but a policy and advisory perspective."

Work highlights Advised Columbia Gas Transmission in a settlement with its customers and subsequent FERC approval that allowed it to recover a return on its capital investments in order to improve the safety and reliability of the service.

Acted for Tallgrass Energy Partners and Texas Gas Transmission in FERC proceedings to convert natural gas pipelines for the use of natural gas liquids and oil.

Represented Avista Energy in a FERC hearing related to the Western power crisis of 2000-01.  

Notable practitioners  

Lawrence Acker represents power and natural gas clients in FERC proceedings. He acted for Sempra LNG and Cameron Interstate Pipeline on FERC approval for an LNG export terminal and associated gas pipelines. Sources say: "He is incredibly responsive and effective, and he has a great strategic mind and a lot of confidence."

Margaret Moore is an electricity regulatory lawyer whom peers describe as "one of the deans of the Bar when it comes to representing generators and marketers." She advised EDP Renewables North America (EDPRNA) in relation to the regulatory issues connected to investments in EDPRNA's wind projects by international investors. "She never misses a beat in litigation, she is very good with clients, she advises well and she is thoughtful," notes one source. 

Douglas Smith is a regulatory attorney who concentrates on representing power clients in FERC and DOE matters. He acted for Transource Missouri as FERC counsel for its Sibley-Nebraska City and Iatan-Nashua high-voltage transmission projects. "He is very knowledgeable; he has broad-ranging expertise and he can jump in on everything and do an excellent job," notes one impressed source.

Paul Korman has an excellent reputation as a FERC natural gas regulatory lawyer and litigator. He is particularly recognized for his representation of natural gas pipeline companies, and is highlighted by peers for his ability in guiding clients facing regulatory enforcement proceedings.

Gary Bachman acts for power clients in relation to issues such as project development, reliability and litigation. He acted for Puget Sound Energy in producing a FERC-approved settlement that allowed his client to charge higher transmission rates to third-party wind generators interconnected with its system. "He is a very skilled litigator who fights very hard for his client," reports one commentator.

Howard Shapiro is an experienced attorney who represents clients in the electricity sector and is noted for his expertise in FERC proceedings and appellate matters.

Robert Nordhaus is a very well-respected energy attorney in the industry. He has a fine track record working in government and private practice, and he is described by commentators as "an extremely knowledgeable individual" and praised for his "exceedingly thoughtful" approach to matters.

Brian O'Neill is a FERC attorney with a notable oil and gas practice. He assisted Gulf South Pipeline in three abandonment applications to transfer pipeline assets to affiliates of the company to continue service under state regulation. 

Significant clients Boardwalk Pipelines, WBI Energy Transmission, Questar Pipeline Company, FutureGen Industrial Alliance, Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro. 

Basic facts about the department
Key office is DC.

What the team is known for Established reputation for representing petroleum, oil and natural gas liquid shippers in pipeline matters. Significant experience litigating at FERC in relation to matters such as rate cases and pipeline abandonment proceedings.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are fully capable of representing our interests and they can anticipate a lot of the issues we might have."

Work highlights Advised Air Transport Association of America as it filed comments with FERC supporting its decision to deny market-based rates authority to the Seaway pipeline.

Represented Delta Air Lines in a successful challenge to Buckeye Pipe Line Company's attempt to increase its rates.

Notable practitioners  

Richard Powers is a well-regarded regulatory litigator who is primarily recognized for representing shippers in pipeline cases. He acted for HWRT Oil in a successful challenge to TEPPCO’s application to charge market-based rates to destinations in Arkansas and Louisiana. Sources describe him as "an encyclopedia of FERC litigation."

Steven Adducci has a broad energy practice, representing natural gas and oil shippers, pipelines and electricity transmission companies in a wide variety of regulatory litigation. He represented Regency Field Services in filing a complaint to FERC seeking an order requiring that Black Lake Pipeline cease and desist from levying penalties against Regency on the grounds that Regency's NGL didn't meet the pipeline's specifications.

Significant clients AmeriGas Propane, Coffeyville Resources Refining & Marketing, MFA Oil, Marathon Petroleum Trading Canada, Ressler Propane.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include Houston, DC, Dallas and New York.

What the team is known for Leading energy firm recognized by sources for the preeminence of its oil and gas transactional practice, partnered with a strong regulatory group. Active in all sectors of the market, but particularly involved in large domestic upstream transactions and joint ventures. Acts for clients in the electricity sphere in transactions involving traditional and renewable power generating assets. Also supported by a well-respected regulatory team, adept in FERC and DOE regulatory compliance and litigation work.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"The combination of their practical and client-focused approach and experience and understanding is really what makes them attractive to me as a user of their services." 

"They are very responsive and creative; they know the law and they are very good at following up to make sure that they haven't missed anything." 

Work highlights Acted for QEP Resources in its acquisition of crude oil producing properties in the Williston Basin Assets for $1.38 billion.

Advised BG LNG Services in applying for DOE authorization to export up to 15 million tons per annum of LNG from its proposed LNG export facility in Lake Charles, Louisiana. 

Represented The Carlyle Group in its acquisition of Cogentrix Energy’s North American power generation assets.  

Acted for TransAlta Energy Marketing in FERC litigation related to the events of the California energy crisis of 2000-01.

Notable practitioners  

David Andril advises clients in connection with the commercial and regulatory aspects of the natural gas sector. His regulatory work includes representing natural gas pipelines and gas shippers in FERC and DOE matters. He acted for Freeport-McMoRan Energy in its application for an export license for its offshore Main Pass Energy Hub Deepwater Port LNG facility.

Douglas Bland has an extensive oil and gas practice that focuses on M&A and project development. He acted for Summit Midstream Partners in its acquisition of Bear Tracker Energy. Peers enjoy working with him and cite his tough but collaborative approach as a key ingredient in the completion of transactions.

Michael Rosenwasser is a respected oil and gas lawyer who is particularly singled out for his extensive knowledge of MLPs. Sources say: "He represents his clients well, has an incredible memory, and he is a very constructive and creative lawyer."

Anita Wilson is an experienced natural gas lawyer who represents clients in matters before bodies such as FERC and the DOE. Her clients include gas pipelines, gas storage companies and gas shippers. She acted for East Cheyenne Gas Storage in regulatory matters concerning compliance, rate and tariff issues. "She writes so beautifully; she is definitely the person I would go to if I needed to file something difficult and hard to explain," reports one impressed source. 

Stephen Angle is an electricity regulatory lawyer and litigator who assists clients in matters such as rate cases, transmission policy issues and NERC compliance. "He is very capable of guiding clients through the morass" of FERC regulations, notes one observer.

David Cohen is a corporate and M&A attorney with a very well-respected track record in the oil and gas sector. He acted for Pioneer Natural Resources in its sale of $1.7 billion of certain Permian Basin assets to Sinochem and on the joint venture between the two companies to exploit these properties. According to one interviewee, "he is unflappable, practical and solution-oriented."

John Decker has an extensive natural gas and electricity regulatory practice, often focusing on regulatory approval for transactions in both sectors. He acted as regulatory lead for Riverstone Holdings in its acquisition of a 2,649 MW power plant, and related assets, for $150 million. Sources say: "He is responsive, he gets things done quickly and accurately, and he has a good relationship with the regulator."

James Seegers is a natural gas regulatory lawyer and litigator whose clients include gas pipelines and gas storage companies. Sources appreciate his drive to fully understand his client's companies, and add that "he is able to find answers very quickly." He represented PAA Natural Gas Storage in obtaining a Presidential Permit and FERC Natural Gas Act approval for the construction of a pipeline crossing the US-Canada border.

John B Connally is a well-regarded oil and gas lawyer who focuses on M&A, joint ventures and private equity investments. He acted for Devon Energy in relation to its joint venture with Sumitomo, in which Sumitomo invested $1.4 billion in exchange for 30% of Devon's interest in assets in the Midland-Wolfcamp Shale and Cline Shale. "He is very smart, quick and very dedicated," and knows oil and gas "inside and out," report sources. 

Keith Fullenweider is a corporate and transactional lawyer with a great deal of experience handling deals in the energy sector. He is particularly noted for his private equity work. He acted for Silver Creek Oil & Gas in connection with a $100 million investment by private equity firm Crestview Partners. According to one interviewee, "he is an experienced and knowledgeable lawyer and has an extremely high client service orientation."

Henry May maintains "a stellar reputation" in the market. He comes much recommended for his regulatory and litigation strengths, particularly with regard to work in the natural gas arena.

Significant clients Total Gas & Power North America, Wayzata Investment Partners, Duke Energy, CenterPoint Energy, EnerVest.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices include DC and New York.

What the team is known for Accomplished power team able to serve its clients in a wide variety of regulatory and transactional matters. Also adept in handling the commercial and regulatory aspects of utility M&A, including representation before FERC with regard to issues such as the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) and RTO litigation.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are very good; they are a complete shop, so if you have any issue they handle it quickly and efficiently."

"They have a good understanding of the issues and they are able to provide very useful insights as to how to handle different matters."

"They are attorneys who protect their clients' interests very well. They think about everything in advance, they are strong in their knowledge of regulatory principles in the US and globally, and what impact that might have. They are good at assessing the market and in understanding the financial implications of a decision."

Work highlights Acted for Fortis in its $1.5 billion acquisition of CH Energy with respect to transactional and regulatory issues such as FERC and state-level approval.

Represented Occidental Chemical in litigation at state and federal level pertaining to Entergy's proposed entry into the MISO RTO.  

Notable practitioners  

Earle O'Donnell is an experienced electricity regulatory lawyer who acts for clients such as utilities, IPPs, energy trading companies and power end users in both state and federal regulatory matters. He advised Detroit Edison with the regulatory aspects of its development of a 212 MW wind farm in Michigan. "He is very knowledgeable and a good strategic thinker," notes one interviewee. 

Michael Shenberg enjoys a fine reputation for representing electricity clients in M&A. He advises energy companies and investors in the acquisition and divestment of energy assets, from substantial portfolios to single asset deals. Sources say: "Clients like him very much for his creativity, responsiveness and thoroughness."

Significant clients Goldman Sachs, Hess Corporation, Dynegy, Odebrecht Energia, Jefferies & Company.

Basic facts about the department
Key offices are San Francisco, DC and New York.

What the team is known for Respected nuclear team assisting clients with issues such as NRC licensing, regulatory compliance, and NRC enforcement actions and investigations. Also home to an electricity regulatory group consisting of lawyers with experience representing clients in regulatory matters and litigation at state and federal levels. Its work includes representation at FERC, project development, and representing clients investigated by bodies such as FERC and CFTC.  

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They are knowledgeable, experienced, sensitive to the clients' needs, and are cost-sensitive." 

"They have a very, very deep understanding of how the NRC operates."

"They are very effective communicators."  

Work highlights Counseled Chicago Bridge & Iron on the nuclear regulatory aspects of its $250 million acquisition of the Shaw Group.

Acted for the New York Transmission Owners in a dispute with ITC, related to an attempt by ITC to allocate costs for new phase angle regulators to customers in the NYISO and PJM regions.

Advised Honeywell International in relation to nuclear regulatory matters connected to its Metropolis Works Uranium Conversion Facility.

Notable practitioners  

The excellent David Repka advises on a wide range of issues including nuclear licensing, regulatory compliance, and regulatory enforcement and investigations. He represented UniStar Nuclear Energy in relation to its application for a combined operating license for its proposed Calvert Cliffs 3 nuclear power facility. Sources say: "He gives very measured practical advice and he has a very strong intuitive understanding of the regulatory framework."  

Raymond Wuslich is an energy regulatory attorney who practices in the electricity and natural gas sectors. Peers appreciate his creativity as an opponent and recognize him for his representation of IPPs. "He is able to take complex issues and present them in a very straightforward and understandable fashion," notes one impressed source.

Tyson Smith is an experienced regulatory lawyer, whom sources praise for his responsiveness and technical expertise. He acted for Pacific Gas & Electric in its application for a 20-year extension of its license for the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant.

Denmon Sigler recently joined the firm from Baker Botts and is noted for his experience in advising on transactions in the oil and gas upstream and downstream arenas. She receives much praise for her practical, business-oriented approach to matters.

Significant clients Sempra, Entergy Northwest, Atlantic Grid Operating Company, Ormat Nevada, CalWind Resources. 

Basic facts about the department
Key office is DC.

What the team is known for Energy regulatory boutique acting for clients in the electricity and natural gas industries. Maintains a fine track record acting for clients in a wide variety of FERC matters and has established a good reputation for its representation of ISOs and RTOs. Also much sought after by natural gas pipeline companies for its expertise in matters such as rate cases, project development and defense of enforcement actions.

Strengths (Quotes mainly from clients)
"They do excellent work; they are a boutique firm with very good service - very thorough, attentive, proactive and client-responsive."

"It's excellent work for reasonable fees. Probably what stands out is that they listen very carefully to the needs of the client."

Work highlights Advised Southwest Power Pool on the design of a new integrated energy and financial transmission rights market.

Defended Viking Gas Transmission in a federal rate investigation. 

Notable practitioners  

Barry Spector is a highly respected electricity regulatory attorney. Sources say: "He can aggressively represent his client's interests, but he has a sense of when is right to make compromises."

Joseph Koury focuses on representing oil and gas clients in FERC cases. He acted for Anadarko Petroleum in litigation related to state and federal pipeline rates. "He has a command of the facts and the law, and a disposition and demeanor which makes it easy to work through issues together," reports one impressed source.

Wendy Reed represents clients such as electricity utilities and transmission companies in regulatory matters and litigation. She advised MISO Transmission Owners in litigation related to the allocation of cost for transmission projects. According to one commentator, "she represents her clients effectively and is very knowledgeable about the rights and obligations of utilities in organized markets."

Arnold Podgorsky is an electricity regulatory lawyer focused on representing clients at FERC, before state commissions, and in state trial and appellate courts. He is a recognized presence in the industry and sources add that he produces "pleadings that hit the right note." 

Alan Statman is an experienced electricity lawyer who acts for clients such as transmission companies, IPPs and investor-owned utilities. He advised Powerlink Transmission in relation to its investment in two transmission companies in California. Sources describe him as a "very thoughtful, strategic thinker" who "has lots of experience to bring to the table." 

Michael Thompson acts for natural gas pipeline companies in regulatory matters at state and federal level. He represented Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line in its negotiation of a rate increase with gas shippers, state regulatory commissions and FERC. "He is a very seasoned FERC practitioner with excellent judgment," notes one interviewee. 

Wendy Warren represents clients in FERC and state-level regulatory proceedings. She was involved in the representation of Trans Bay Cable, the owner of a transmission cable connecting San Francisco and East Bay, in connection with filing a transmission revenue requirement under the California ISO tariff. "She is very client-focused, an excellent writer and good in the courtroom too," asserts one impressed observer.

Significant clients WSPP, Ameren, New Mexico Gas Company, Discovery Gas Transmission. 

Other Ranked Lawyers 其他上榜律师

Shortly prior to publication, Sandra Rizzo joined Arnold & Porter LLP from Bracewell & Giuliani LLP. Rizzo concentrates on representing clients in relation to issues such as regulated markets, NERC standards compliance, matters before FERC and litigation before federal courts. Sources say: "She is bright, hard-working, has a very can-do attitude, and clients find her very good to work with."

Poe Leggette recently joined Baker & Hostetler LLP from Norton Rose Fulbright. He has a regulatory and administrative litigation practice focused on the oil and gas sector. He particularly specializes in advising clients in relation to mineral development on federal and Indian land. "He is very knowledgeable about federal oil and gas regulation and has good connections with federal officials," note sources.

Howard Shafferman of Ballard Spahr LLP is an electricity regulatory lawyer who acts for clients such as ISOs, RTOs and utilities in relation to issues such as market design, system planning, operations and FERC litigation. He represented NYISO in a series of FERC hearings related to the issue of Midwest ISO trying to charge non-MISO customers for the costs of constructing phase-angle regulators at the Michigan-Ontario border.

Cogan & Partners LLP's John Cogan is a widely respected oil and gas lawyer who advises in a variety of transactional and financing matters in the oil and gas sector. He is particularly noted for his knowledge of the LNG business. Sources say: "He is an experienced lawyer, very smart and very client-oriented."

Becky Bruner of Davis Wright Tremaine LLP is an experienced electricity regulatory lawyer who represents clients such as transmission owners and merchant generators in state and federal regulatory litigation. Sources say she is "very smart, very capable, and she does good work for her clients."

Electricity regulatory lawyer Mark Perlis recently joined Davis Wright Tremaine LLP from Dickstein Shapiro. He was a member of the team that advised Calpine in relation to issues such as the interconnection of electricity generation projects. One peer said: "When you are negotiating with him you never doubt he is giving every ounce of his ability and expertise for the sole purpose of serving his clients."

James Vasile of Davis Wright Tremaine LLP is a FERC regulatory attorney who is particularly noted for his knowledge of regulatory issues faced by hydroelectric generation clients.

The "smart and capable" Sarah Fitts is cochair of the energy and natural resources group at Debevoise & Plimpton LLP. She is an experienced corporate attorney and comes recommended for her transactional work on behalf of power clients. 

Dickstein Shapiro LLP's Frederick Lowther has a broad energy practice encompassing oil and gas and electricity regulatory matters and project development. "He has a good business sense as well as being good on the legal front," notes one impressed interviewee.

Electricity regulatory attorney Sheila Slocum Hollis of Duane Morris LLP primarily focuses on the representation of municipalities. She acted for Trinity River Authority in connection with a FERC hydroelectric licensing matter. Sources say: "She had a very good understanding of the regulatory framework and her approach is subtle but effective."

Katherine Edwards of Edwards & Floom is a regulatory attorney who represents natural gas shippers in pipeline rate cases. Sources praise her interpersonal skills and her practical approach to litigation. She is also singled out for her depth of experience; one source said you "could drop her into the middle of a rate case and on day one she could assess the likelihood of success on the rest of the issues." 

Kevin Sweeney of John & Hengerer represents natural gas producers in regulatory matters, with sources singling him out as "very knowledgeable" and "very effective." 

Mayer Brown LLP's David Bloom has a broad regulatory practice encompassing oil, natural gas and electricity matters. Sources praise his "attention to detail, his efficiency and his experience level."

Thomas Moore of Mayer Brown LLP has a domestic and international oil and gas transactional practice. Sources describe him as "a very good lawyer" who "knows his stuff in the oil and gas contracting area very, very well." One satisfied client also says: "He has a lot of experience in the oil and gas sector. He guided us through a number of issues and he was very knowledgeable about it." Moore recently moved to Mayer Brown from Baker Botts.

Karol Lyn Newman of McDermott Will & Emery LLP is a natural gas regulatory lawyer whose clients include natural gas marketers, producers and industrial end users. In one recent matter, she advised Marathon Oil in connection with regulatory issues surrounding the transportation of shale gas from the Eagle Ford Shale in South Texas.

Jeffrey Watkiss of McDermott Will & Emery LLP has a broad energy practice, representing clients in relation to enforcement matters, regulatory compliance and litigation. Sources say: "He is very knowledgeable about the energy regulatory industry and he is an effective practitioner."

FERC Regulatory lawyer Robert Fleishman recently joined Morrison & Foerster LLP from Covington & Burling. He is particularly recognized for his experience handling FERC investigations and enforcement actions. According to one commentator, "he has a very in-depth knowledge of the law, and the history of regulations and the enforcement of regulations." 

The "very thoughtful" Robert Loeffler of Morrison & Foerster LLP is an experienced oil and gas regulatory and litigation practitioner. He advised the State of Alaska in a challenge to Trans-Alaska Oil Pipeline's decision to increase rates for shippers.

"Seasoned FERC attorney" William DeGrandis of Paul Hastings LLP advises electricity clients in regulatory matters including support on transactions and project development. He acted for Acciona Energy North America in relation to interconnection and transmission issues related to a number of wind and solar projects.

 Pierce Atwood LLP's Randall Rich represents natural gas clients in regulatory proceedings before the FERC and at state level. He acted for the Independent Oil & Gas Association of West Virginia, a coalition of gas shippers, in rate settlement negotiations with pipeline owner Equitrans.

Christopher Barr of Post & Schell, P.C. is a well-regarded regulatory lawyer with a practice that focuses on representing oil and gas pipeline clients in administrative litigation. One impressed source said that he is "like a walking encyclopedia of oil and gas pipeline regulations." 

Michael Yuffee recently joined Reed Smith LLP from Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP. Yuffee is noted for his expertise in FERC and CFTC matters, with sources particularly highlighting his experience when it comes to representing clients facing regulatory enforcement actions. "He is creative and has stellar credibility with key people at the commission," reports one impressed interviewee.

Thomas Blackburn of Schiff Hardin LLP is a FERC electricity regulatory lawyer acting for clients including transmission owners, electricity utilities, rural cooperatives and ISOs. "His strength is understanding the integrated utility and its role before FERC," one source notes.

Rodney Moore of Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP receives much praise for his commercial approach and knowledge of transactions in the upstream and midstream oil and gas sectors. Sources say: "He is very thorough, very knowledgeable and experienced."

Foreign Experts

Foreign Experts are individuals with expertise in a different jurisdiction to the one they are based in. These individuals are particularly highly regarded for international and cross-border work. Usually, they will be identified in the jurisdiction in which they are based and in their country of expertise.

Senior Statesman

A 'Senior Statesman' is a lawyer who no longer works hands-on with the same intensity but who, by virtue of close links with major clients, remains pivotal to the firm’s success.

Eminent Practitioners

'Eminent Practitioners' are highly influential lawyers in a particular practice area who, due to managerial or client relationship commitments, are less active in day-to-day work but remain key players in the team.

Other Noted Practitioners

Other Noted Practitioners are individuals who have not yet been ranked but are seen to be active and accomplished in this area of law.

Other Noted Firms

Other Noted Firms are firms that have not yet been ranked but are seen to be active and accomplished in this area of law.